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See also: Father
- (Received Pronunciation) enPR: fä'thə(r), IPA(key): /ˈfɑːðə(ɹ)/
Audio (RP) (file)
- (General American) enPR: fä'thər, IPA(key): /ˈfɑðɚ/
Audio (GA) (file)
- (General Australian) enPR: fä'thə, IPA(key): /ˈfɐːðə/
- (Ireland, Canada, California, Western Pennsylvania, older New York City) enPR: fä'thə, IPA(key): /ˈfɒːðɚ/
- (obsolete) enPR: făthər, fāthər, IPA(key): /ˈfæðəɹ/, /ˈfeɪðəɹ/
- Homophone: farther (in non-rhotic accents)
- Rhymes: -ɑːðə(ɹ)
- Hyphenation: fa‧ther
father (plural fathers)
- A (generally human) male who begets a child.
- My father was a strong influence on me.
- My friend Tony just became a father.
- 1897 December (indicated as 1898), Winston Churchill, chapter V, in The Celebrity: An Episode, New York, N.Y.: The Macmillan Company; London: Macmillan & Co., Ltd., →OCLC:
- When this conversation was repeated in detail within the hearing of the young woman in question, and undoubtedly for his benefit, Mr. Trevor threw shame to the winds and scandalized the Misses Brewster then and there by proclaiming his father to have been a country storekeeper.
- 1980 August 1 [1980 May 1], Ching-kuo Chiang, “President Chiang Ching-kuo continues his period of mourning and finds that visits to countryside and people give him renewed strength”, in Taiwan Today, archived from the original on 17 May 2020:
- My personal success or failure is insignificant; the rise or fall of the nation is my responsibility and must not be shirked. Upon introspection, I feel I am firmer than ever in confidence that the Communists will be defeated. These are feelings which will comfort Father's soul in Heaven.
- A male ancestor more remote than a parent; a progenitor; especially, a first ancestor.
- 1611, The Holy Bible, […] (King James Version), London: […] Robert Barker, […], →OCLC, Romans 4:16:
- Therefoꝛe it is of faith, that it might bee by grace; to the ende the pꝛomiſe might be ſure to all the ſeede, not to that onely which is of the Law, but to that alſo which is of the faith of Abꝛaham, who is the father of vs all,
- A term of respectful address for an elderly man.
- Come, father; you can sit here.
- A term of respectful address for a priest.
- A person who plays the role of a father in some way.
- My brother was a father to me after my parents got divorced.
- The child is father to the man.
- The founder of a discipline or science.
- Albert Einstein is the father of modern physics.
- Something that is the greatest or most significant of its kind.
- 1991, The Nairobi Law Monthly:
- Soon after the announcement of this year's election results, Mereka said that "the father of all battles had just begun." His dispute with Muite goes back to March last year […]
- 2002, Financial Management:
- "If UK GDP slows by 1 per cent, there is the mother and father of all recessions. It was exciting, but very bizarre, working in such an environment."
- 2012, Zubairu Wai, Epistemologies of African Conflicts: Violence, Evolutionism, and the War in Sierra Leone, Palgrave Macmillan, →ISBN, page 93:
- “The Father of All Battles”
On March 23, 1991, a band of armed insurgents attacked the town of Bomaru […]
- Something inanimate that begets.
- 1649, Richard Lovelace, Amyntor's Grove, His Chloris, Arigo, and Gratiana. An Elogie., Thomas Harper, page 88:
- But may the Sun and gentle weather, / When you are both growne ripe together, / Load you with fruit, such as your Father / From you with all the joyes doth gather: / And may you when one branch is dead / Graft ſuch another in it's ſtead, […]
- (Christianity) A member of a church council.
- 2009, Peter Chidi Okuma, Empowerment of the Catholic Laity in the Nigerian Political Situation […], →ISBN, page 177:
- On the part of the fathers of the synod, over 50 bishops, from every continent, spoke on different ‘group forms’ of the lay apostolate, whereas about 38 fathers made their own interventions in writing to the General Secretary.
- (computing) The archived older version of a file that immediately precedes the current version, and was itself derived from the grandfather.
- 2004, Ray Bradley, The Ultimate Computing Glossary for Advanced Level, page 31:
- Three generations of file are usually kept, being the grandfather, father and son files.
- 2007, O. Ray Whittington, Patrick R. Delaney, Wiley CPA Exam Review 2008: Auditing and Attestation, page 556:
- The file from which the father was developed with the transaction files of the appropriate day is the grandfather.
- (a male parent): parent
- adoptive father
- baby father
- be gathered to one's fathers
- biological father
- birth father
- birthing father
- city father
- conscript father
- father-bother merger
- Father Christmas
- father figure
- father hunger
- father in law
- father lasher
- father longlegs
- father of chapel
- Father of Lies
- father of the House
- Father's Day
- father superior
- Father Time
- father tongue
- foster father
- founding father
- gestational father
- ghostly father
- God the Father
- gold star father
- Heavenly Father
- he could be her father
- how's your father
- it is a wise child that knows his own father
- like father, like son
- like father like son
- nursing father
- one's father was born before one
- shrift father
- single father
- surrogate father
- To be a father to; to sire.
- 1591 (date written), William Shakespeare, “The First Part of Henry the Sixt”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act IV, scene v], page 117, column 2:
- Well go too, we'll haue no Baſtards liue, / Eſpecially ſince Charles muſt Father it.
- (figurative) To give rise to.
- 1611 April (first recorded performance), William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Cymbeline”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act II, scene ii], page 387, column 1:
- Cowards father Cowards & Baſe things Syre Bace;
- To act as a father; to support and nurture.
- 1611 April (first recorded performance), William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Cymbeline”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act IV, scene ii], page 390, column 2:
- I good youth, / And rather Father thee, then Maſter thee:
- To provide with a father.
- 1599 (first performance), William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Iulius Cæsar”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act II, scene i], page 116, column 2:
- Thinke you, I am no ſtronger then my Sex / Being ſo Father'd, and ſo Husbanded?
- 1906, James George Frazer, Adonis, Attis, Osiris, volume 2, page 209:
- The relations of the sexes were so loose and vague that children could not be fathered on any particular man.
- To adopt as one's own.
- 1713, Imitation of Horace, Jonathan Swift, Book I. Ep. VII:
- Kept company with men of wit / Who often fathered what he writ.
- ^ Krapp, George Philip (1925) The English Language in America, volume II, New York: Century Co. for the Modern Language Association of America, →OCLC, pages 50-51.
- ^ Dobson, E. J. (1957) English pronunciation 1500-1700, volume II: Phonology, second edition, Oxford: Clarendon Press, published 1968, →OCLC, § 6, page 467.
- (Late Middle English) Alternative form of