fest

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See also: Fest, fêst, Fëst, and -fest

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from German Fest. Related to Middle English feste, from Old French feste, from Latin festum (see festivity); however, the modern word is a borrowing of the German, which shares the same ultimate origin. More at feast.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fest (plural fests)

  1. (in combination) A gathering for a specified reason or occasion.
    Synonym: festival
    a Renaissance fest

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from German Fest, from Latin fēstum (holiday, festival, banquet, feast).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fest c (singular definite festen, plural indefinite fester)

  1. party
  2. celebration
  3. festival
  4. feast
  5. fête

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German vest, from Old High German festi, from Proto-Germanic *fastuz; see there for cognates and further etymology.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /fɛst/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛst

Adjective[edit]

fest (comparative fester, superlative am festesten)

  1. firm; compact; hard
  2. firm; fixed; rigid
  3. firm; steadfast

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • fest in Duden online

Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

[after 1372] Of uncertain origin. Perhaps from Proto-Finno-Ugric *pëčɜ- (color; to color, paint)[1][2] + -t (causative suffix).[3]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

fest

  1. (transitive) to paint
    Coordinate term: mázol
  2. (transitive) to dye
  3. (intransitive) to look in some way
    Hogy fest?What does it look like?
    Synonyms: kinéz, látszik, tűnik
    • 1989, John Updike (author), Árpád Göncz (translator), Így látja Roger [Roger's Version], Budapest: Európa Könyvkiadó, →ISBN, page 203:
      Dale nem festett valami jól; viaszos sápadtsága szinte beteges volt. S mintha izzadt volna; ingzubbonya fölé kockás sportzakót vett, s e kettő nagyon nem illett össze.
      Dale didn't look well for this interview; his waxy pallor had slid over into the sickly. He seemed to be sweating, and he had put on a checkered sports jacket over his lumberjack shirt, with discordant effect.

Usage notes[edit]

The stative types of the sense verbs feel, smell, and taste are uncommon in Hungarian (i.e., those expressing some sensory information conveyed, in contrast to the voluntary actions of using these senses or the involuntary perception). Instead, adjectival (//-jú/-jű) and possessive (-a/-e/-ja/-je van) constructions are used, and these are also applicable for sound. (The first two rows are for action verbs and perception verbs that behave similarly to English.)

see / look hear / sound smell taste feel / touch
Action verb (meg)néz (meg)hallgat (meg)szagol (meg)kóstol,
(meg)ízlel
megfog,
(meg)tapint,
(meg)tapogat
Perception verb lát hall érez
Stative verb látszik, tűnik,
kinéz, fest
hangzik
(érződik)
adjective kinézetű / külsejű
(someone’s appearance)
hangú,
hangzású
szagú (bad or neutral)
illatú (pleasant)
ízű tapintású
possessive kinézete van
… a kinézete
hangja van
… a hangja
szaga / illata van
… a szaga / … az illata
íze van
… az íze
tapintása van
… a tapintása

Examples:

  • Ez a torta citromízű. = Ennek a tortának citromíze van.This cake tastes of lemon.
  • Ez az autó benzinszagú. = Ennek az autónak benzinszaga van.This car smells of petrol.
  • Ez az étel finom illatú. = Ennek az ételnek finom illata van. = Ennek az ételnek finom az illata.This dish smells delicious.
  • Ez a szövet selymes tapintású. = Ennek a szövetnek selymes tapintása van. = Ennek a szövetnek selymes a tapintása.This material feels silky.

On the other hand, certain verbs can express particular sensory impressions, e.g. illatozik (to smell sweet, to be fragrant) and bűzlik (to stink, to reek).

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

(With verbal prefixes):

References[edit]

  1. ^ Entry #841 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
  2. ^ Álgu etymological database, entry #78153 (language: Hungarian, word: fëst-)
  3. ^ Zaicz, Gábor. Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN

Luxembourgish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German vest, from Old High German festi, from Proto-Germanic *fastuz. Cognate with German fest, Dutch vast, English fast, Icelandic fastur.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

fest (masculine festen, neuter fest, comparative méi fest, superlative am feststen)

  1. firm, hard
  2. solid
  3. rigid
  4. fixed, fast

Declension[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Verb[edit]

fest

  1. to feast

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin festum

Noun[edit]

fest m (definite singular festen, indefinite plural fester, definite plural festene)

  1. celebration, party
  2. (religion) feast, festival
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

fest

  1. imperative of feste

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin festum

Noun[edit]

fest m (definite singular festen, indefinite plural festar, definite plural festane)

  1. celebration, party
  2. (religion) feast, festival

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from German fest.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

fest

  1. (Upper Silesia) firmly, strongly

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from German fest.

Adverb[edit]

fest (Cyrillic spelling фест)

  1. (Kajkavian) very
  2. (Kajkavian) intensively
  3. (Kajkavian) tightly, strongly, firmly

Synonyms[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fest c

  1. party, celebration

Declension[edit]

Declension of fest 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative fest festen fester festerna
Genitive fests festens festers festernas

Derived terms[edit]


Yola[edit]

Noun[edit]

fest

  1. fist

References[edit]

  • J. Poole W. Barnes, A Glossary, with Some Pieces of Verse, of the Old Dialect of the English Colony in the Baronies of Forth and Bargy (1867)