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See also:
U+54AC, 咬
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-54AC

[U+54AB]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+54AD]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 口卜金大 (RYCK), four-corner 60048, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 186, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3543
  • Dae Jaweon: page 406, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 621, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+54AC

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*keːws, *kreːwʔ
*pʰreːws
*kreːw
*kreːw
*kreːw, *kreːwʔ, *ɡreːwʔ
*kreːw
*kreːw
*kreːw
*kreːw, *ŋɡreːwʔ, *qreːw
*kreːw, *kreːwʔ, *kreːws
*kreːw, *kreːwʔ, *ɡreːwʔ
*kreːw, *qʰreːws, *ɡreːws
*kreːwʔ
*kreːwʔ
*kreːwʔ, *ɡreːw
*kreːwʔ, *ɡreːw
*kreːws, *ɡreːws
*kreːws
*kʰreːw
*kʰreːw
*kʰraːw
*ŋɡreːwʔ
*ɡreːw
*ɡreːw
*ɡreːws
*ɡreːws
*ɡreːws
*keːwʔ
*keːwʔ
*keːwʔ
*qeːws
*pqreːwɢ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kreːw, *ŋɡreːwʔ, *qreːw): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *kreːw).

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Perhaps Sino-Tibetan; compare Chepang [script needed] (ŋewh-, to nibble) (Schuessler, 2007). The Min vernacular readings are reminiscent of Proto-Tai *giəwᶜ (to chew), whence Thai เคี้ยว (kíao) (ibid.).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • gâ - vernacular;
  • ngāu - literary.
Note:
  • kā/kǎ - vernacular;
  • ngáu/gáu - literary.

Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/3
No. 6320
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋɡreːwʔ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. to bite; to snap at; to gnaw
  2. to incriminate; to accuse
  3. to articulate; to pronounce
  4. to be nitpicking on words
  5. (neologism, euphonism) Alternative form of 口交 (kǒujiāo, “oral sex; to perform oral sex on”).

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (90)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠau/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚau/
Shao
Rongfen
/kau/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kaɨw/
Li
Rong
/kau/
Wang
Li
/kau/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kau/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiāo
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3
No. 6302
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kreːw/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 咬咬.

Etymology 3[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (34)
Final () (90)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔˠau/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔᵚau/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔau/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔaɨw/
Li
Rong
/ʔau/
Wang
Li
/au/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔau/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yāo
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 3/3
No. 6334
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qreːw/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 咬哇 and 哇咬.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gyo) (hangeul , revised gyo, McCune-Reischauer kyo, Yale kyo)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(giảo, rao)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.