son

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See also: Son, són, søn, and sơn

Contents

English[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English sonn, sone, sun, sune, from Old English sunu ‎(son), from Proto-Germanic *sunuz ‎(son), from Proto-Indo-European *suHnús ‎(son), from Proto-Indo-European *sewH- ‎(to bear; give birth). Cognate with Scots son ‎(son), Saterland Frisian Suun ‎(son), West Frisian soan ‎(son), Dutch zoon ‎(son), Afrikaans seun ‎(son), Low German sone, son ‎(son), German Sohn ‎(son), Danish søn ‎(son), Swedish son ‎(son), Icelandic sonur ‎(son), Lithuanian sūnùs ‎(son), Russian сын ‎(syn, son), Avestan [script needed] ‎(hūnuš, son), Sanskrit सूनु ‎(sūnú, son), Ancient Greek υἱύς ‎(huiús), υἱός ‎(huiós, son), Albanian çun ‎(lad, boy, son), Armenian ուստր ‎(ustr, son), Tocharian B soy, soṃśke ‎(son).

Noun[edit]

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son ‎(plural sons)

  1. One's male offspring.
    Before the birth of the man's child, he said: "I want a son, not a daughter."
  2. A male adopted person in relation to his adoption parents.
  3. A male person who has such a close relationship with an older or otherwise more authoritative person that he can be regarded as a son of the other person.
  4. A male person considered to have been significantly shaped by some external influence.
    He was a son of the mafia system.
  5. A male descendant.
    The pharaohs were believed to be sons of the Sun.
  6. A familiar address to a male person from an older or otherwise more authoritative person.
  7. (Britain, colloquial) An informal address to a friend or person of equal authority.
Synonyms[edit]
Antonyms[edit]
Hypernyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English sonen, sunen, from the noun (see above).

Verb[edit]

son ‎(third-person singular simple present sons, present participle sonning, simple past and past participle sonned)

  1. (transitive) To produce (i.e. bear, father, beget) a son.
    • 1997, Noel Polk, Outside the Southern Myth:
      I sonned a father who would not be sonned, [...]
  2. (transitive) To address (someone) as "son".
    • 2005, Jerry Flesher, Tomorrow I'll Miss You:
      “Don't 'son' me.” “I'm old enough to be your father,” he said with a dismissive wave of his hand.
    • 2014, Stuart A. McKeever, Becoming Joey Fizz:
      “Son—now's not the time, please.” “It's the perfect time—it's the best time fucking time I ever had. There's not gonna be another time, so don't son me, you bastard. [...]”

Statistics[edit]

Most common English words before 1923: read · together · already · #302: son · death · works · perhaps

Anagrams[edit]


Aromanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin sonus. Compare Daco-Romanian sun.

Noun[edit]

son n ‎(plural sonuri)

  1. sound

Related terms[edit]


Asturian[edit]

Verb[edit]

son

  1. third-person plural present indicative of ser

Azeri[edit]

Other scripts
Cyrillic сон
Roman son
Perso-Arabic سون

Noun[edit]

son ‎(definite accusative sonu, plural sonlar)

  1. end, ending

Declension[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Vulgar Latin sum, from Classical Latin suum.

Determiner[edit]

son m ‎(feminine sa, masculine plural sos, feminine plural ses)

  1. his, her, its
  2. their
  3. your (alluding to vostè or vostès)

Usage notes[edit]

The use of son and the other possessive determiners is mostly archaic in the majority of dialects, with articulated possessive pronouns (e.g. el meu) mostly being used in their stead. However, mon, ton, and son are still widely used before certain nouns referring to family members and some affective nouns, such as amic, casa, and vida. Which nouns actually find use with the possessive determiners depends greatly on the locale.

The standard masculine plural form is sos, but sons can be found in some dialects.

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin somnus.

Noun[edit]

son f ‎(plural sons)

  1. sleep
Derived terms[edit]

Faroese[edit]

Noun[edit]

son

  1. indefinite accusative singular of sonur

Finnish[edit]

Contraction[edit]

son

  1. Contraction of se on "it is".

French[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin sonus.

Noun[edit]

son m ‎(plural sons)

  1. Sound.
    Le son de ce piano est agréable.
    The sound of this piano is nice.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle French son, from Old French son, from Vulgar Latin sum, a reduced/atonic variant of suus, suum, from Proto-Italic *sowos, from Proto-Indo-European *sewos, from *swé ‎(self).

Determiner[edit]

son m ‎(singular)

  1. (possessive) His, her, its (used to qualify masculine nouns and before vowel).
    Elle a perdu son chapeau.
    She lost her hat.
    Il a perdu son chapeau.
    He lost his hat.
    J'aime son amie.
    I like her/his girlfriend.
    La décision a été prise pendant son absence.
    The decision was taken in his absence.
Related terms[edit]
Possessee
Singular Plural
Masculine Feminine
Possessor Singular First person mon ma mes
Second person ton ta tes
Third person son sa ses
Plural First person notre nos
Second person votre vos
Third person leur leurs

Etymology 3[edit]

From Latin secundus. Cognate with Catalan segó. Doublet of second.

Noun[edit]

son m ‎(plural sons)

  1. bran
    Ceci est du pain de son.
    This bread is done with bran.

Anagrams[edit]

External links[edit]


Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin sonus.

Noun[edit]

son m ‎(plural sons)

  1. sound

Related terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

son

  1. first-person singular present indicative of ser
  2. third-person plural present indicative of ser

German[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

son

  1. Alternative form of so'n

External links[edit]

  • son in Duden online

Icelandic[edit]

Noun[edit]

son

  1. indefinite accusative singular of sonur

Irish[edit]

Noun[edit]

son

  1. Only used in ar son

Istriot[edit]

Verb[edit]

son

  1. first-person singular present indicative of ièsi
  2. second-person singular present indicative of ièsi
    • 1877, Antonio Ive, Canti popolari istriani: raccolti a Rovigno, volume 5, Ermanno Loescher, page 29:
      Ti son la manduleîna inzucherada.
      You are the sugared almond.

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

son

  1. rōmaji reading of そん

Ladin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

son

  1. first-person singular present indicative of ester

Etymology 2[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

son

  1. third-person singular present indicative of ester

Lojban[edit]

Rafsi[edit]

son

  1. rafsi of sonci.

Lower Sorbian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

son m

  1. (archaic) swan (waterfowl of genus Cygnus)

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Middle French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French son.

Noun[edit]

son m (plural sons)

  1. sound

Descendants[edit]


Northern Sami[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

son

  1. he, she, it

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of son (irregular)
Nominative son
Genitive su
Nominative son
Genitive su
Accusative su
Illative sutnje
Locative sus
Comitative suinna
Essive sunin

See also[edit]

Personal pronouns
singular dual plural
1st person mun moai mii
2nd person don doai dii
3rd person son soai sii

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse sonr, from Proto-Germanic *sunuz, from Proto-Indo-European *suHnús.

Noun[edit]

son m ‎(definite singular sonen, indefinite plural søner, definite plural sønene)

  1. a son
    Han hadde to søner.
    He had two sons.

References[edit]


Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • soun (Anglo-Norman)
  • sun (Anglo-Norman)

Etymology[edit]

From Vulgar Latin sum, a reduced/atonic variant of Latin suus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Determiner[edit]

son m ‎(feminine sa, plural ses)

  1. his/hers/its (third-person singular possessive)

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle French: son

Old Swedish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse sonr, from Proto-Germanic *sunuz.

Noun[edit]

son m

  1. son

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Scots[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English sunu ‎(son), from Proto-Germanic *sunuz ‎(son), from Proto-Indo-European *suHnús ‎(son), from *seu̯H- ‎(to bear, give birth).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

son ‎(plural sons)

  1. son, male child

Derived terms[edit]


Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Noun[edit]

son m ‎(indeclinable)

  1. sake, account
    Dèan seo air ar son.
    Do this for our sake.

Derived terms[edit]


Skolt Sami[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

son

  1. he, she, it (3rd person personal pronoun)

Declension[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia es

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin sonus.

Noun[edit]

son m ‎(plural sones)

  1. A pleasant sound, tone
  2. An Afro-Cuban musical form.
  3. A musical composition in this form.

Etymology 2[edit]

See ser

Verb[edit]

son

  1. Second-person plural (ustedes) present indicative form of ser.
  2. Third-person plural (ellos, ellas, also used with ustedes?) present indicative form of ser.

Sranan Tongo[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch zon, from Middle Dutch sonne ‎(sun), from Old Dutch sunna, from Proto-Germanic *sunnǭ, from Proto-Indo-European *sh₂un-, *sóh₂wl̥.

Noun[edit]

son

  1. sun

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Swedish son, sun, from Old Norse sonr, sunr from Proto-Germanic *sunuz, from Proto-Indo-European *suHnús. Masculine in Late Modern Swedish.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

son c

  1. son; someone's male child
  2. definite singular of so

Declension[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Turkic soŋ, from Proto-Turkic.

Adjective[edit]

son

  1. last, final

Antonyms[edit]

Noun[edit]

son ‎(definite accusative sonu, plural sonlar)

  1. end, ending
    Mutlu sonum - I am the happy ending (pronunciation on the first syllable: sonum)
    Mutlu sonum - My happy ending (pronunciation on the last syllable: sonum)

Declension[edit]


Venetian[edit]

Verb[edit]

son

  1. first-person singular present indicative of èser

Vietnamese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

son

  1. unshakable; firm
    Lòng son dạ sắt càng thêm
    Lòng đà trăng gió ai tìm thấy ai.

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

son

  1. lipstick

Derived terms[edit]


Volapük[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

son ‎(plural sons)

  1. son

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]

Hypernyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Zhuang[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Standard Zhuang) IPA(key): /θoːn˨˦/

Etymology[edit]

Compare Lao ສອນ ‎(sǭn), Thai สอน ‎(sawn).

Verb[edit]

son

  1. to teach