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See also: and 𫜪
U+54AC, 咬
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-54AC

[U+54AB]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+54AD]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 30, +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 口卜金大 (RYCK), four-corner 60048, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 186, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3543
  • Dae Jaweon: page 406, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 621, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+54AC

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*keːws, *kreːwʔ
*pʰreːws
*kreːw
*kreːw
*kreːw, *kreːwʔ, *ɡreːwʔ
*kreːw
*kreːw
*kreːw
*kreːw, *ŋɡreːwʔ, *qreːw
*kreːw, *kreːwʔ, *kreːws
*kreːw, *kreːwʔ, *ɡreːwʔ
*kreːw, *qʰreːws, *ɡreːws
*kreːwʔ
*kreːwʔ
*kreːwʔ, *ɡreːw
*kreːwʔ, *ɡreːw
*kreːws, *ɡreːws
*kreːws
*kʰreːw
*kʰreːw
*kʰraːw
*ŋɡreːwʔ
*ɡreːw
*ɡreːw
*ɡreːws
*ɡreːws
*ɡreːws
*keːwʔ
*keːwʔ
*keːwʔ
*qeːws
*pqreːwɢ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kreːw, *ŋɡreːwʔ, *qreːw): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *kreːw).

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms

Perhaps Sino-Tibetan; compare Chepang ङेव्‍ह्‌सा (ŋewh-, to nibble) (Schuessler, 2007). The Min vernacular readings are reminiscent of Proto-Tai *giəwᶜ (to chew), whence Thai เคี้ยว (kíao) (ibid.).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • gâ - vernacular;
  • ngāu - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • kā/kǎ - vernacular;
    • ngáu/gáu - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /iɑu²¹⁴/
    Harbin /iau²¹³/
    Tianjin /iɑu¹³/
    Jinan /iɔ⁵⁵/
    Qingdao /iɔ⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /iau⁵³/
    Xi'an /niau⁵³/
    Xining /ȵiɔ⁵³/
    Yinchuan /iɔ⁵³/
    Lanzhou /iɔ⁴⁴²/
    Ürümqi /ȵiɔ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /iau⁴²/
    /ŋau⁴²/
    Chengdu /ŋau⁵³/
    /ȵiau⁵³/
    Guiyang /ŋao⁴²/
    /niao⁴²/
    Kunming /iɔ⁵³/
    Nanjing /iɔo²¹²/
    Hefei /iɔ²⁴/
    Jin Taiyuan /niau⁵³/
    Pingyao /ȵiɔ⁵³/
    Hohhot /niɔ⁵³/
    Wu Shanghai /ŋɔ²³/
    /ɦiɔ²³/
    Suzhou /ŋæ³¹/
    Hangzhou /ʔiɔ⁵³/
    Wenzhou /ŋuɔ³⁵/
    Hui Shexian /ŋɔ³⁵/
    /ŋo³⁵/
    /iɔ³⁵/
    Tunxi /ŋo²⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /ʐau⁴¹/
    /ŋau⁴¹/
    Xiangtan /ŋaɯ⁴²/
    Gan Nanchang /ŋɑu²¹³/
    Hakka Meixian /ŋau⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /ŋɑu²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /ŋau²³/
    Nanning /ŋɛu²⁴/
    Hong Kong /ŋau¹³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /gau⁵³/
    /ŋau⁵³/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ŋau³²/
    /kɑ²⁴²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kau⁴²/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /ka³⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /ka³³/

    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/3
    No. 6320
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ŋɡreːwʔ/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to bite; to snap at; to gnaw
    2. to incriminate; to accuse
    3. to articulate; to pronounce
    4. to be nitpicking on words
    5. (neologism, euphonism) Alternative form of 口交 (kǒujiāo, “oral sex; to perform oral sex on”).

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    simp. and trad.

    Pronunciation[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (90)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kˠau/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kᵚau/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kau/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kaɨw/
    Li
    Rong
    /kau/
    Wang
    Li
    /kau/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kau/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jiāo
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/3
    No. 6302
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kreːw/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Only used in 咬咬.

    Etymology 3[edit]

    simp. and trad.

    Pronunciation[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (34)
    Final () (90)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʔˠau/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʔᵚau/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʔau/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʔaɨw/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʔau/
    Wang
    Li
    /au/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʔau/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yāo
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 3/3
    No. 6334
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qreːw/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Only used in 咬哇 and 哇咬.

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (gyo) (hangeul , revised gyo, McCune–Reischauer kyo, Yale kyo)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (giảo, rao)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.