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Translingual[edit]

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (traditional variant, now the standard simplified form)

Etymology[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  + 

Han character[edit]

(radical 134 +8, 14 strokes, cangjie input 竹X卜金 (HXYC), four-corner 77801)

  1. and
  2. with
  3. to
  4. for
  5. give, grant

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1004, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30212
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1460, character 27
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 251, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+8207

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (與), Pronunciation 2/3

Initial: 以 (36)
Final: 魚
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 余吕切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/jɨʌX/ /i̯woX/ /iɔX/ /jiɔX/ /jɨə̆X/ /jĭoX/ /iɔX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ yoX › /*m-q(r)aʔ/ give; for; and

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15901 0 /*laʔ/ 舁分化字

Verb[edit]

  1. to give, to offer
    /   ―  zèng  ―  to gift
  2. to agree, to allow, to permit
  3. to help, to support
    人為善 / 人为善  ―  rénwéishàn  ―  to help others
  4. to get close to
  5. to follow
  6. to befriend, to get along with, to associate with
    /   ―  xiàng  ―  to get along with somebody
  7. to fight
  8. to deal with, to cope
  9. to compare
  10. to wait
    歲不我 / 岁不我  ―  suìbùwǒ  ―  time and tide wait for no man
  11. to choose, to elect

Noun[edit]

  1. clique
  2. allied country
    /   ―  guó  ―  allied country

Preposition[edit]

  1. with
    無關 [MSC, trad.]
    无关 [MSC, simp.]
    zhè shì wúguān. [Pinyin]
    I have nothing to do with the matter.
  2. for
  3. (passive) by
  4. used to introduce the recipient of an action
    人民 / 人民  ―  rénmín wéi dí  ―  to be hostile to the people

Conjunction[edit]

  1. and
    /   ―  shān shuǐ  ―  mountains and waters
  2. rather than
    /   ―    ―  rather than

Proper noun[edit]

  1. A surname​.

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (與), Pronunciation 3/3

Initial: 以 (36)
Final: 魚
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 羊洳切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/jɨʌH/ /i̯woH/ /iɔH/ /jiɔH/ /jɨə̆H/ /jĭoH/ /iɔH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ yoH › /*ɢ(r)aʔ-s/ participate in

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15904 0 /*las/

Verb[edit]

  1. to participate
    /   ―  cān  ―  to participate
  2. to interfere

Pronunciation 3[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (與), Pronunciation 1/3

Initial: 以 (36)
Final: 魚
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 以諸切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/jɨʌ/ /i̯wo/ /iɔ/ /jiɔ/ /jɨə̆/ /jĭo/ /iɔ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15891 0 /*la/ 舁分化字,中加牙表咬牙合力,牙兼聲

Particle[edit]

  1. Used for expressing an exclamatory, doubtful or questioning tone; same as .

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(yeo) (hangeul , revised yeo, McCune-Reischauer yŏ, Yale ye)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(dữ, trở)

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