file

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See also: File, filé, and fíle

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK, US) IPA(key): /faɪl/, [faɪ̯(ə)ɫ]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aɪl

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old French fil (thread), from Latin fīlum (thread). Doublet of filum.

Noun[edit]

file (plural files)

  1. A collection of papers collated and archived together.
  2. A roll or list.
  3. Course of thought; thread of narration.
  4. (computing) An aggregation of data on a storage device, identified by a name.
    I'm going to delete these unwanted files to free up some disk space.
  5. (computing) The primary item on the menu bar, containing commands such as open, save, print, etc.
  6. A row of modular kitchen units and a countertop, consisting of cabinets and appliances below (dishwasher) and next to (stove/cooker) a countertop.
    Many homes now have double-file kitchens.
  7. (Canada, US) Clipping of file cabinet.
    • 2010, Beth Critchley Charlton, Englaging the DisEngaged[1], page 71:
      The Nonfiction Vertical File: [] I spent my university years working in the library at the Maritime School of Social Work. One of my responsibilities was to keep the library's vertical file up to date. The vertical file was a cabinet full of current newspaper and magazine clippings on topics of interest to the students and faculty of the school.
Synonyms[edit]
Hyponyms[edit]
Hyponyms of file (etymology 1)
Derived terms[edit]
Derived terms of file (etymology 1)
Descendants[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

file (third-person singular simple present files, present participle filing, simple past and past participle filed)

  1. (transitive) To commit (official papers) to some office.
    • 2012 May 27, Nathan Rabin, “TV: Review: THE SIMPSONS (CLASSIC): “New Kid On The Block” (season 4, episode 8; originally aired 11/12/1992)”, in The Onion AV Club[2]:
      The episode’s unwillingness to fully commit to the pathos of the Bart-and-Laura subplot is all the more frustrating considering its laugh quota is more than filled by a rollicking B-story that finds Homer, he of the iron stomach and insatiable appetite, filing a lawsuit against The Frying Dutchman when he’s hauled out of the eatery against his will after consuming all of the restaurant’s shrimp (plus two plastic lobsters).
  2. (transitive) To submit (a story) to a newspaper or similar publication.
  3. (transitive) To place in an archive in a logical place and order.
  4. (transitive) To store a file (aggregation of data) on a storage medium such as a disc or another computer.
  5. (intransitive, with for, chiefly law) To submit a formal request to some office.
    She filed for divorce the next day.
    The company filed for bankruptcy when the office opened on Monday.
    They filed for a refund under their warranty.
  6. (transitive, obsolete) To set in order; to arrange, or lay away.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From French file, from filer (to spin out, arrange one behind another), from Latin fīlāre, from filum (thread).

Noun[edit]

file (plural files)

  1. A column of people one behind another, whether "single file" or in a grid pattern.
    Antonym: rank
    The troops marched in Indian file.
  2. (military) A small detachment of soldiers.
  3. (chess) one of the eight vertical lines of squares on a chessboard (i.e., those identified by a letter).
    Antonym: rank
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

file (third-person singular simple present files, present participle filing, simple past and past participle filed)

  1. (intransitive) To move in a file.
    The applicants kept filing into the room until it was full.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle English file, fyle, from Old English fēl, fēol (file), from earlier fīil, from Proto-Germanic *finhlō, *finhilō (file, rasp), from Proto-Indo-European *peyḱ- (to adorn, form). Cognate with West Frisian file (file), Dutch vijl (file), German Feile (file).

Noun[edit]

A file (tool).

file (plural files)

  1. A hand tool consisting of a handle to which a block of coarse metal is attached, and used for removing sharp edges or for cutting, especially through metal.
  2. (slang, archaic) A cunning or resourceful person.
Hyponyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
terms derived from file (tool) (noun)
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

file (third-person singular simple present files, present participle filing, simple past and past participle filed)

  1. (transitive) To smooth, grind, or cut with a file.
    I'd better file the bottoms of the table legs. Otherwise they will scratch the flooring.
    • 1879, R[ichard] J[efferies], chapter II, in The Amateur Poacher, London: Smith, Elder, & Co., [], →OCLC:
      Orion hit a rabbit once; but though sore wounded it got to the bury, and, struggling in, the arrow caught the side of the hole and was drawn out. Indeed, a nail filed sharp is not of much avail as an arrowhead; you must have it barbed, and that was a little beyond our skill.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

From Middle English filen (to defile), from Old English fȳlan (to defile, make foul), from Proto-West Germanic *fūlijan (to make foul). More at defile.

Verb[edit]

file (third-person singular simple present files, present participle filing, simple past and past participle filed)

  1. (archaic) To defile.
  2. To corrupt.

Anagrams[edit]

Dutch[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From French file (line, row), from Late Latin filare, from Latin filum (thread). Related to fileren (to fillet) and file (computer file).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈfilə/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: fi‧le

Noun[edit]

file f (plural files, diminutive filetje n)

  1. traffic jam
  2. queue
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From English file (computer file), from Old French fil (thread), from Latin filum (thread). Related to fileren (to fillet) and file (queue, traffic jam).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /fɑi̯l/, /fɛi̯l/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: file

Noun[edit]

file m (plural files, diminutive filetje n)

  1. (computing) file (an aggregation of data on a storage device identified by a name)

Anagrams[edit]

Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

fil- + -e

Adverb[edit]

file

  1. filially (in a filial manner or way)

Finnish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈfileˣ/, [ˈfile̞(ʔ)]
  • Rhymes: -ile
  • Syllabification(key): fi‧le

Noun[edit]

file

  1. Alternative form of filee.

Declension[edit]

Inflection of file (Kotus type 48/hame, no gradation)
nominative file fileet
genitive fileen fileiden
fileitten
partitive filettä fileitä
illative fileeseen fileisiin
fileihin
singular plural
nominative file fileet
accusative nom. file fileet
gen. fileen
genitive fileen fileiden
fileitten
partitive filettä fileitä
inessive fileessä fileissä
elative fileestä fileistä
illative fileeseen fileisiin
fileihin
adessive fileellä fileillä
ablative fileeltä fileiltä
allative fileelle fileille
essive fileenä fileinä
translative fileeksi fileiksi
abessive fileettä fileittä
instructive filein
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of file (Kotus type 48/hame, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative fileeni fileeni
accusative nom. fileeni fileeni
gen. fileeni
genitive fileeni fileideni
fileitteni
partitive filettäni fileitäni
inessive fileessäni fileissäni
elative fileestäni fileistäni
illative fileeseeni fileisiini
fileihini
adessive fileelläni fileilläni
ablative fileeltäni fileiltäni
allative fileelleni fileilleni
essive fileenäni fileinäni
translative fileekseni fileikseni
abessive fileettäni fileittäni
instructive
comitative fileineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative fileesi fileesi
accusative nom. fileesi fileesi
gen. fileesi
genitive fileesi fileidesi
fileittesi
partitive filettäsi fileitäsi
inessive fileessäsi fileissäsi
elative fileestäsi fileistäsi
illative fileeseesi fileisiisi
fileihisi
adessive fileelläsi fileilläsi
ablative fileeltäsi fileiltäsi
allative fileellesi fileillesi
essive fileenäsi fileinäsi
translative fileeksesi fileiksesi
abessive fileettäsi fileittäsi
instructive
comitative fileinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative fileemme fileemme
accusative nom. fileemme fileemme
gen. fileemme
genitive fileemme fileidemme
fileittemme
partitive filettämme fileitämme
inessive fileessämme fileissämme
elative fileestämme fileistämme
illative fileeseemme fileisiimme
fileihimme
adessive fileellämme fileillämme
ablative fileeltämme fileiltämme
allative fileellemme fileillemme
essive fileenämme fileinämme
translative fileeksemme fileiksemme
abessive fileettämme fileittämme
instructive
comitative fileinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative fileenne fileenne
accusative nom. fileenne fileenne
gen. fileenne
genitive fileenne fileidenne
fileittenne
partitive filettänne fileitänne
inessive fileessänne fileissänne
elative fileestänne fileistänne
illative fileeseenne fileisiinne
fileihinne
adessive fileellänne fileillänne
ablative fileeltänne fileiltänne
allative fileellenne fileillenne
essive fileenänne fileinänne
translative fileeksenne fileiksenne
abessive fileettänne fileittänne
instructive
comitative fileinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative fileensä fileensä
accusative nom. fileensä fileensä
gen. fileensä
genitive fileensä fileidensä
fileittensä
partitive filettään
filettänsä
fileitään
fileitänsä
inessive fileessään
fileessänsä
fileissään
fileissänsä
elative fileestään
fileestänsä
fileistään
fileistänsä
illative fileeseensä fileisiinsä
fileihinsä
adessive fileellään
fileellänsä
fileillään
fileillänsä
ablative fileeltään
fileeltänsä
fileiltään
fileiltänsä
allative fileelleen
fileellensä
fileilleen
fileillensä
essive fileenään
fileenänsä
fileinään
fileinänsä
translative fileekseen
fileeksensä
fileikseen
fileiksensä
abessive fileettään
fileettänsä
fileittään
fileittänsä
instructive
comitative fileineen
fileinensä

Further reading[edit]

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From fil or the verb filer.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

file f (plural files)

  1. a line of objects placed one after the other
  2. (Belgium) traffic jam
    Synonyms: bouchon, embouteillage

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Dutch: file (queue, traffic jam)
  • English: file (column of people)
  • Spanish: fila

Verb[edit]

file

  1. inflection of filer:
    1. first/third-person singular present indicative/subjunctive
    2. second-person singular imperative

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish fili,[1] from Primitive Irish ᚃᚓᚂᚔᚈᚐᚄ (velitas), from Proto-Celtic *welīts.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

file m (genitive singular file, nominative plural filí)

  1. poet

Declension[edit]

Archaic declension:

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
file fhile bhfile
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  1. ^ G. Toner, M. Ní Mhaonaigh, S. Arbuthnot, D. Wodtko, M.-L. Theuerkauf, editors (2019), “fili”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language
  2. ^ Finck, F. N. (1899) Die araner mundart (in German), volume II, Marburg: Elwert’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, page 111
  3. ^ Quiggin, E. C. (1906) A Dialect of Donegal, Cambridge University Press, page 39

Further reading[edit]

Italian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Unadapted borrowing from English file.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

file m (invariable)

  1. (computing) file

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈfi.le/
  • Rhymes: -ile
  • Hyphenation: fì‧le

Noun[edit]

file f

  1. plural of fila

References[edit]

  1. ^ file in Luciano Canepari, Dizionario di Pronuncia Italiana (DiPI)

Anagrams[edit]

Northern Kurdish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabicفَلَّاح(fallāḥ), from Classical Syriacܦܠܚܐ(pallāḥā).[1] Sedentary Armenians called so after their way of life by nomadic Kurds.[2]

Noun[edit]

Central Kurdish فەلە(fele)

file m or f

  1. Armenian
  2. Christian
  3. peasant, farmer

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chyet, Michael L. (2003), “file”, in Kurdish–English Dictionary, with selected etymologies by Martin Schwartz, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, page 195a
  2. ^ Cabolov, R. L. (2010) Etimologičeskij slovarʹ kurdskovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Kurdish Language] (in Russian), volume II, Moscow: Russian Academy Press Vostochnaya Literatura, page 354

Further reading[edit]

  • Jaba, Auguste; Justi, Ferdinand (1879) Dictionnaire Kurde-Français [Kurdish–French Dictionary], Saint Petersburg: Imperial Academy of Sciences, page 294b
  • Kurdojev, K. K. (1960), “file”, in Kurdsko-russkij slovarʹ [Kurdish–Russian Dictionary], Moscow: Gosudarstvennoje izdatelʹstvo inostrannyx i nacionalʹnyx slovarej, page 263a

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From fil f (a file).

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

file (present tense filar/filer, past tense fila/filte, past participle fila/filt, passive infinitive filast, present participle filande, imperative file/fil)

  1. (transitive) To use a file to file.
  2. (transitive) To rub (making a sound).
  3. (transitive, figurative) To polish, refine.

Etymology 2[edit]

Probably related to Swedish fil.

Noun[edit]

file m (definite singular filen, indefinite plural filar, definite plural filane)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]

Old Irish[edit]

Verb[edit]

file

  1. Alternative form of fil

Picard[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin filia.

Noun[edit]

file f (plural files)

  1. girl
  2. daughter

Related terms[edit]

Portuguese[edit]

Verb[edit]

file

  1. inflection of filar:
    1. first/third-person singular present subjunctive
    2. third-person singular imperative

Slovene[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /filéː/
  • Hyphenation: fi‧lé

Noun[edit]

filẹ̑ m inan

  1. fillet

Inflection[edit]

The diacritics used in this section of the entry are non-tonal. If you are a native tonal speaker, please help by adding the tonal marks.
Masculine inan., soft o-stem
nom. sing. filé
gen. sing. filêja
singular dual plural
nominative
(imenovȃlnik)
filé filêja filêji
genitive
(rodȋlnik)
filêja filêjev filêjev
dative
(dajȃlnik)
filêju filêjema filêjem
accusative
(tožȋlnik)
filé filêja filêje
locative
(mẹ̑stnik)
filêju filêjih filêjih
instrumental
(orọ̑dnik)
filêjem filêjema filêji

Spanish[edit]

Verb[edit]

file

  1. inflection of filar:
    1. first/third-person singular present subjunctive
    2. third-person singular imperative

Swahili[edit]

Verb[edit]

-file (infinitive kufile)

  1. (Sheng) to file (to make a formal request)

Turkish[edit]

A shopping file. (2)

Etymology[edit]

From French filée.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈfi.le/, /fiˈle/
  • Hyphenation: fi‧le

Noun[edit]

file (definite accusative fileyi, plural fileler)

  1. A net made of wool, cotton etc.; mesh.
  2. A meshwork bag used for shopping.
  3. A hairnet.
  4. (sports) A net inside the goal in games like association football, handball etc.
  5. (sports) A net that divides the court in games like tennis, volleyball, badminton etc.

Declension[edit]

Inflection
Nominative file
Definite accusative fileyi
Singular Plural
Nominative file fileler
Definite accusative fileyi fileleri
Dative fileye filelere
Locative filede filelerde
Ablative fileden filelerden
Genitive filenin filelerin
Possessive forms
Nominative
Singular Plural
1st singular filem filelerim
2nd singular filen filelerin
3rd singular filesi fileleri
1st plural filemiz filelerimiz
2nd plural fileniz fileleriniz
3rd plural fileleri fileleri
Definite accusative
Singular Plural
1st singular filemi filelerimi
2nd singular fileni filelerini
3rd singular filesini filelerini
1st plural filemizi filelerimizi
2nd plural filenizi filelerinizi
3rd plural filelerini filelerini
Dative
Singular Plural
1st singular fileme filelerime
2nd singular filene filelerine
3rd singular filesine filelerine
1st plural filemize filelerimize
2nd plural filenize filelerinize
3rd plural filelerine filelerine
Locative
Singular Plural
1st singular filemde filelerimde
2nd singular filende filelerinde
3rd singular filesinde filelerinde
1st plural filemizde filelerimizde
2nd plural filenizde filelerinizde
3rd plural filelerinde filelerinde
Ablative
Singular Plural
1st singular filemden filelerimden
2nd singular filenden filelerinden
3rd singular filesinden filelerinden
1st plural filemizden filelerimizden
2nd plural filenizden filelerinizden
3rd plural filelerinden filelerinden
Genitive
Singular Plural
1st singular filemin filelerimin
2nd singular filenin filelerinin
3rd singular filesinin filelerinin
1st plural filemizin filelerimizin
2nd plural filenizin filelerinizin
3rd plural filelerinin filelerinin

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nişanyan, Sevan (2002–), “file”, in Nişanyan Sözlük

Further reading[edit]