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U+54AC, 咬
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-54AC

[U+54AB]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+54AD]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 口卜金大 (RYCK), four-corner 60048, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 186, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3543
  • Dae Jaweon: page 406, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 621, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+54AC

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*keːws, *kreːwʔ
*pʰreːws
*kreːw
*kreːw
*kreːw, *kreːwʔ, *ɡreːwʔ
*kreːw
*kreːw
*kreːw
*kreːw, *ŋɡreːwʔ, *qreːw
*kreːw, *kreːwʔ, *kreːws
*kreːw, *kreːwʔ, *ɡreːwʔ
*kreːw, *qʰreːws, *ɡreːws
*kreːwʔ
*kreːwʔ
*kreːwʔ, *ɡreːw
*kreːwʔ, *ɡreːw
*kreːws, *ɡreːws
*kreːws
*kʰreːw
*kʰreːw
*kʰraːw
*ŋɡreːwʔ
*ɡreːw
*ɡreːw
*ɡreːws
*ɡreːws
*ɡreːws
*keːwʔ
*keːwʔ
*keːwʔ
*qeːws
*pqreːwɢ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kreːw, *ŋɡreːwʔ, *qreːw): semantic  + phonetic (OC *kreːw).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • gâ - vernacular;
  • ngāu - literary.
Note:
  • gáu/ngáu - literary;
  • kǎ/kā - vernacular (俗).

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /iɑu²¹⁴/
Harbin /iau²¹³/
Tianjin /iɑu¹³/
Jinan /iɔ⁵⁵/
Qingdao /iɔ⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /iau⁵³/
Xi'an /niau⁵³/
Xining /ȵiɔ⁵³/
Yinchuan /iɔ⁵³/
Lanzhou /iɔ⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /ȵiɔ⁵¹/
Wuhan /iau⁴²/
/ŋau⁴²/
Chengdu /ŋau⁵³/
/ȵiau⁵³/
Guiyang /ŋao⁴²/
/niao⁴²/
Kunming /iɔ⁵³/
Nanjing /iɔo²¹²/
Hefei /iɔ²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /niau⁵³/
Pingyao /ȵiɔ⁵³/
Hohhot /niɔ⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /ŋɔ²³/
/ɦiɔ²³/
Suzhou /ŋæ³¹/
Hangzhou /ʔiɔ⁵³/
Wenzhou /ŋuɔ³⁵/
Hui Shexian /ŋɔ³⁵/
/ŋo³⁵/
/iɔ³⁵/
Tunxi /ŋo²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ʐau⁴¹/
/ŋau⁴¹/
Xiangtan /ŋaɯ⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /ŋɑu²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /ŋau⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /ŋɑu²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /ŋau²³/
Nanning /ŋɛu²⁴/
Hong Kong /ŋau¹³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /gau⁵³/
/ŋau⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ŋau³²/
/kɑ²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kau⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ka³⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ka³³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (28) (34)
Final () (90) (90)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () II II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠau/ /ʔˠau/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚau/ /ʔᵚau/
Shao
Rongfen
/kau/ /ʔau/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kaɨw/ /ʔaɨw/
Li
Rong
/kau/ /ʔau/
Wang
Li
/kau/ /au/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kau/ /ʔau/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiāo yāo
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
No. 6302 6320 6334
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kreːw/ /*ŋɡreːwʔ/ /*qreːw/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. to bite; to snap at; to gnaw
  2. to incriminate; to accuse
  3. to articulate; to pronounce
  4. to be nitpicking on words
  5. (neologism, euphonism) Alternative form of 口交 (kǒujiāo, “oral sex; to perform oral sex on”).

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gyo) (hangeul , revised gyo, McCune-Reischauer kyo, Yale kyo)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(giảo, rao)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.