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See also:
U+5634, 嘴
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5634

[U+5633]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5635]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 30, +13, 16 strokes, cangjie input 口卜心月 (RYPB), four-corner 61027, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 207, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4256
  • Dae Jaweon: page 430, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 689, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+5634

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms
See notes at .

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ʔseʔ): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *ʔse, *ʔse, *ʔseʔ).

Etymology[edit]

Related to (OC *ʔse, *ʔse, *ʔseʔ, “horn-like hair on the owl-head; beak of a bird; mouth”).

Further etymology is unknown. Schuessler (2007) relates it to Tibetan མཚུལ་པ (mtshul pa, lower part of the face; muzzle; beak), which is from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *m-ts(j)ul (lip; beak) (STEDT).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: substitute for .
Note:
  • chhùi - vernacular (substitute for );
  • chúi - literary.
Note: substitute for .

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡suei²¹⁴/
Harbin /t͡suei²¹³/
Tianjin /t͡suei¹³/
Jinan /t͡suei⁵⁵/
Qingdao /t͡sue⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /t͡suei⁵³/
Xi'an /t͡suei⁵³/
Xining /t͡suɨ⁵³/
Yinchuan /t͡suei⁵³/
Lanzhou /t͡suei⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /t͡suei⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡sei⁴²/
Chengdu /t͡suei⁵³/
Guiyang /t͡suei⁴²/
Kunming /t͡suei⁵³/
Nanjing /t͡suəi²¹²/
Hefei /t͡se²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡suei⁵³/
Pingyao /t͡suei⁵³/
Hohhot /t͡suei⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡sz̩³⁵/
Suzhou /t͡sz̩ʷ⁵¹/
Hangzhou /t͡sz̩ʷei⁵³/
Wenzhou /t͡sz̩³⁵/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕye³⁵/
/t͡ɕy³⁵/
Tunxi /t͡se³¹/
/t͡si³¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sei⁴¹/
Xiangtan /t͡səi⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sui²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /t͡soi⁵³/
/t͡sui³¹/
Taoyuan /t͡sui³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡søy³⁵/
Nanning /t͡sui³⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡søy³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sui⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰuɔi²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sy²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰui²¹³/ 訓讀
Haikou (Min Nan) /sui³⁵/ 訓喙

Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1720
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔseʔ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. beak, later generalized as sense 2
  2. (anatomy) mouth, especially the part of the face associated with the mouth (Classifier: m)
  3. (figuratively) mouth-like object; beak, nozzle, spout (of teapot, etc.)
  4. (figuratively) food
  5. (Cantonese) to kiss

Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. beak; bill

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
くちばし
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi
Wikipedia-logo.png
 くちばし on Japanese Wikipedia

From (kuchi, mouth) +‎ (hashi, tip; edge). The kanji is composed of (kuchi) and (hashi, beak; bill). See also #Etymology 2.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana くちばし, rōmaji kuchibashi)

  1. (anatomy) a beak; a bill
    • 1999 March 1, “スピック [Spick]”, in BOOSTER 1, Konami:
      くちばしがとても (おお)きく、 (おお) (ごえ) () () (よわ) (あい) () (おどろ)かせる。
      Kuchibashi ga totemo ōkiku, ōgoe de naki kinoyowai aite o odorokaseru.
      It frightens faint-hearted opponents with its blaring wails and massive bill.
    • 1999 March 1, “ディッグ・ビーク [Dig Beak]”, in BOOSTER 1, Konami:
      ヘビのように (なが) (からだ)をまるめ、 (かい) (てん)しながらくちばし (こう) (げき)
      Hebi no yō ni nagai karada o marume, kaiten shi nagara kuchibashi de kōgeki.
      It attacks with its beak as its long body coils like a snake.
    • 1999 October 17, “くちばしヘビ [Beaked Snake]”, in BOOSTER 5, Konami:
       (あい) () (なが) (からだ) () ()げ、 (おお)きなくちばしでつついて (こう) (げき)
      Aite o nagai karada de shimeage, ōkina kuchibashi de tsutsuite kōgeki.
      It attacks by pecking at its opponent with its huge beak while constricting them with its long body.

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
はし
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

From (hashi, tip; edge)

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana はし, rōmaji hashi)

  1. (anatomy) a beak; a bill

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eum (chwi))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: chủy/chuỷ

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.