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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
他-bw.png
Stroke order
他-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +3, 5 strokes, cangjie input 人心木 (OPD), four-corner 24212, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 92, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 370
  • Dae Jaweon: page 195, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 115, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+4ED6

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *l̥ʰaːl): semantic  ‎(man) + phonetic  ‎(OC *laːlʔ)

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (6)
Final () (94)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tʰɑ/
Pan
Wuyun
/tʰɑ/
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰɑ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tʰa/
Li
Rong
/tʰɑ/
Wang
Li
/tʰɑ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tʰɑ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
tuō
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ tha ›
Old
Chinese
/*l̥ˤaj (E dialect: *l̥ˤ- > MC th-)/
English another

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 14765
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l̥ʰaːl/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. (Mandarin) he; him; she; her (originally gender-neutral; nowadays usually referring to males)
      ―  qù le.  ―  He went away.
    認識 / 认识  ―  Wǒ rènshi .  ―  I know him.
  2. other; another
    /   ―  bié wú qiú  ―  have no other request (formal)

See also[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of ("he")
Variety Location Words
Classical Classical
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan 他家
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Taiwanese Raoping
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Taipei
Chaozhou
Wu Shanghai
Suzhou 俚倷唔倷
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng
Standard Chinese personal pronouns
Person Singular Plural
1st () 我們我们 (wǒmen)
inclusive 咱們咱们 (zánmen)
2nd male/indefinite () 你們你们 (nǐmen)
female () 妳們你们 (nǐmen)
deity () 祢們祢们 (nǐmen)
polite (nín) 你們你们 (nǐmen)
您們您们 (nínmen)
3rd male/indefinite 他們他们 (tāmen)
female () 她們她们 (tāmen)
deity () 祂們祂们 (tāmen)
animal () 牠們它们 (tāmen)
inanimate () 它們它们 (tāmen)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Kanji in this term
ほか
Grade: 3
kun'yomi
Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
on'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ほか, romaji hoka) (alternative reading hiragana , romaji ta)

  1. another, other, some other
    この (ほか)にも () (さき)がありますか。
    Kono hoka ni mo yukisaki ga arimasu ka.
    Do you have any other destinations?
    この事業 (じぎょう) () ()するために開始 (かいし)されました。
    Kono jigyō wa ta o risuru tame ni kaishi saremashita.
    This project was started in order to benefit others.

Derived terms[edit]

Idioms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ta) (hangeul , revised ta, McCune-Reischauer t'a)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tha, thà, thè, thơ)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]