som

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English[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Kyrgyz сом (som) and Uzbek сўм (Cyrillic) / soʻm (Roman), both of which come from the Turkic root *som ("pure [gold]").

Noun[edit]

som (plural soms)

  1. The currency of Uzbekistan.
  2. The currency of Kyrgyzstan.

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Verb[edit]

som

  1. first-person plural present indicative form of ser

Czech[edit]

Noun[edit]

som m

  1. archaic form of sumec

Danish[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

som

  1. as (in the same way that)
  2. like
  3. such as
  4. for

Pronoun[edit]

som

  1. (relative) who, which, that

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

som f (plural sommen, diminutive sommetje n)

  1. sum

Anagrams[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From a Turkic language, compare Turkmen çüm (cornel), Kumyk чуm (čum, berry).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈʃom]
  • Hyphenation: som

Noun[edit]

som (plural somok)

  1. cornel

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative som somok
accusative somot somokat
dative somnak somoknak
instrumental sommal somokkal
causal-final somért somokért
translative sommá somokká
terminative somig somokig
essive-formal somként somokként
essive-modal
inessive somban somokban
superessive somon somokon
adessive somnál somoknál
illative somba somokba
sublative somra somokra
allative somhoz somokhoz
elative somból somokból
delative somról somokról
ablative somtól somoktól
Possessive forms of som
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. somom somjaim
2nd person sing. somod somjaid
3rd person sing. somja somjai
1st person plural somunk somjaink
2nd person plural somotok somjaitok
3rd person plural somjuk somjaik

Lojban[edit]

Rafsi[edit]

som

  1. rafsi of sombo.

Lower Sorbian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

som

  1. first-person singular present of byś

Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch sum, from Proto-Germanic *sumaz.

Pronunciation[edit]

Determiner[edit]

som

  1. some

Inflection[edit]

This determiner needs an inflection-table template.

Further reading[edit]

  • som”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • som (I)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

som

  1. as; similar to, in the same way that

Derived terms[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

som

  1. (reflexive) who, which

Preposition[edit]

som

  1. as; to the same extent or degree that

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse sem.

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

som

  1. as
    Han jobbar som kelner.
    He is working as a waiter.
Derived terms[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

som

  1. (reflexive) who, which, that
    Dette er bilen som eg kjøpte.
    This is the car that I bought.
    Det var den mannen som kom.
    That was the man who came.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse sumr. Akin to English some.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • sum (now nonstandard)

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

som m (feminine som, neuter somt, plural somme)

  1. some
    Somt av det er nytt, resten er gamalt.
    Some of it is new, the rest is old.

References[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Portuguese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pt

Etymology[edit]

From Old Portuguese son (influenced by Old Provençal son), sõo, from Latin sonus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

som m (plural sons)

  1. sound

Quotations[edit]

For usage examples of this term, see Citations:som.


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *somъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sȍm m (Cyrillic spelling со̏м)

  1. catfish

Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

The origins of this term are unclear. Possibly because som (catfish) is a big fish. Others believe it is due to the 1000 Dinar banknotes of 1955, on which the person depicted appears to have two fish eyes (instead of a welding goggles) on his head. A 10 Dinara note (or 100 Dinara, this may vary regioanlly) is said to be called a "banka".

Noun[edit]

sȍm m (Cyrillic spelling со̏м)

  1. grand (A thousand of some unit of currency)
    1. dva soma - 2000 Dinara or 2000 German Marks

Slovak[edit]

Verb[edit]

som

  1. first-person singular present of byť

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Swedish som or sum, in Runic inscriptions also sim, same as Icelandic sem, from Old Norse sem, from Proto-Indo-European *sḗm (one), also related to the prefix sam- (co-, common, together) and suffix -sam (-some, -like). Still in the Poetic Edda, the Icelandic sem is only used as a comparative particle, e.g. Hávamál 23 allt er víl sem var (And his woe is just as it was). With time it has displaced other relative conjunctions (es, er). Its use as a pronoun is of a later date.

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

som

  1. as, like; similar to
    Flitig som ett bi.
    Busy as a bee.
    Hon lät som en häst.
    She sounded like a horse.
  2. as; in the same way that
    Som du önskar.
    As you wish.

Derived terms[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

som

  1. (relative) who, which, that
    Det var hon som gjorde det.
    She is the one who did it.
    Det där är stenen som kraschade rutan.
    That’s the stone that broke the window.
  2. as; to the same extent or degree that
    Du är inte lika lång som jag är.
    You are not as tall as I am.
    Du är inte lika lång som jag.
    You are not as tall as me.

References[edit]

  • som in Elof Hellquist, Svensk etymologisk ordbok (1st ed., 1922)

Turkish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French saumon.

Noun[edit]

som (definite accusative somu, plural somlar)

  1. salmon

Declension[edit]