-bar

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Danish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-bar

  1. -able

Usage notes[edit]

Truncates final schwa: ‎læse + ‎-bar → ‎læsbar.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German -bære, from Old High German -bāri, from Proto-Germanic *bēriz.

The modern vowel -a- is after the adverb form (Middle High German -bāre, Old High German -bāro), which came to be used in predicative and then also in attributive position. This development was especially Low and Central German (compare Middle Low German -bār(e) alongside -bēr(e)). Also cognate with Dutch -baar, West Frisian -ber, Old English -bǣre.[1] Old Norse -bærr (Old Swedish -bǣr). This suffix is said to be West Germanic, so the Old Norse form is probably an early Middle Low German borrowing.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-bar

  1. -able, -ible
    Synonym: -abel

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Friedrich Kluge (1989), “-bar”, in Elmar Seebold, editor, Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache [Etymological Dictionary of the German Language] (in German), 22nd edition, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, →ISBN

Northern Kurdish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From bar (burden; responsibility), ultimately derived from Proto-Indo-European *bʰer- (to bear, carry).

Suffix[edit]

-bar (Arabic spellingـبار⁩)

  1. Used to form adjectives with a figurative meaning of “bearing”:-y, -ed
    tawan (guilt; crime; sin) + ‎-bar → ‎tawanbar (accused, suspected; guilty)

Etymology 2[edit]

From a Germanic language. Compare German -bar, Dutch -baar,

Suffix[edit]

-bar (Arabic spellingـبار⁩)

  1. Used to form adjectives meaning “able to be done”: -able, -ible
    xwarin (to eat) + ‎-bar → ‎xwarinbar (edible)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Cognate with ber (in front of), from Proto-Iranian *upári (above; over), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *upári (above; over), derived from Proto-Indo-European *upér (above; over).

Suffix[edit]

-bar (Arabic spellingـبار⁩)

  1. (rare) in front, beside, or close to

References[edit]

  • Chyet, Michael L. (2020), “-bar III”, in Ferhenga Birûskî: Kurmanji–English Dictionary (Language Series; 1), volume 1, London: Transnational Press, page 32

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Low German -bar.

Suffix[edit]

-bar

  1. -able (in broad terms, but not always). This suffix converts nouns and verbs to adjectives, as well as modifying other adjectives.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Low German -bar.

Suffix[edit]

-bar

  1. -able (as above)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Swedish -bar, borrowed from Middle Low German -bar, from Old Saxon -bari.

Cognate with native Old Swedish -bǣr (Old Norse -bærr), German -bar (from Old High German -bāri), Dutch -baar, Old English -bære.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-bar

  1. -able; create an adjective from a noun or verb

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ -bar in Elof Hellquist, Svensk etymologisk ordbok (1st ed., 1922)

Anagrams[edit]