сум

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: сүм, сӯм, and сўм

Macedonian[edit]

Verb[edit]

сум (sumimpf or pf

  1. to be

Usage notes[edit]

  • The dependent form is specific to this verb only and is basically a second present form that is used in compound forms, such as the future, the да-construction, etc. It is analogous to the dependent present form of perfective verbs and its presence in the conjugation of "сум" is due to suppletion.

Conjugation[edit]


Mongolian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Mongolic *sumun (arrow), compare Dongxiang sumu.

The sense 'district' arose during the Qing dynasty as a translation of Manchu ᠨᡳᡵᡠ (niru, a large arrow, militia company, district)[1].

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

сум (sum) (Mongolian spelling ᠰᠤᠮᠤ (sumu)); (hidden-n declension)

  1. arrow, projectile, bullet
  2. district (the second-level civil administrative unit in the Mongolian governance system (under provinces))

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Christopher P. Atwood (2004) Encyclopedia of Mongolia and the Mongol empire, New York: Facts on File, Inc, page 523

Russian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

сум (sumf inan pl

  1. genitive plural of сума́ (sumá)