-e

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Czech[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-e

  1. Used to form adverbs from adjectives.
    jednoduše‎ ― simply (from jednoduchý)

See also[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From various suffixes of the Middle Dutch [Term?] adjective inflection.

Suffix[edit]

-e

  1. Used to create the inflected form of an adjective, which is used after a definite determiner, or before masculine and feminine nouns in general.

Etymology 2[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-e

  1. suffix indicating the female form of occupations or inhabitants of countries


Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle Dutch -e, from Old Dutch -i, from Proto-Germanic *-į̄.

Suffix[edit]

-e f

  1. (archaic) Used to form abstract nouns from adjectives; the nouns express the quality of the adjective.
    koud(cold)koude(the cold)
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

From Middle Dutch -e, the ending of the first and third person singular subjunctive.

Suffix[edit]

-e

  1. (archaic) Used to form the singular subjunctive of a verb.

Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the Latin and Italian adverbial suffix -e (as in bene "well"), perhaps reinforced by the Russian adverbial -e found after a palatalized consonant.

Suffix[edit]

-e

  1. -ly; used to form adverbs.
    bona(good)bone(well)
    unu(one)unue(firstly)
  2. -e is the ending for correlatives of place

Derived terms[edit]


Estonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *-ek and Proto-Finnic *-eh. Cognate to Finnish -e.

Suffix[edit]

-e ‎(genitive -e, partitive -et)

  1. Derives nouns from verbs.
    katma "to cover" → kate "cover"
    astuma "to step" → aste "a step"
    võtma "to take" → võte "trick", "mode", "way"
    mõtlema "to think" → mõte "thought"

Derived terms[edit]



Finnish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *-ek and Proto-Finnic *-eh.

Suffix[edit]

-e

  1. Used for forming nouns from verbs or adjectives.
    ottaa(to take (hold of))ote(grip)
    paha(bad, evil)pahe(vice)
    ääntää(to pronounce, enunciate)äänne(sound (in phonetics))

Declension[edit]

Inflection of -e (Kotus type 48/hame, no gradation)
nominative -e -eet
genitive -een -eiden
-eitten
partitive -etta -eita
illative -eeseen -eisiin
-eihin
singular plural
nominative -e -eet
accusative nom. -e -eet
gen. -een
genitive -een -eiden
-eitten
partitive -etta -eita
inessive -eessa -eissa
elative -eesta -eista
illative -eeseen -eisiin
-eihin
adessive -eella -eilla
ablative -eelta -eilta
allative -eelle -eille
essive -eena -eina
translative -eeksi -eiksi
instructive -ein
abessive -eetta -eitta
comitative -eineen
Inflection of -e (Kotus type 48/hame, no gradation)
nominative -e -eet
genitive -een -eiden
-eitten
partitive -että -eitä
illative -eeseen -eisiin
-eihin
singular plural
nominative -e -eet
accusative nom. -e -eet
gen. -een
genitive -een -eiden
-eitten
partitive -että -eitä
inessive -eessä -eissä
elative -eestä -eistä
illative -eeseen -eisiin
-eihin
adessive -eellä -eillä
ablative -eeltä -eiltä
allative -eelle -eille
essive -eenä -einä
translative -eeksi -eiksi
instructive -ein
abessive -eettä -eittä
comitative -eineen

Derived terms[edit]


See also[edit]


French[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-e f

  1. Used to form the feminine of adjectives.
    fort + -eforte

German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-e

  1. used to form nouns from adjectives, sometimes with umlaut of the root vowel; the nouns express the quality of the adjective
    stark(strong)Stärke(strength)
  2. used to form the plural of some nouns, sometimes with umlaut of the root vowel
    Laut(sound)Laute(sounds)
    Baum(tree)Bäume(trees)
  3. used to form the dative of masculine and neuter nouns ending in a stressed syllable (dated except in certain fixed phrases)
    das Haus(house)dem Hause / dem Haus
  4. used to form the 1st person singular present indicative and subjunctive of a verb
    gehen (geh + en) ich gehe (geh + e) / ich geh
  5. used to form the 3rd person singular present subjunctive of a verb
    gehener gehe
  6. used to form the 1st and 3rd person singular past subjunctive of a verb
    gehenich ginge, er ginge (ging + e)
  7. (collquial) contraction of du after 2nd person singular forms of a verb
    habenhaste (hast du)

Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-e

  1. whether, if
    Nem tudom, voltál-e már Budapesten.‎ ― I don't know if you've ever been in Budapest.
  2. Suffix for tag (yes/no) questions.
    1857, János Arany, A walesi bárdok (The Bards of Wales)
    Van-e ott folyó és földje jó?‎ ― Is there a river and is its land good?
    Legelőin fű kövér‎ ― Are the grasses rich on its meadows?
    Használt-e a megöntözés:‎ ― Was the watering useful (i.e. to the meadows):
    A pártos honfivér?‎ ― The rebel's blood?
Usage notes[edit]

Always written with a hyphen. Used in tag (yes/no) questions, but not all such questions use -e: in most cases a question is indicated only by emphasis and question mark. Always attached to the main word (usually the verb) of the predicate of the phrase.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-e

  1. (possessive suffix) his, her, its (third-person singular, single possession}}
    élet(life)az élete(his/her/its life)
Declension[edit]
Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative -e
accusative -ét
dative -ének
instrumental -ével
causal-final -éért
translative -évé
terminative -éig
essive-formal -eként
essive-modal -éül
inessive -ében
superessive -én
adessive -énél
illative -ébe
sublative -ére
allative -éhez
elative -éből
delative -éről
ablative -étől
Usage notes[edit]
  • (possessive suffix) Variants:
    -a is added to back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -e is added to front vowel words ending in a consonant
    -ja is added to back vowel words ending in a consonant or a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-.
    -je is added to front vowel words ending in a consonant or a vowel. Final -e changes to -é-.

See also[edit]


Ido[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Esperanto -e, from Latin .

Suffix[edit]

-e

  1. -ly; used to form suffixes

Usage notes[edit]

Any adjective can be converted into an adverb by swapping the -a suffix by -e.


Irish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-e

  1. Alternative form of -ne (used after -nn in pronouns)

Italian[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-e

  1. Used with a stem to form the third-person present of regular -ere verbs and those -ire verbs that don't take "isco"

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

-e

  1. Romaji transcription of

Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

‎(comparative -ius, superlative -issimē)

  1. -ly; used to form adverbs from adjectives.
Usage notes[edit]

The suffix -e is usually added to a first/second-declension adjective stem to form an adverb of manner.

Examples:
clare(famously, clearly), from clarus(famous, clear)
pulchre(beautifully), from pulcher(beautiful)
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

A regularly declined form of -us.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-e

  1. vocative masculine singular of -us

See also[edit]



Latvian[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-e

  1. Used to derive feminine nouns from masculine nouns (like English -ess).
  2. Used to form (feminine) nouns from verb stems (e.g, iestādītiestāde, skatītskate).

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Femine suffixes that include -e:

Derived terms[edit]



Maquiritari[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-e

  1. Adverbalizing suffix for verbs which results in a participle form; it is always accompanied by the prefix t- and an indicator referring to one of the arguments of the verb (w-, n-, or ∅-)
  2. Marker of circumstantial subordination of movement which indicates the reason for the movement described by the main verb

References[edit]

  • Cáceres, Natalia. Grammaire Fonctionelle-Typologique du Ye'kwana.

Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch -i, from Proto-Germanic *-į̄.

Suffix[edit]

-e

  1. Used to form abstract nouns from adjectives, mostly those expressing physical properties.

Usage notes[edit]

This suffix originally triggered umlaut of the root vowel. This is seen in some words (kelde, from cout), but not in others (coude).

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Category Middle Dutch words suffixed with -e not found


Descendants[edit]

  • Dutch: -e

Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From West Germanic *, from Proto-Germanic *-ê, which survives otherwise only in Gothic (and possibly Old Norse).

Suffix[edit]

-e

  1. forming adverbs from adjectives; -ly

Derived terms[edit]



Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Latin -a.

Suffix[edit]

-e

  1. used to form feminine forms of nouns and adjectives

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle French: -e
    • French: -e

Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Suffix[edit]

-e f

  1. Forms concrete or abstract nouns from existing adjectives ending in -ach.
    cathach(bellicose)cathaige(warlike spirit)

Usage notes[edit]

This suffix palatalises the preceding consonant.

Inflection[edit]

Feminine iā-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative
Vocative
Accusative
Genitive
Dative
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Derived terms[edit]



Romanian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin -ae(first-declension ending)

Suffix[edit]

-e

  1. (plural) -s (feminine/neuter)
Usage notes[edit]
  • This form of the plural is indefinite, and used for feminine nouns in the nominative/accusative and genitive/dative cases which end in , and some neuter nouns (with may or may not take plural -uri):
  • mame, from mamă, fem.
  • vise (also visuri), from vis, neut.
Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin -e(second-declension vocative ending)

Suffix[edit]

-e

  1. Vocative singular (masculine/neuter)
Oh!
Usage notes[edit]
  • This suffixed used with masculine and neuter definite nouns in -l and -ul:
bărbatule!, from bărbatul, masc.
tatăle!, from tatăl, masc.
visule!, from visul, neut.
  • This suffix is absorbed in masculine and neuter definite nouns in -le:
fratele!, from fratele, masc.
numele!, from numele, neut.
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Latin -ere, the ending of the present active infinitive form of third conjugation verbs. Cognate with Spanish -er, Italian -ere, etc.

Suffix[edit]

-e

  1. A suffix forming infinitives of many verbs.
Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-ę.

Suffix[edit]

-e ‎(Cyrillic spelling )

  1. Suffix appended to words to create a neuter noun, usually denoting a young animal, plant, place name or is used as a collective noun.
Derived terms[edit]
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-e ‎(Cyrillic spelling )

  1. Suffix appended to the truncated stem (up to the second syllable) of a proper name to create a masculine or feminine hypocoristic.
    KatarínaKáte
    MàrijaMáre
    JȕrājJúre
    MàtijaMáte

Etymology 3[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-e, from Proto-Indo-European *-e, not a desinence per se but a thematic vowel in e-grade.

Suffix[edit]

-e ‎(Cyrillic spelling )

  1. Suffix appended to the nominal stem to create vocative singular. Used for masculine and neuter a-stems.
    vȗkvȗče (vocative singular)

See also[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-e

  1. Conjugates verbs into the subjunctive mood (archaic except for the past subjunctive of vara: vore)
  2. Marker of definiteness on past participles ending in -ad
  3. Marker of plural on past participles ending in -ad
  4. Marker of definiteness on superlatives ending in -ast
  5. Marker of definiteness on adjectives describing nouns with masculine semantic gender (sex)

Turkish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-e

  1. to (puts the word into the dative case)

Alternative forms[edit]


Tzotzil[edit]

Clitic[edit]

-e

  1. Phrase-final clitic used when an article precedes a word.
    ti vinike - the man

References[edit]