-jük

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Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Possessive suffix.

Suffix[edit]

-jük

  1. (possessive suffix) their (third-person plural, single possession)
    kert (garden) → a kertjük (their garden)
    érme (coin) → az érméjük (their coin)
Declension[edit]
Usage notes[edit]
  • (possessive suffix) Variants:
    -uk is added to back vowel words ending in a consonant
    ház (house) → a házuk (their house)
    -ük is added to front vowel words ending in a consonant
    gyerek (child) → a gyerekük (their child)
    -juk is added to back vowel words ending either in a consonant or a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-.
    kar (arm) → a karjuk (their arms)
    hajó (ship) → a hajójuk (their ship)
    alma (apple) → az almájuk (their apple)
    -jük is added to front vowel words ending either in a consonant or a vowel. Final -e changes to -é-.
    kert (garden) → a kertjük (their garden)
    érme (coin) → az érméjük (their coin)

Etymology 2[edit]

Personal suffix.

Suffix[edit]

-jük

  1. (personal suffix) Used to form the first-person plural present tense of verbs (indicative mood, definite conjugation). The j assimilates to the final s, sz, z, dz.
    szeret (to love) → szeretjük (we love something)
    keres (to seek) → keressük (we seek something, we are seeking something)
Usage notes[edit]
  • (personal suffix) See harmonic variants in the table below.

See also[edit]