-heit

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German -heit, from Old High German -heit, and ultimately from *haiduz (personality, character,manner, way).[1] Cognate with Dutch -heid, English -hood.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /-ˌhaɪ̯t/, [ˌhaɪ̯t]

Suffix[edit]

-heit f (plural -heiten)

  1. Converts an adjective into a noun and usually denotes an abstract quality of the adjectival root. It is often equivalent to the English suffixes -ty and -ness:
    schön (beautiful) → Schönheit (beauty)
    neu (new) → Neuheit (novelty)
  2. Converts concrete nouns into abstract nouns:
    Kind (child) → Kindheit (childhood)
    Christen (Christian) → Christenheit (Christendom)

Usage notes[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “-heit” in: Friedrich Kluge, “Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache” , 22. Auflage, 1989, bearbeitet von Elmar Seebold, ISBN 3-11-006800-1.

See also[edit]