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See also:
U+7BC9, 築
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7BC9

[U+7BC8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7BCA]
築 U+2F963, 築
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F963
篆
[U+2F962]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 䈧
[U+2F964]

Translingual

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Han character

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(Kangxi radical 118, +10, 16 strokes, cangjie input 竹一弓木 (HMND), four-corner 88904, composition )

Derived characters

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References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 892, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 26298
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1320, character 28
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 2998, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+7BC9

Chinese

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trad.
simp. *
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Glyph origin

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Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *tuɡ) : phonetic (OC *tuɡ, *duɡ) + semantic (wood).

Etymology

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According to STEDT, from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *tsuk ~ tsik (to build); cognate with Tibetan རྩིག (rtsig, to build), Proto-Lolo-Burmese *ʔtsukᴴ (to build) (whence Burmese ဆောက် (hcauk, to build)).

On the other hand, Schuessler (2007) derives this from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *truk, whence also Tibetan རྡུག (rdug, to conquer; to vanquish) and Burmese တိုက် (tuik, to dash against; to bump against). STEDT derives the Tibetan word from Proto-Tibeto-Burman *m/r-tuk (cut; knock; pound).

Pronunciation

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Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (9)
Final () (4)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter trjuwk
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʈɨuk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈiuk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȶiuk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈuwk̚/
Li
Rong
/ȶiuk̚/
Wang
Li
/ȶĭuk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȶi̯uk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhu
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
zuk1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhù
Middle
Chinese
‹ trjuwk ›
Old
Chinese
/*truk/
English pound earth, build

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17591
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tuɡ/
Notes

Definitions

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  1. (literary) wooden pestle for pounding dirt
  2. (literary) to pound soil to make it firm; to ram earth
  3. to build; to construct
  4. (literary, or in compounds) house; building
  5. a surname

Synonyms

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  • (to build):

Compounds

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References

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Japanese

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Kanji

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(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. fabricate

Readings

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Korean

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Hanja

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(eumhun 쌓을 (ssa'eul chuk))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese

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Han character

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: Hán Nôm readings: trốc, trúc

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.