Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: and
U+8072, 聲
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8072

[U+8071]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8073]

Translingual[edit]

Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Han character[edit]

(radical 128, +11, 17 strokes, cangjie input 土水尸十 (GESJ), four-corner 47401, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 969, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29166
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1420, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2794, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+8072

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. *

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰreːŋ, *kʰeːŋs
*qʰjeŋ
*kʰeːŋʔ, *kʰeːŋs
*kʰeːŋs
*kʰeːŋs
*qʰeːŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qʰjeŋ): phonetic  (OC *kʰreːŋ, *kʰeːŋs) + semantic  (ear).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • sing1 - literary;
  • seng1 - vernacular.
  • Hakka
  • Min Bei
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • seng - literary;
    • siaⁿ - vernacular.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (26)
    Final () (121)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɕiᴇŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɕiɛŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɕiæŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɕiajŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɕiɛŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɕĭɛŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɕi̯ɛŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shēng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    shēng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ syeng ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[l̥]eŋ/
    English sound (n.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 10514
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qʰjeŋ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. sound; noise; voice (Classifier: c)
      聽到尖叫 / 听到尖叫  ―  Wǒ tīngdào jiānjiào shēng.  ―  I heard someone scream.
      喚醒 / 唤醒  ―  Língshēng jiāng wǒ huànxǐng.  ―  I was roused by the sound of a bell.
      列車逐漸 [MSC, trad.]
      列车逐渐 [MSC, simp.]
      Wǒ tīng lièchē shēng zhújiàn yuǎn qù. [Pinyin]
      I heard the sound of the train dying away.
      槍炮使群眾驚慌失措 [MSC, trad.]
      枪炮使群众惊慌失措 [MSC, simp.]
      Qiāngpào shēng shǐ qúnzhòng jīnghuāngshīcuò. [Pinyin]
      The crowd panicked at the sound of the guns.
    2. reputation
      /   ―  shēngwàng  ―  popularity
      /   ―  míngshēng  ―  reputation
      /   ―  shēng  ―  reputation
    3. news; messages
    4. tone
      /   ―  shēng  ―  the four tones of Classical and Modern Chinese
    5. to declare; to state
      /   ―  shēngmíng  ―  declaration, statement
      /   ―  shēngchēng  ―  to claim, to declare
      /   ―  shēngtǎo  ―  to denounce
    6. Classifier for sounds.
      槍響 / 枪响  ―  shēng qiāngxiǎng  ―  the sound of a gunshot
      我愛你 / 我爱你  ―  shuō shēng “wǒ ài nǐ”  ―  say "I love you"
      多謝 [Cantonese, trad.]
      多谢 [Cantonese, simp.]
      gong2 seng1 “do1 ze6” dou1 mou5 [Jyutping]
      without saying even "thank you"

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. voice

    Readings[edit]


    Kanji in this term
    こえ
    Hyōgaiji
    kun’yomi

    Noun[edit]

    (kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji , hiragana こえ, rōmaji koe, historical hiragana こゑ)

    1. Kyūjitai form of : voice

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (seong) (hangeul )

    1. voice, sound

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (thanh, thiêng, thinh)

    1. voice, sound