fest

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Fest, fêst, Fëst, and -fest

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from German Fest (feast, festival, party), from Middle High German fest, from Latin festum, from which last are also English feast, festival, festivity (see these).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fest (plural fests)

  1. (in combination) A gathering for a specified reason or occasion.
    Synonym: festival
    a Renaissance fest
  2. (in combination) An event in which the act denoted by the previous noun occurs.
    • 2005, Sean Dooley, The Big Twitch, Sydney: Allen and Unwin, page 35:
      That same trip would have to go down as the greatest dipping fest in Australian birding history. I had five target species and never saw one, despite spending a week looking for them.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From German fest.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fest m anim

  1. (archaic) undestroyable person
  2. (archaic) mummy

Declension[edit]

Adverb[edit]

fest (comparative více fest, superlative nejvíce fest)

  1. (informal) firmly, tightly
    Drž to fest.Hold it firmly
  2. (informal) much

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from German Fest, from Latin fēstum (holiday, festival, banquet, feast).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fest c (singular definite festen, plural indefinite fester)

  1. party
  2. celebration
  3. festival
  4. feast
  5. fête

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German vest, from Old High German festi, from Proto-Germanic *fastuz; see there for cognates and further etymology.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

fest (comparative fester, superlative am festesten)

  1. firm; compact; hard
  2. firm; fixed; rigid
  3. firm; steadfast

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • fest” in Duden online

Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

[after 1372] Of uncertain origin. Perhaps from Proto-Finno-Ugric *pëčɜ- (color; to color, paint)[1][2] + -t (causative suffix).[3]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

fest

  1. (transitive) to paint
    Coordinate term: mázol
  2. (transitive) to dye
  3. (intransitive) to look in some way
    Hogy fest?What does it look like?
    Synonyms: kinéz, látszik, tűnik
    • 1989, John Updike (author), Árpád Göncz (translator), Így látja Roger [Roger's Version], Budapest: Európa Könyvkiadó, →ISBN, page 203:
      Dale nem festett valami jól; viaszos sápadtsága szinte beteges volt. S mintha izzadt volna; ingzubbonya fölé kockás sportzakót vett, s e kettő nagyon nem illett össze.
      Dale didn't look well for this interview; his waxy pallor had slid over into the sickly. He seemed to be sweating, and he had put on a checkered sports jacket over his lumberjack shirt, with discordant effect.

Usage notes[edit]

The stative types of the sense verbs feel, smell, and taste are uncommon in Hungarian (i.e., those expressing some sensory information conveyed, in contrast to the voluntary actions of using these senses or the involuntary perception). Instead, adjectival (//-jú/-jű) and possessive (-a/-e/-ja/-je van) constructions are used, and these are also applicable for sound. (The first two rows are for action verbs and perception verbs that behave similarly to English.)

see / look hear / sound smell taste feel / touch
Action verb (meg)néz (meg)hallgat (meg)szagol (meg)kóstol,
(literary)
(meg)ízlel
megfog,
(meg)tapint,
(meg)tapogat
Perception verb lát hall érez
Sta-
tive
verb látszik, tűnik,
kinéz, fest
hangzik
hallatszik
(érződik or archaic érzik)
adjective kinézetű / külsejű
(someone’s appearance)
hangú,
hangzású
szagú (bad/neutral)
illatú (pleasant)
ízű tapintású
possessive … kinézete / külsejevan
… a kinézete / külseje
hangja van
… a hangja
szaga / illata van
…a szaga / …az illata
íze van
… az íze
tapintása van
… a tapintása
Examples:
  • Ez a torta citromízű. = Ennek a tortának citromíze van.This cake tastes of lemon.
  • Ez az autó benzinszagú. = Ennek az autónak benzinszaga van.This car smells of petrol.
  • Ez az étel finom illatú. = Ennek az ételnek finom illata van. = Ennek az ételnek finom az illata.This dish smells delicious.
  • Ez a szövet selymes tapintású. = Ennek a szövetnek selymes tapintása van = …selymes a tapintása.This fabric feels silky.

On the other hand, certain verbs can express particular sensory impressions, e.g. illatozik (to smell sweet, to be fragrant) and bűzlik (to stink, to reek).

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

(With verbal prefixes):

References[edit]

  1. ^ Entry #841 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungary. Internet Archive
  2. ^ Álgu etymological database, entry #78153 (language: Hungarian, word: fëst-)
  3. ^ Zaicz, Gábor. Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN

Luxembourgish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German vest, from Old High German festi, from Proto-Germanic *fastuz. Cognate with German fest, Dutch vast, English fast, Icelandic fastur.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

fest (masculine festen, neuter fest, comparative méi fest, superlative am feststen)

  1. firm, hard
  2. solid
  3. rigid
  4. fixed, fast

Declension[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Verb[edit]

fest

  1. to feast

Mòcheno[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German fëst, from Latin festum. Cognate with German Fest.

Noun[edit]

fest n

  1. holiday, festival

References[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin festum

Noun[edit]

fest m (definite singular festen, indefinite plural fester, definite plural festene)

  1. celebration, party
  2. (religion) feast, festival
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

fest

  1. imperative of feste

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin festum.

Noun[edit]

fest m (definite singular festen, indefinite plural festar, definite plural festane)

  1. celebration, party, festivity
    Synonyms: party, selskap
  2. (religion) feast, festival
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse festr f, derived from fast.

Noun[edit]

fest f (definite singular festa, indefinite plural fester, definite plural festene)

  1. an betrothal
  2. a rope
Derived terms[edit]

In the sense of an engagement to marry:

Related terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Inflected forms of festa, feste (to fasten).

Participle[edit]

fest (definite singular and plural feste)

  1. past participle of festa and feste
    1. fastened
    2. engaged
Alternative forms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

fest

  1. imperative of festa and feste
  2. supine of festa and feste

Etymology 4[edit]

Inflected form of festa, feste (to party)

Verb[edit]

fest

  1. imperative of festa and feste

References[edit]


Old Norse[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inflected forms of festa (to fasten).

Participle[edit]

fest

  1. strong feminine nominative singular of festr
  2. strong neuter nominative/accusative singular of festr
  3. strong neuter nominative/accusative plural of festr

Verb[edit]

fest

  1. second-person singular imperative active of festa
  2. supine of festa

Anagrams[edit]


Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from German fest.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

fest

  1. (Upper Silesia) firmly, strongly

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from German fest.

Adverb[edit]

fest (Cyrillic spelling фест)

  1. (Kajkavian) very
  2. (Kajkavian) intensively
  3. (Kajkavian) tightly, strongly, firmly

Synonyms[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin festum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fest c

  1. party, celebration

Declension[edit]

Declension of fest 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative fest festen fester festerna
Genitive fests festens festers festernas

Derived terms[edit]


Yola[edit]

Noun[edit]

fest

  1. fist

References[edit]

  • J. Poole W. Barnes, A Glossary, with Some Pieces of Verse, of the Old Dialect of the English Colony in the Baronies of Forth and Bargy (1867)