-li

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Alemannic German[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-li

  1. forms diminutives of nouns and adjectives

Derived terms[edit]



Eastern Huasteca Nahuatl[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Cognate to Classical Nahuatl -lin

Suffix[edit]

-li

  1. a suffix that makes nouns.

Etymology 2[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-li

  1. Alternative spelling of -lli.

Greenlandic[edit]

Affix[edit]

-li (v-v?, additive?)

  1. (intransitive, with stative verbs) [verb] more
  2. (transitive, with stative verbs) cause to [verb] more

Usage notes[edit]

Fusions with three verbs in the following manner:

angivoq (be large) -> allivoq (become larger)/allivaa (make larger, enlarge)
mikivoq (be small) -> millivoq (become smaller, shrink)/millivaa (make smaller)
takivoq (be long)-> tallivoq (become longer)/tallivaa (make longer)

Derived terms[edit]


Enclitic[edit]

-li

  1. but

Further reading[edit]


Igbo[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • -ri (Owerri, Umuahia)

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-li

  1. Used to form simple past tenses of verbs.
    melili (as in Roger Federer melili Yoshihito Nishioka na US Open.)

Italian[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

-li

  1. enclitic form of li; appended to present active infinitive verb forms to accusative dative forms when the object is third plural masculine person
    dare (to give)darli (to give them)
    vendere (to sell)venderli (to sell them)
    servire (to serve)servirli (to serve them)

Usage notes[edit]

The final -e of the original infinitive is removed :

-are-arli
-ere-erli
-ire-irli

Where the verb ends in -rre, the final re is removed, leaving behind just an -r:

introdurre (to introduce)introdurli (to introduce them)

In any case, after the suffixation, there is only a single r and no vowels immediately before -li.


Latin[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-lī

  1. nominative masculine plural of -lus
  2. genitive masculine singular of -lus
  3. genitive neuter singular of -lus
  4. vocative masculine plural of -lus

Lower Sorbian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Particle[edit]

-li

  1. used after a verb form to introduce a polar question
    Spiš-li?
    Are you sleeping?
    Sy-li Bóžy syn?
    Are you the Son of God?
    Wiźiš-li to?
    Do you see that?

Conjunction[edit]

-li

  1. if
    Coš-li, ga móžoš.
    If you want, then you may.
    Jo-li tam, ga jo derje.
    If he’s there, then it’s all right.
    Zmejoš-li pjeńeze, dosć změjoš pśijaśelow.
    If you have money, you’ll have plenty of friends.
    Maš-li to na mysli, ga cyń.
    If you’re thinking of it, do it.

Synonyms[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-li

  1. Alternative form of -liche

References[edit]


Pennsylvania German[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-li

  1. (diminutive) -ling, -let

Derived terms[edit]


Pitjantjatjara[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

-li (first person dual nominative, bound form of ngali)

  1. we two

Usage notes[edit]

Bound pronouns can be used instead of the regular "long form" pronouns. They act as clitics that attach to the last word of the first noun phrase in the sentence, or the conjunctions ka or munu if present.

Related terms[edit]

Pitjantjatjara personal pronouns (nominative case)
Singular Dual Plural
First person ngayulu (I)
Bound form: -ṉa
ngali (we two)
Bound form: -li
nganaṉa (we, more than two)
Bound form: -la
Second person nyuntu (you)
Bound form: -n
nyupali (you two) nyura (you, more than two)
Third person paluṟu (he/she/it) pula (they two) tjana (they, more than two)
Bound form: -ya

Turkish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-li

  1. with, containing; forms adjectives from nouns. This usage is treated as a "case suffix" and is separated from proper nouns by an apostrophe.
    kafein (caffeine) + ‎-li → ‎kafeinli (caffeinated, containing caffeine)
    İstanbul (Istanbul) + ‎-li → ‎İstanbul'lu (with Istanbul)
  2. of, from; of a nation or place. This usage is treated as a "word-forming suffix" and is not separated from proper nouns by an apostrophe. The demonym formed this way functions equally as an adjective and as a noun. It is commonly encountered in surnames derived from the names of towns and cities.
    İstanbul (Istanbul) + ‎-li → ‎İstanbullu ([a person] from Istanbul)
    Tokat (a city in northern Anatolia) + ‎-li → ‎Tokatlı ([a person] from Tokat)

Antonyms[edit]

  • -siz (only for the first sense)

Derived terms[edit]