pledge

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Middle English plege, from Anglo-Norman plege, from Old French plege (Modern French pleige) from Medieval Latin plevium, plebium, from Medieval Latin plebiō ‎(I pledge), from Frankish *plegan ‎(to pledge; to support; to guarantee), from Proto-Germanic *plehaną ‎(to care about, be concerned with). Akin to Old High German pflegan ‎(to take care of, be accustomed to), Old Saxon plegan ‎(to vouch for), Old English plēon ‎(to risk, endanger). More at plight.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

pledge ‎(third-person singular simple present pledges, present participle pledging, simple past and past participle pledged)

  1. To make a solemn promise (to do something).
  2. To deposit something as a security; to pawn.
  3. (transitive) To give assurance of friendship by the act of drinking; to drink to one's health.
    • 1773, Oliver Goldsmith, She Stoops to Conquer
      HARDCASTLE [Taking the cup.] I hope you'll find it to your mind. I have prepared it with my own hands, and I believe you'll own the ingredients are tolerable. Will you be so good as to pledge me, sir? Here, Mr. Marlow, here is to our better acquaintance. [Drinks.]
    • 1852, Matthew Arnold, Tristram and Iseult
      Reach me my golden cup that stands by thee,
      And pledge me in it first for courtesy.

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

pledge ‎(plural pledges)

  1. A solemn promise to do something.
  2. Something given by a person who is borrowing money etc to the person he has borrowed it from, to be kept until the money etc is returned.
  3. A person who has taken a pledge of allegiance to a college fraternity, but not yet formally approved.
  4. A security to guarantee payment of a debt.
  5. A drinking toast.
  6. (with the) A promise to abstain from drinking alcohol.

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