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U+7D2B, 紫
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7D2B

[U+7D2A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7D2C]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 120, +6, 12 strokes, cangjie input 卜心女戈火 (YPVIF), four-corner 21903, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 919, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27337
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1350, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3392, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+7D2B

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Spring and Autumn Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
紫-bronze-spring.svg 紫-silk.svg 紫-seal.svg 紫-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*saːls, *sjaːl, *seːs
*ʔsreːʔ, *ʔseʔ, *sʰeʔ, *ʔsreʔ
*zreː
*zreː
*zreː, *ʔseʔ, *ze
*zreːs
*zraːds
*zraːds, *slɯːɡ
*ʔseː, *zeːʔ, *ʔseʔ
*sʰeːʔ, *sʰeʔ
*sʰeːʔ, *sʰeʔ, *ze
*sʰeːʔ
*zeːʔ, *ʔse
*zeːs, *zes
*ʔse
*ʔse
*ʔse
*ʔse, *ʔseʔ
*ʔse, *ze
*ʔse, *sʰe
*ʔse, *sʰe, *ze
*ʔse, *ʔse, *ʔseʔ
*ʔseʔ
訿 *ʔseʔ
*ʔseʔ
*ʔseʔ
*sʰe
*sʰeʔ
*sʰeʔ, *seʔ
*sʰes
*ze
*ze, *zes
*ze, *zes
*ze
*ʔsre

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ʔseʔ): phonetic  (OC *sʰeʔ) + semantic .

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • chí - vernacular;
  • chír/chú - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (13)
    Final () (11)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡siᴇX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡siɛX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡sjɛX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /t͡siə̆X/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡sieX/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡sǐeX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡sie̯X/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 1712
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ʔseʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (~色) purple; violet; dark pink (combination of red and blue colours)
    2. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    むらさき
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese.

    Possibly a compound of (mura, gathering, group) +‎ 咲き (saki, blooming, the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of verb 咲く (saku), “to bloom). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana むらさき, katakana ムラサキ, rōmaji murasaki)

    1. the purple or red-root gromwell, Lithospermum erythrorhizon
      • 905914, Kokin Wakashū (book 17, poem 867)
         (むらさき)のひともと (ゆゑ) () (さし) () (くさ)はみながらあはれとぞ ()
        murasaki no hitomoto yue ni Musashino no kusa wa minagara aware to zo miru
        Because of one shoot of murasaki grass, I feel fondness for all the plants and grasses on the plain of Musashino.[2]
      Synonym: 紫草 (murasakisō)
    2. the root of the murasaki used as a natural dye
    3. Short for 紫色 (murasaki-iro): the color purple
    4. (colloquial, from its purplish color) Synonym of 醤油 (shōyu): soy sauce
    5. (colloquial) a woman
    6. (archaic women's speech) Synonym of (iwashi): a sardine, especially the Japanese pilchard, Sardinops sagax
    7. (historical, from being allowed to wear purple clothing) Synonym of 検校 (kengyō): the highest ranked blind court official
    Derived terms[edit]
    Coordinate terms[edit]
    Colors in Japanese ·  (いろ) (iro) (layout · text)
          (しろ) (shiro)       (はい) (いろ) (haiiro),
     (ねずみ) (いろ) (nezumiiro) (dated)
          (くろ) (kuro)
                  (あか) (aka) ;  (しん) () (shinku),
    クリムゾン (kurimuzon),
     (べに) (いろ) (beniiro),
     (くれない) (いろ) (kurenaiiro)
                 オレンジ (orenji),
     (だいだい) (いろ) (daidaiiro) ;  (ちゃ) (いろ) (chairo),
     (かっ) (しょく) (kasshoku)
                  () (いろ) (kiiro) ; クリーム (いろ) (kurīmuiro)
                  () (みどり) (kimidori)               (みどり) (midori),
     (あお) (ao) (dated)
                
                 シアン (shian) ;  (かも)羽色 (はねいろ) (kamo no hane iro)               (みず) (いろ) (mizuiro)               (あお) (ao)
                  (すみれ) (いろ) (sumireiro) ;  (あい) (いろ) (aiiro),
    インジゴ (injigo)
                 マゼンタ (mazenta) ;  (むらさき) (murasaki)              ピンク (pinku),
     (もも) (いろ) (momoiro)
    See also[edit]

    Proper noun[edit]

    (hiragana むらさき, rōmaji Murasaki)

    1. (historical, colloquial, from 江戸紫 (Edo murasaki, royal purple), where the dye is traditionally made in‎) Edo, the de facto capital of the Tokugawa shogunate
    2. (colloquial) Short for 紫式部 (Murasaki Shikibu): Heian-period novelist and lady-in-waiting
    3. (colloquial, by extension) Synonym of 源氏物語 (Genji Monogatari): The Tale of Genji
    4. a female given name
    5. a surname

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: S
    on’yomi

    /si//ɕi/

    From Middle Chinese (MC t͡siᴇX).

    Also used in the Man'yōshū (c. 759 CE) as 借音 (shakuon) kana for ⟨si⟩.

    Affix[edit]

    (hiragana , rōmaji shi)

    1. purple

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    ゆかり
    Grade: S
    nanori

    From (yukari, affinity, connection).

    Proper noun[edit]

    (hiragana ゆかり, rōmaji Yukari)

    1. a female given name

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ H. Mack Horton (2002) Song in an Age of Discord: 'The Journal of Sōchō' and Poetic Life in Late Medieval Japan, illustrated edition, Stanford University Press, →ISBN, page 333

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (ja) (hangeul , revised ja, McCune–Reischauer cha, Yale ca)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Old Japanese[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Possibly a compound of (mura, gathering, group) +‎ 咲き (saki1, blooming, the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of verb 咲く (saku), “‎to bloom). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

    Noun[edit]

    (murasaki1) (kana むらさき)

    1. the purple or red-root gromwell, Lithospermum erythrorhizon
      • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 14, poem 3500), text here
        牟良佐伎波根乎可母乎布流比等乃兒能宇良我奈之家乎祢乎遠敝奈久尓
        murasaki1 pa ne wo ka mo wopuru pi1to2 no2 ko1 no2 ura-ganasike1 wo ne wo wope1naku ni
        (please add an English translation of this usage example)
    2. the color purple
      • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 12, poem 2976), text here
        我下紐乃色尓不出戀可毛将痩相因乎無見
        murasaki1 no2 waga sitabi1mo no2 iro2 ni idezu ko1pi2 ka mo yasemu apu yo2si wo nami1
        (please add an English translation of this usage example)

    Derived terms[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    • Japanese: (murasaki)

    See also[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (tử, tía)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    References[edit]