Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: , , and
U+4ED6, 他
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4ED6

[U+4ED5]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4ED7]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
5 strokes
Stroke order
他-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +3, 5 strokes, cangjie input 人心木 (OPD), four-corner 24212, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 92, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 370
  • Dae Jaweon: page 195, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 115, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+4ED6

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
l̥ʰaːl
l̥ʰaːl, *l̥ʰaːls
l'aːl
l'aːl, *l'al
ljalʔ
ɦljaːl, *hljal, *hljals
ɦljal, *laːlʔ, *lal
laːlʔ
hleːl
l'eːls
l̥ʰalʔ, *l'alʔ, *lal
l̥ʰalʔ, *lalʔ
l'al
l'alʔ, *hljalʔ
hljal, *hljals
hljal
hljal
hljalʔ
lal
lel, *lalʔ
lel
lal, *lalʔ
lal, *lalʔ
lal, *lalʔ
lalʔ
lalʔ
lalʔ
lals, *ɦljels, *lels
l'els

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *l̥ʰaːl): semantic  (man) + phonetic  (OC *laːlʔ).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • thaⁿ/tha - vernacular;
  • tho - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (6)
Final () (94)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tʰɑ/
Pan
Wuyun
/tʰɑ/
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰɑ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tʰa/
Li
Rong
/tʰɑ/
Wang
Li
/tʰɑ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tʰɑ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
tuō
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ tha ›
Old
Chinese
/*l̥ˤaj/ (E dialect: *l̥ˤ- > MC th-)
English another

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 14765
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l̥ʰaːl/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. (chiefly Mandarin, Jin, Xiang, dialectal Wu) he; him; she; her (originally gender-neutral; nowadays usually referring to males)
      ―  qù le.  ―  He went away.
    認識 / 认识  ―  Wǒ rènshi .  ―  I know him.
  2. other; another
    /   ―  bié wú qiú  ―  have no other request (formal)
  3. A surname​.

See also[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of (“he”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Tianjin
Harbin
Shenyang
Hailar
Ulan Hot
Tongliao
Chifeng
Baochang
Bayanhot
Jinan
Muping
Luoyang
Jiedian
Xi'an
Xining
Xuzhou
Yinchuan
Lanzhou
Ürümqi
Wuhan 他家
Chengdu
Guiyang
Guilin
Liuzhou
Kunming
Yangzhou
Nanjing
Hefei
Nantong
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Shunde
Zhongshan
Dongguan
Hong Kong (Weitou)
Taishan
Doumen
Kaiping
Shaoguan
Yunfu
Yangjiang
Xinyi
Lianjiang
Nanning
Wuzhou
Yulin
Hepu
Kuala Lumpur
Gan Nanchang
Lichuan
Pingxiang
Hakka Meixian
Xingning
Huidong
Qujiang
Xiaosanjiang
Luchuan
Changting
Pingyu
Wuping
Liancheng
Ninghua
Yudu
Ruijin
Shicheng
Shangyou
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Hong Kong
Sabah
Senai
Singkawang
Huizhou Jixi
Jin Taiyuan
Xinzhou
Jining
Hohhot
Baotou
Dongsheng
Linhe
Haibowan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Fuqing
Matsu
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Taichung
Wuqi
Hsinchu
Taitung
Lukang
Yilan
Magong
Penang
Singapore
Pingnan
Chaozhou
Shantou
Haifeng
Johor Bahru
Haikou
Leizhou
Puxian Min Putian
Xianyou
Pinghua Nanning
Guilin
Wu Shanghai
Suzhou 俚倷唔倷
Hangzhou
Wenzhou
Chongming
Danyang
Jinhua
Tangxi 渠儂
Ningbo 渠儂
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng
Loudi
Quanzhou
Standard Chinese personal pronouns
Person Singular Plural
1st () 我們我们 (wǒmen)
inclusive 咱們咱们 (zánmen)
2nd male/indefinite () 你們你们 (nǐmen)
female () 妳們你们 (nǐmen)
deity () 祢們祢们 (nǐmen)
polite (nín) 你們你们 (nǐmen)
您們您们 (nínmen)
3rd male/indefinite 他們他们 (tāmen)
female () 她們她们 (tāmen)
deity () 祂們祂们 (tāmen)
animal () 牠們它们 (tāmen)
inanimate () 它們它们 (tāmen)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Kanji in this term
ほか
Grade: 3
kun’yomi
Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
on’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ほか, rōmaji hoka) (alternative reading hiragana , romaji ta)

  1. another, other, some other
    この (ほか)にも () (さき)がありますか。
    Kono hoka ni mo yukisaki ga arimasu ka.
    Do you have any other destinations?
    この () (ぎょう) () ()するために開始 (かいし)されました。
    Kono jigyō wa ta o risuru tame ni kaishi saremashita.
    This project was started in order to benefit others.

Derived terms[edit]

Idioms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ta) (hangeul , revised ta, McCune-Reischauer t'a)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tha, thà, thè, thơ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]