lixa

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

According to L&S, perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *leykʷ- and so related to linquō. This word is only mentioned by De Vaan in a different sense.

Noun[edit]

lixa f (genitive lixae); first declension

  1. (military) sutler, camp follower

Inflection[edit]

First declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative lixa lixae
genitive lixae lixārum
dative lixae lixīs
accusative lixam lixās
ablative lixā lixīs
vocative lixa lixae

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • lixa in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • lixa in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “lixa”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • lixa” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unknown. Possibly related with Spanish lijar (to sand) or Italian lisciare (to smooth).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lixa f (plural lixas)

  1. sandpaper (paper coated with abrasive material)
  2. nail file (small file used to file fingernails and toenails)
  3. any dogfish shark characterised by rough skin

Verb[edit]

lixa

  1. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present indicative of lixar
    Ele lixa minhas unhas.
    He files my nails.
  2. second-person singular (tu, sometimes used with você) affirmative imperative of lixar
    Tu aí, lixa minhas unhas sozinho.
    You there, file my nails by yourself.