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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
來-bw.png
Stroke order
來-order.gif
simpl.
trad.

Etymology[edit]

It is shaped like corn or wheat (similar to ), symbolizing the coming of the crops. Its ancient sound begins with "ml-". The meaning "come" was originally represented by , adding a radical meaning "footprint" or "walk slowly". Their meanings have interchanged. M-remaining is 麥, l-remaining is 來.

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 木人人 (DOO), four-corner 40908)

  1. come, coming
  2. return, returning

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 101, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 581
  • Dae Jaweon: page 214, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 141, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+4F86

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(simplified , Jyutping loi4, Yale loi4)


Hakka[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(POJ lôi (loi5), Hagfa Pinyim loi2)

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. black

Usage notes[edit]

Not used in modern Japanese. The shinjitai character is used instead.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Sinitic .

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

(hiragana らい, romaji rai-)

  1. next, coming (week, year, etc.)
     (らい) (ねん) (らい) (しゅう)
    rainen, raishū
    next year, next week
     (らい)週月曜日 (しゅうげつようび) ()いましょう。
    Raishū getsuyōbi ni aimashō.
    Let's meet Monday next. / Let's meet this coming Monday.

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana らい, romaji -rai)

  1. since, in (a span of time)
    三年 (さんねん) (らい)あれを ()ていない。
    san nen rai are o mite inai.
    I haven't seen that in three years / since three years ago.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Japanese. The verb ku is one of the few monosyllabic verb roots in Japanese. This developed into kuru in modern Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

(irregular conjugation, hiragana , romaji ku)

  1. (obsolete) to approach ones position from a remote location: to come
    Developed into 来る (くる, kuru) in modern Japanese.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(rae>nae) (hangeul [[>]], revised rae>nae, McCune-Reischauer rae>nae, Yale lay>nay)


Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(simplified , Pinyin lái (lai2), Wade-Giles lai2)


Min Nan[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(TLPA lâi (lai5))

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(lai, lay, lơi, ray, rơi, rời)

References[edit]