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See also:
U+5634, 嘴
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5634

[U+5633]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5635]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +13, 16 strokes, cangjie input 口卜心月 (RYPB), four-corner 61027, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 207, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4256
  • Dae Jaweon: page 430, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 689, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+5634

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*saːls, *sjaːl, *seːs
*ʔsreːʔ, *ʔseʔ, *sʰeʔ, *ʔsreʔ
*zreː
*zreː
*zreː, *ʔseʔ, *ze
*zreːs
*zraːds
*zraːds, *slɯːɡ
*ʔseː, *zeːʔ, *ʔseʔ
*sʰeːʔ, *sʰeʔ
*sʰeːʔ, *sʰeʔ, *ze
*sʰeːʔ
*zeːʔ, *ʔse
*zeːs, *zes
*ʔse
*ʔse
*ʔse
*ʔse, *ʔseʔ
*ʔse, *ze
*ʔse, *sʰe
*ʔse, *sʰe, *ze
*ʔse, *ʔse, *ʔseʔ
*ʔseʔ
訿 *ʔseʔ
*ʔseʔ
*ʔseʔ
*sʰe
*sʰeʔ
*sʰeʔ, *seʔ
*sʰes
*ze
*ze, *zes
*ze, *zes
*ze
*ʔsre

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ʔseʔ): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *ʔse, *ʔse, *ʔseʔ).

Etymology[edit]

Related to (OC *ʔse, *ʔse, *ʔseʔ, “horn-like hair on the owl-head; beak of a bird; mouth”).

Further etymology is unknown. Schuessler (2007) relates it to Tibetan མཚུལ་པ (mtshul pa, lower part of the face; muzzle; beak), which is from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *m-ts(j)ul (lip; beak) (STEDT).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: substitute for .
Note:
  • chhùi - vernacular (substitute for );
  • chúi - literary.
Note: substitute for .

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡suei²¹⁴/
Harbin /t͡suei²¹³/
Tianjin /t͡suei¹³/
Jinan /t͡suei⁵⁵/
Qingdao /t͡sue⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /t͡suei⁵³/
Xi'an /t͡suei⁵³/
Xining /t͡suɨ⁵³/
Yinchuan /t͡suei⁵³/
Lanzhou /t͡suei⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /t͡suei⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡sei⁴²/
Chengdu /t͡suei⁵³/
Guiyang /t͡suei⁴²/
Kunming /t͡suei⁵³/
Nanjing /t͡suəi²¹²/
Hefei /t͡se²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡suei⁵³/
Pingyao /t͡suei⁵³/
Hohhot /t͡suei⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡sz̩³⁵/
Suzhou /t͡sz̩ʷ⁵¹/
Hangzhou /t͡sz̩ʷei⁵³/
Wenzhou /t͡sz̩³⁵/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕye³⁵/
/t͡ɕy³⁵/
Tunxi /t͡se³¹/
/t͡si³¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sei⁴¹/
Xiangtan /t͡səi⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sui²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /t͡soi⁵³/
/t͡sui³¹/
Taoyuan /t͡sui³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡søy³⁵/
Nanning /t͡sui³⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡søy³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sui⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰuɔi²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sy²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰui²¹³/ 訓讀
Haikou (Min Nan) /sui³⁵/ 訓喙

Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1720
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔseʔ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. (anatomy) mouth, especially the part of the face associated with the mouth (Classifier: m)
  2. (figuratively) mouth-like object; beak, nozzle, spout (of teapot, etc.)
  3. (figuratively) food

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of (“mouth”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Tianjin
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan 嘴巴嘴巴子
Chengdu 嘴巴
Yangzhou 嘴巴子
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang 嘴巴
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Philippines (Manila)
Chaozhou
Wu Suzhou
Wenzhou 嘴嘴
Xiang Changsha 嘴巴嘴巴子
Shuangfeng 嘴巴

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. beak; bill

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
くちばし
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi
Wikipedia-logo.png
 くちばし on Japanese Wikipedia

From (kuchi, mouth) +‎ (hashi, tip; edge). The kanji is composed of (kuchi) and (hashi, beak; bill). See also #Etymology 2.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana くちばし, rōmaji kuchibashi)

  1. (anatomy) a beak; a bill
    • 1999 March 1, “スピック [Spick]”, in BOOSTER 1 (in Japanese), Konami:
      くちばしがとても (おお)きく、 (おお) (ごえ) () () (よわ) (あい) () (おどろ)かせる。
      Kuchibashi ga totemo ōkiku, ōgoe de naki kinoyowai aite o odorokaseru.
      It frightens faint-hearted opponents with its blaring wails and massive bill.
    • 1999 March 1, “ディッグ・ビーク [Dig Beak]”, in BOOSTER 1 (in Japanese), Konami:
      ヘビのように (なが) (からだ)をまるめ、 (かい) (てん)しながらくちばし (こう) (げき)
      Hebi no yō ni nagai karada o marume, kaiten shi nagara kuchibashi de kōgeki.
      It attacks with its beak as its long body coils like a snake.
    • 1999 October 17, “くちばしヘビ [Beaked Snake]”, in BOOSTER 5 (in Japanese), Konami:
       (あい) () (なが) (からだ) () ()げ、 (おお)きなくちばしでつついて (こう) (げき)
      Aite o nagai karada de shimeage, ōkina kuchibashi de tsutsuite kōgeki.
      It attacks by pecking at its opponent with its huge beak while constricting them with its long body.

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
はし
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

From (hashi, tip; edge)

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana はし, rōmaji hashi)

  1. (anatomy) a beak; a bill

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(chwi) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer ch'wi)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.