west

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See also: West

English[edit]

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 west on Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English west, from Old English west, from Proto-Germanic *westrą. Cognate with Scots wast, Saterland Frisian Wääste, West Frisian west, Dutch west, German West, Danish vest. Cognate also with Old French west, French ouest, Spanish oeste, Catalan oest, Galician oeste, Italian ovest (all ultimately borrowings of the English word). Compare also Latin vesper.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • enPR: wĕst, IPA(key): /wɛst/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛst

Noun[edit]

west (uncountable)

  1. One of the four principal compass points, specifically 270°, conventionally directed to the left on maps; the direction of the setting sun at an equinox, abbreviated as W.
    We used to live in the west of the country.
    Portugal lies to the west of Spain.
  2. The western region or area; the inhabitants thereof. [circa 1300]
  3. (ecclesiastical) In a church: the direction of the gallery, opposite to the altar, and opposite to the direction faced by the priest when celebrating ad orientem.
    • 1997, John Haskell, John Callanan, Sydney Architecture, UNSW Press (→ISBN)
      In two respects, however, the cathedral [of St. Mary's in Sydney, Australia] differs from English traditions: it is oriented north-south, not east-west; and its main entry is from the south (liturgical west) between the two towers, in the French manner.
    • 2000, Mark L. MacDonald, The Chant of Life: Liturgical Studies Four, Church Publishing, Inc. (→ISBN), page 98:
      The seating for honored persons (clergy) is at the liturgical west, opposite the entrance and lectern.
    • 2007, Patrick Malloy, Celebrating the Eucharist: A Practical Ceremonial Guide for Clergy and Other Liturgical Ministers, Church Publishing, Inc. (→ISBN), page 155:
      In most worship spaces, this will put the thurifer and gospeller facing liturgical west, book bearer facing liturgical east (or the book on the reading desk), and the torch bearers turned inward, facing the book.
    • 2014, Paul Porwoll, Against All Odds: History of Saint Andrew's Parish Church, Charleston, 1706-2013, WestBow Press (→ISBN), page 365:
      Throughout the book I refer directionally to the altar and chancel of St. Andrew's as situated at ecclesiastical east (to avoid overcomplicating matters), not geographical or magnetic southeast. Thus, the altar is located at the east end of the church, and the gallery, at the west.

Coordinate terms[edit]

northwest north northeast
west Compass rose simple plain.svg east
southwest south southeast


Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Also see Appendix:Cardinal directions for translations of all compass points

Adjective[edit]

west

  1. Situated or lying in or toward the west; westward.
  2. (meteorology) Of wind: from the west.
  3. Of or pertaining to the west; western.
  4. From the West; occidental.
  5. (ecclesiastial) Designating, or situated in, the liturgical west, that part of a church which is opposite to, and farthest from, the part containing the chancel.
    • 2008, Philip Temple, Northern Clerkenwell and Pentonville, Paul Mellon Ctr for Studies (→ISBN), page 356:
      Interior in 1925, (left) looking north to chancel and (right) looking south (to liturgical west end) It was on account of this connection that St James's became the clowns 'church', an annual clowns' service being held there ...
    • 2017, Stephen Kite, Building Ruskin's Italy: Watching Architecture, Routledge (→ISBN), page 48:
      as in the mosaic of the ascension on San Frediano's liturgical west (geographically east) façade.
    • 2019, Sarah Hosking, "Coventry Cathedral", in Prickett Stephen Prickett, Edinburgh Companion to the Bible and the Arts, Edinburgh University Press (→ISBN), page 371:
      Spence had decided on a huge image of Christ on the [liturgical] east end [which is the geographic north], filling the entire wall and to be visible through the [liturgical] West Window (Fig. 24.2).

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Adverb[edit]

west (not comparable)

  1. Towards the west; westwards.

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

west (third-person singular simple present wests, present participle westing, simple past and past participle wested)

  1. To move to the west; (of the sun) to set. [from 15th c.]
    • 1596, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, V.prologue:
      Foure times his place he shifted hath in sight, / And twice has risen, where he now doth West, / And wested twice, where he ought rise aright.

Anagrams[edit]


Cornish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English west.

Noun[edit]

west m

  1. west

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch west, from Old Dutch west, from Proto-Germanic *westrą. Compare German West, English and West Frisian west, Danish vest.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

west

  1. (only in compounds) west
  2. westwards

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Afrikaans: wes
  • Negerhollands: west
  • Papiamentu: wèst

Coordinate terms[edit]

  • (compass points)
noordwesten noorden noordoosten
westen Compass rose simple plain.svg oosten
zuidwesten zuiden zuidoosten

Italian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

west m (invariable)

  1. West (historic area of America)

References[edit]

  1. ^ west in Dizionario Italiano Olivetti, Olivetti Media Communication

Low German[edit]

Verb[edit]

west

  1. past participle of wesen

Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English west, in turn from Proto-Germanic *westrą.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

west

  1. west (compass point)
  2. A location to the south; the south
  3. The west wind

Coordinate terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

Adjective[edit]

west

  1. west, western
  2. At the west

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

Adverb[edit]

west

  1. To the west, westards, westbound
  2. From the west, western
  3. In the west

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Northern Kurdish[edit]

Noun[edit]

west f

  1. act of tiring or getting tired

Derived terms[edit]


Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *westrą, whence also Old High German west, Old Norse vestr.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

west

  1. west

Descendants[edit]


Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Old English west.

Adverb[edit]

west

  1. west

Descendants[edit]