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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 162 +7, 11 strokes, cangjie input 卜竹土口 (YHGR), four-corner 34306, composition)

  1. construct, build, make, begin
  2. prepare

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1258, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38898
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1746, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3841, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+9020

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡sɑu⁵¹/
Harbin /t͡sau⁵³/
Tianjin /t͡sɑu⁵³/
Jinan /t͡sɔ²¹/
Qingdao /t͡sɔ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡sau³¹²/
Xi'an /t͡sʰau⁴⁴/
Xining /t͡sɔ²¹³/
Yinchuan /t͡sɔ¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡sɔ¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡sɔ²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡sʰau³⁵/
Chengdu /t͡sʰau¹³/
/t͡sau¹³/
Guiyang /t͡sʰao²¹³/
Kunming /t͡sʰɔ²¹²/
Nanjing /t͡sɔo⁴⁴/
Hefei /t͡sʰɔ⁵³/
/t͡sɔ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰau⁴⁵/
Pingyao /t͡sʰɔ³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡sɔ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /zɔ¹³/
Suzhou /zæ³¹/
Hangzhou /d͡zɔ¹³/
Wenzhou /zɜ³⁵/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰɔ²²/
Tunxi /t͡sʰə²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰau⁵⁵/ 建~
/t͡sau¹¹/ ~孽
Xiangtan /t͡sʰaɯ⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɑu²¹/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰau⁵³/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰo⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sou²²/
Nanning /t͡su²²/
Hong Kong /t͡sou²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰo²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰɔ²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sau⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sau³⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /tau³³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (15)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zɑuX/ /d͡zʱɑuX/ /d͡zɑuX/ /d͡zɑuX/ /d͡zawX/ /d͡zɑuX/ /d͡zɑuX/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (14)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰɑuH/ /t͡sʰɑuH/ /t͡sʰɑuH/ /t͡sʰɑuH/ /t͡sʰawH/ /t͡sʰɑuH/ /t͡sʰɑuH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zào ‹ dzawX › /*[dzˤ]uʔ/ make
zào ‹ tshawH › /*(mə-)tsʰˤuʔ-s/ go to

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3799 1 /*skʰuːɡs/
3803 1 /*sɡuːʔ/

Verb[edit]

  1. to make, to build
    • John 1.3
      万物是借着他的。凡被造的,没有一样不是借着他造的。
      Wànwù shì jièzhe tā zào de. Fán beì zào de, méiyǒu yīyàng búshì jièzhe tā zào de.
      All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made.
  2. to create; to make
  3. to manufacture; to make; to produce
  4. to make up; to invent; to manufacture
  5. to build
  6. to arrive at; to reach
  7. (law) a party concerned in the suit
  8. an era; a period
  9. to institute
  10. (Mandarin) Eye dialect spelling of 知道 ‎(zhīdào).
    [MSC, trad.]
    [MSC, simp.]
    zào ma? [Pinyin]
    Didja know?

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. create, make, physique, structure

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jo) (hangeul , revised jo, McCune-Reischauer cho, Yale co)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tạo, xáo, xạo, tháo)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.