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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(heart) + phonetic  – a feeling (of the heart).

Note that 昔 has meaning of “past, ending”, hence connotations of “feelings for the past, feeling about an ending – regret, rue”.

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 心廿日 (PTA), four-corner 94061, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 391, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10814
  • Dae Jaweon: page 725, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2313, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+60DC

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (惜), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 心 (16)
Final: 昔
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 思積切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/siᴇk̚/ /si̯ɛk̚/ /siɛk̚/ /siɛk̚/ /siajk̚/ /sĭɛk̚/ /siæk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ sjek › /*[s]Ak/ regret; alas

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13310 0 /*sjaːɡ/

Noun[edit]

  1. pity; regret

Verb[edit]

  1. to cherish; to value greatly
  2. to love dearly
  3. to grieve
  4. to rue; to begrudge

References[edit]

  • Ministry of Education, R.O.C. (2011), “Entry #7255”, Dictionary of Frequently-Used Taiwan Minnan (臺灣閩南語常用詞辭典)[1]

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(seok) (hangeul , revised seok, McCune-Reischauer sŏk, Yale sek)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tiếc, tích)

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