-ja

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

English[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ja

  1. (colloquial) You, ya; only used after a [d] sound.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Estonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Finnish -ja.

Suffix[edit]

-ja ‎(genitive -ja, partitive -jat)

  1. -er; appended to verbal stems to form agent nouns, especially human ones

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]



Finnish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ja ‎(front vowel harmony variant -jä)

  1. Forms agent nouns, especially human ones; -er
    katsoa ‎(to watch) → katsoja ‎(a watcher, spectator)
    tehdä ‎(to do) → tekijä ‎(a doer; a writer, author, playwright; a factor)

Usage notes[edit]

  • If the stem ends in -e-, this changes to -i- before adding -ja.
juosta; juokse- -> juoksija
näytellä; näyttele- -> näyttelijä
  • After /i/, the /j/ may be silent or almost silent.

Declension[edit]

The original verb affects the declension type of the derivation.

If the -ja ending is preceded by -i-, it is declined as kulkija.

Inflection of -ja (Kotus type 12/kulkija, no gradation)
nominative -ja -jat
genitive -jan -joiden
-joitten
partitive -jaa -joita
illative -jaan -joihin
singular plural
nominative -ja -jat
accusative nom.? -ja -jat
gen. -jan
genitive -jan -joiden
-joitten
-jainrare
partitive -jaa -joita
inessive -jassa -joissa
elative -jasta -joista
illative -jaan -joihin
adessive -jalla -joilla
ablative -jalta -joilta
allative -jalle -joille
essive -jana -joina
translative -jaksi -joiksi
instructive -join
abessive -jatta -joitta
comitative -joineen

Otherwise, it is declined as koira.

Inflection of -ja (Kotus type 10/koira, no gradation)
nominative -ja -jat
genitive -jan -jien
partitive -jaa -jia
illative -jaan -jiin
singular plural
nominative -ja -jat
accusative nom.? -ja -jat
gen. -jan
genitive -jan -jien
-jainrare
partitive -jaa -jia
inessive -jassa -jissa
elative -jasta -jista
illative -jaan -jiin
adessive -jalla -jilla
ablative -jalta -jilta
allative -jalle -jille
essive -jana -jina
translative -jaksi -jiksi
instructive -jin
abessive -jatta -jitta
comitative -jineen

See also[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ja

  1. (possessive suffix) his, her, its (third-person singular, single possession)
    barát ‎(friend) → a barátja ‎(his/her/its friend)
    kapu ‎(gate) → a kapuja ‎(his/her/its gate)
    palota ‎(palace) → a palotája ‎(his/her/its palace)

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • (possessive suffix) Variants:
    -a is added to back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -e is added to front vowel words ending in a consonant
    -ja is added to back vowel words ending in a consonant or a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-.
    -je is added to front vowel words ending in a consonant or a vowel. Final -e changes to -é-.

Suffix[edit]

-ja

  1. (personal suffix) Used to form the third-person singular present tense of verbs (both in indicative and subjunctive mood, definite conjugation).
    tud ‎(to know) → Tudja, hogy mit akar. - He/she knows what he/she wants.
    tartalmaz ‎(to contain) → tartalmazza ‎(it contains)

Usage notes[edit]

  • (personal suffix) The j assimilates to the final s, sz, z, dz. See harmonic variants in the tables below.

See also[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ja (Cyrillic spelling -ја)

  1. Suffix appended to words to create a masculine noun, usually denoting a profession, performer or a feature, usually negative.

See also[edit]