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See also: and
U+6728, 木
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6728

[U+6727]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6729]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
木-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 75, +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 木 (D), four-corner 40900, composition𠆢)

  1. Kangxi radical #75, .

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 509, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14415
  • Dae Jaweon: page 888, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1149, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+6728

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
木-oracle.svg 木-bronze.svg 木-silk.svg 木-seal.svg 木-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*moːɡ
*moːɡ
*taːw, *moːɡ
*moːɡ
*moːɡ

Pictogram (象形) – a tree: branches on top, roots on the bottom (more visible in earlier forms).

Etymology[edit]

No known cognate exists. It can perhaps be compared with Proto-Karen *məŋᴮ (trunk (of a tree); firewood) (Starostin) or Proto-Lolo-Burmese *ʔmuk (stump (of a tree)) (Schuessler, 2007).

The common Sino-Tibetan root for “tree; wood” is *siŋ ~ sik, represented by (OC *siŋ, “firewood”).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • ba̍k - vernacular;
  • bo̍k - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /mu⁵¹/
    Harbin /mu⁵³/
    Tianjin /mu⁵³/
    Jinan /mu²¹/
    Qingdao /mu⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /mu²⁴/
    Xi'an /mu²¹/
    Xining /mv̩⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /mu¹³/
    Lanzhou /mu¹³/
    Ürümqi /mu²¹³/
    Wuhan /mu²¹³/
    /moŋ²¹³/
    Chengdu /mu³¹/
    /mu¹³/
    Guiyang /mu²¹/
    Kunming /mu³¹/
    Nanjing /muʔ⁵/
    Hefei /məʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /məʔ²/
    Pingyao /mʌʔ⁵³/
    Hohhot /mu⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /moʔ¹/
    Suzhou /moʔ³/
    Hangzhou /moʔ²/
    Wenzhou /mu²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /mɔ²²/
    Tunxi /mo¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /mo²⁴/
    Xiangtan /mo²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /muʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /muk̚¹/
    Taoyuan /muk̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /mok̚²/
    Nanning /muk̚²²/
    Hong Kong /muk̚²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /bɔk̚⁵/
    /bak̚⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /muʔ⁵/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /mu⁴²/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /bak̚⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /mok̚³/
    /vak̚³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (4)
    Final () (3)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /muk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /muk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /muk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /məwk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /muk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /muk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /muk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ muwk ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.mˤok/
    English tree, wood

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 9327
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*moːɡ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. tree
      Synonyms: (shù)
      /   ―  shù  ―  tree
    2. wood; timber
      /   ―  tou  ―  log
    3. wooden
    4. simple; plain; slow; emotionless
      • /   ―    ―  plain spoken, slow and inarticulate
    5. coffin
      •   ―  guān  ―  coffin
      •   ―  jiù  ―  to die (to enter one's coffin)
    6. (Mandarin, neologism, slang) Eye dialect spelling of .
        ―  yǒuyǒu  ―  innit, damn right
    7. numb
        ―    ―  numb, insensitive

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    /ki2/ invalid IPA characters (2): [kɨ], from [ki]

    From Old Japanese. Likely developed from fusion of older form ko + (i, emphatic nominative particle), similar to the sound changes at work in in the shift from kamu to kami.

    Now the modern Japanese word.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana , rōmaji ki)

    1. a tree; a shrub
    2. wood, timber, lumber
    3. (graph theory, computer science) a tree (data structure)
    Idioms[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    Old Japanese. Possibly an intermediate form. Obsolete in modern Japanese, and never found in isolation; remains in certain place names. Even in ancient times, its use was apparently limited to eastern dialects.[2]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana , rōmaji ke)

    1. a tree
      麻都能乃 奈美多流美礼波 伊波妣等乃 和例乎美於久流等 多々理之母己呂 [3]
      松のの 並みたる見れば 家人の 我れを見送ると 立たりしもころ
      まつのの なみたるみれば いはびとの われをみおくると たたりしもころ
      Matsu no ke no / namitaru mireba / iwabito no / ware o miokuru to / tatari shi mokoro
      Looking at the pine trees all in a row, they were just like the people from the household standing to see me off

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    /ko2/ invalid IPA characters (2): [kə], from [ko̞]

    Old Japanese. Likely the original form. Obsolete in modern Japanese, and never found in isolation; only found in compounds and certain idioms.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana , rōmaji ko)

    1. a tree
    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 4[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    もく
    Grade: 1
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (muwk). The goon reading, so likely the original borrowing. Compare modern Cantonese (muk6).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana もく, rōmaji moku)

    1. a tree
    2. short for 木曜日 (​Mokuyōbi): Thursday
      When written in romaji, often capitalized as ​Moku.
    3. wood grain
      Often written .
    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 5[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    ぼく
    Grade: 1
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese . The kan'on reading, so likely a later borrowing. Compare literary Min Nan (bo̍k).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Adjective[edit]

    (-na inflection, hiragana ぼく, rōmaji boku)

    1. (derogatory) wooden, as of a person's character or behavior
    2. (derogatory) wooden, as of a person's mental abilities: blockheaded, stupid, dimwitted

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana ぼく, rōmaji boku)

    1. a tree; more specifically, a living tree
    2. the bent and gnarled trunk or roots of an old tree
    3. wood, lumber
    4. something made of wood
    5. in ancient China, a wooden musical instrument
    Derived terms[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
    3. ^ c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 20, poem 4375); text here

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 나무 (namu mok))

    1. (나무 목, namu-): wood
    2. (as an abbreviation) Thursday

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (mộc, móc, mọc, mốc, mục)

    1. tree
    2. wood
    3. coffin
    4. numbness
    5. jackfruit: Mộc ba la
    6. rose of Sharon: Mộc cẩn
    7. magnolia: Mộc lan
    8. papaya: Mộc qua
    9. the kudzu fruit: Mộc thự