-ed

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English -ede, -eden, from Old English -ode, -odon(class 2 weak past ending), from Proto-Germanic *-ōd-, *-ōdēdun.

Suffix[edit]

-ed

  1. Used to form past tenses of (regular) verbs. In linguistics, it is used for the base form of any past form. See -t for a variant.
    pointed (as in He pointed at the dog.)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English -ed, from Old English -od(class 2 weak past participle), from Proto-Germanic *-ōdaz.

Suffix[edit]

-ed

  1. Used to form past participles of (regular) verbs. See -en and -t for variants.
    pointed (as in He has pointed at the dog.)

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle English -ed, from Old English -od(adjective suffix), from Proto-Germanic *-ōdaz, from Proto-Indo-European *-eh₂tos. While identical in appearance to the past participle of class 2 weak verbs, this suffix was attached directly to nouns without any intervening verb. Compare also Latin -ātus.

Suffix[edit]

-ed

  1. Used to form adjectives from nouns, in the sense of having the object represented by the noun.
    pointed (as in A needle has a pointed end. - the end of a needle has a point.)
    horned (as in a horned antelope - an antelope possessing horns)
  2. As an extension of the above, when used along with an adjective preceding the noun, describes something that has an object of a particular quality. See bahuvrihi.
    red-haired (having red hair)
    left-handed (having a left hand as more dexterous hand)
Antonyms[edit]
Translations[edit]

See also[edit]


Breton[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate to Cornish -es.

Suffix[edit]

-ed

  1. Suffix denoting plural of certain nouns
    kazhez(female cat) + ‎-ed → ‎kazhezed(female cats)

Derived terms[edit]



Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

-e-(linking vowel) +‎ -d(possessive suffix)

Suffix[edit]

-ed

  1. (possessive suffix) your (second-person singular, single possession)
    kert(garden)a kerted(your (singular, informal) garden)
Usage notes[edit]
  • (possessive suffix) Variants:
    -d is added to words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-.
    -ad is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -od is added to some other back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -ed is added to unrounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
    -öd is added to rounded front vowel words ending in a consonant

Etymology 2[edit]

-e-(linking vowel) +‎ -d(personal suffix)

Suffix[edit]

-ed

  1. (personal suffix) Used to form the second-person singular present tense of verbs (indicative mood, definite conjugation).
    fest(to paint)fested(you paint something, you are painting something)
Usage notes[edit]
  • (personal suffix) See harmonic variants in the table below.

Etymology 3[edit]

-e-(linking vowel) +‎ -d(fraction and frequenative suffix)

Suffix[edit]

-ed

  1. (fraction suffix) Added to an cardinal number to form a fraction.
    ezer(thousand)ezred(thousandth)
  2. (frequenative suffix) Added to a stem to form a verb to indicate repetitive action. No longer productive.
    mond(to say)
Usage notes[edit]
  • (fraction suffix) Variants:
    -d is added to words ending in a vowel
    -ad is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -od is added to some other back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -ed is added to unrounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
    -öd is added to rounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
  • (frequenative suffix) Variants:
    -ad is added to back vowel words
    -ed is added to front vowel words
Derived terms[edit]


See also[edit]


Ido[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French -ée, Italian -ata, Spanish -ada, ultimately from Latin -atus.

Suffix[edit]

-ed

  1. contents of, -ful.
    manuo(hand) + ‎-ed → ‎manuedo(handful)

Derived terms[edit]

Category Ido words suffixed with -ed not found



Old English[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ed

  1. formed into the likeness of, made into, shaped like, having the qualities of
    æppel(apple) + ‎-ed → ‎æppled(apple-shaped)

Welsh[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Brythonic *-hed, from Proto-Celtic *-isetos.

Suffix[edit]

-ed

  1. Forms an equative of an adjective of one or two syllables.
Usage notes[edit]

Causes final b, d and g to become p, t and c, respectively. For instance, teg becomes teced.

Etymology 2[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Suffix[edit]

-ed

  1. Used to form the ordinal forms of five and six.
Coordinate terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ed

  1. Used to form verbal nouns.

Derived terms[edit]