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U+8A93, 誓
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8A93

[U+8A92]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8A94]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 149, +7, 14 strokes, cangjie input 手中卜一口 (QLYMR), four-corner 52601, composition)

  1. swear, pledge
  2. oath

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1162, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35514
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1627, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3973, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+8A93

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script
誓-bronze.svg 誓-silk.svg 誓-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔljeds, *ʔljed
*ʔljeds
*ɦljeds
*ɦljeds
*ɢljeds, *ɢʷleds
*l'eːl, *ʔljed, *ɦljed
*hleːws, *qʰred
*ʔr'eːd
*sɢʷled
*ʔl'ed
*ʔl'ed
*ʔl'ed
*ted
*ted
*l̥ʰed, *l̥ʰeːɡ
*ʔljed
*ʔljed
*hred

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɦljeds): phonetic  (OC *l'eːl, *ʔljed, *ɦljed) + semantic  (speech).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • sē/sī - literary;
  • chōa - vernacular;
  • sè - vernacular (俗).

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (25)
Final () (35)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑiᴇiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑiɛiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑjæiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑiajH/
Li
Rong
/ʑiɛiH/
Wang
Li
/ʑĭɛiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑi̯ɛiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shì
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shì
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzyejH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[d][a]t-s/
English swear

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16934
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɦljeds/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. vow
  2. swear
  3. pledge

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(seo) (hangeul , revised seo, McCune–Reischauer sŏ, Yale se)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thệ, thề)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.