сум

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: sum, сүм, сӯм, and сўм

Macedonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *esmь.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [sum]
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

сум (sumimpf or pf

  1. (intransitive) to be
  2. (intransitive) to be wrong with

Usage notes[edit]

  • The dependent form is specific to this verb only and is basically a second present form that is used in compound forms, such as the future, the да-construction, etc. It is analogous to the dependent present form of perfective verbs and its presence in the conjugation of "сум" is due to suppletion.

Conjugation[edit]


Mongolian[edit]

Mongolian (PR China) ᠰᠤᠮᠤ (sumu)
Mongolian (Mongolia)
Cyrillic сум (sum)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Mongolic *sumun (arrow), compare Kalmyk сумн (sumn), Dongxiang sumu.

The sense 'district' arose during the Qing dynasty as a translation of Manchu ᠨᡳᡵᡠ (niru, a large arrow, militia company, district)[1].

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

сум (sum); (hidden-n declension)

  1. arrow, projectile, bullet
  2. sum (sometimes somon, sumon or sumu) (the second-level civil administrative unit in the Mongolian governance system)

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • English: sum
  • Chinese: 蘇木 (sūmù)
  • Buryat: сомон (somon)
  • Tuvan: сумон (sumon)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Christopher P. Atwood (2004) Encyclopedia of Mongolia and the Mongol empire, New York: Facts on File, Inc, page 523

Russian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

сум (sumf inan pl

  1. genitive plural of сума́ (sumá)

Ukrainian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Related to су́мнів (súmniv, doubt). Compare Slovene súm (suspicion).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

сум (summ inan (genitive су́му, uncountable)

  1. sadness

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]