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U+C11C, 서
HANGUL SYLLABLE SEO
Composition: +

[U+C11B]
Hangul Syllables
[U+C11D]
See also: -서




섀 ←→ 세

Korean[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Sino-Korean word from 西, from the Middle Korean reading (Yale: syè), from Middle Chinese 西 (MC sei).

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?seo
Revised Romanization (translit.)?seo
McCune–Reischauer?
Yale Romanization?se

Noun[edit]

(seo) (hanja 西)

  1. west
Coordinate terms[edit]
  • (compass points)
서북(西北) (seobuk)
북서(北西) (bukseo)
북(北) (buk) 동북(東北) (dongbuk)
북동(北東) (bukdong)
서(西) (seo) Compass rose simple plain.svg 동(東) (dong)
서남(西南) (seonam)
남서(南西) (namseo)
남(南) (nam) 동남(東南) (dongnam)
남동(南東) (namdong)


Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Sino-Korean word from .

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [sʰɘ(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?seo
Revised Romanization (translit.)?seo
McCune–Reischauer?
Yale Romanization?

Noun[edit]

(seo) (hanja )

  1. police station
    에서 봅시다.
    Seoeseo bopsida.
    See [you] at the police station.

Suffix[edit]

—서 (-seo) (hanja )

  1. office; bureau; station
    경찰 (警察)gyeongchalseopolice station
    소방 (消防)sobangseofire station
    관공 (官公)gwan-gongseogovernment office

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

First attested in the Worin seokbo (月印釋譜 / 월인석보), 1459, as Middle Korean 서〯 (Yale: ). Beyond Middle Korean, see Appendix:Historical Koreanic numerals#Three for related forms.

Pronunciation[edit]

Korean numbers (edit)
30
 ←  2 3 4  → [a], [b], [c]
    Native isol.: (set)
    Native attr.: (se), (seok) (dated), (seo) (archaic)
    Sino-Korean: (sam)
    Hanja:
    Ordinal: 셋째 (setjjae)
  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [sʰɘ(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?seo
Revised Romanization (translit.)?seo
McCune–Reischauer?
Yale Romanization?

Numeral[edit]

(seo)

  1. (archaic) three (before certain classifiers)
    Synonym: (se, more productive equivalent)

Etymology 4[edit]

Modern Korean reading of various Chinese characters.

Syllable[edit]

(seo)

Extended content
  1. 西: west
    (eumhun reading: 서녘 (seonyeok seo))
    (MC reading: 西 (MC sei))
  2. : document
    (eumhun reading: (geul seo))
    (MC reading: (MC ɕɨʌ))
  3. : slow
    (eumhun reading: 천천히 (cheoncheonhi seo))
    (MC reading: (MC zɨʌ))
  4. : clue
    (eumhun reading: 실마리 (silmari seo))
    (MC reading: )
  5. : order
    (eumhun reading: 차례 (charye seo))
    (MC reading: (MC zɨʌX))
  6. : auspicious
    (eumhun reading: 상서로울 (sangseoroul seo))
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑiuᴇH))
  7. : crowd
    (eumhun reading: 무리 (muri seo))
    (MC reading: (MC ɕɨʌH))
  8. : bureau
    (eumhun reading: 관청 (gwancheong seo))
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑɨʌH))
  9. : record
    (eumhun reading: 서술할 (seosulhal seo))
    (MC reading: )
  10. : vow
    (eumhun reading: 맹세할 (maengsehal seo))
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑiᴇiH))
  11. : rat
    (eumhun reading: (jwi seo))
    (MC reading: (MC ɕɨʌX))
  12. : forgive
    (eumhun reading: 용서할 (yongseohal seo))
    (MC reading: (MC ɕɨʌH))
  13. : reside
    (eumhun reading: 깃들일 (gitdeuril seo))
    (MC reading: (MC sei))
  14. : islet
    (eumhun reading: (seom seo))
    (MC reading: (MC zɨʌX))
  15. : pass; pass away
    (eumhun reading: (gal seo))
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑiᴇiH))
  16. : dawn
    (eumhun reading: 새벽 (saebyeok seo))
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑɨʌH))
  17. : hot
    (eumhun reading: 더울 (deoul seo))
    (MC reading: (MC ɕɨʌX))
  18. : unfurl
    (eumhun reading: (pyeol seo))
    (MC reading: (MC ɕɨʌ))
  19. : express
    (eumhun reading: (pul seo))
    (MC reading: (MC zɨʌX, ʑɨʌX))
  20. : rhinoceros
    (eumhun reading: 무소 (muso seo))
    (MC reading: (MC sei))
  21. : potato
    (eumhun reading: 감자 (gamja seo))
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑɨʌH))
  22. : together
    (eumhun reading: 서로 (seoro seo))
    (MC reading: (MC sɨʌ, sɨʌX))
  23. : millet
    (eumhun reading: 기장 (gijang seo))
    (MC reading: (MC ɕɨʌX))
  24. : farmer's hut
    (eumhun reading: 농막 (nongmak seo))
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑɨʌX))
  25. : hoe
    (eumhun reading: 호미 (homi seo))
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʒɨʌ))
  26. : son-in-law
    (eumhun reading: 사위 (sawi seo))
    (MC reading: )
  27. : cotton
    (eumhun reading: (som seo))
    (MC reading: (MC sɨʌH, ɳɨʌH, ʈʰɨʌH, nˠaH))
  28. : divination
    (eumhun reading: (jeom seo))
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑiᴇiH))
  29. : chew
    (eumhun reading: 씹을 (ssibeul seo))
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑiᴇiH))
  30. : filter
    (eumhun reading: 거를 (georeul seo))
    (MC reading: (MC sɨʌ))
  31. : rip, tear
    (eumhun reading: 찢을 (jjijeul seo))
    (MC reading: (MC sei))
  32. : lax
    (eumhun reading: 느슨할 (neuseunhal seo))
    (MC reading: (MC ɕɨʌ, ʑɨʌX))
  33. : oak tree
    (eumhun reading: 상수리나무 (sangsurinamu seo))
    (MC reading: (MC ɖɨʌX))