Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 169 +4, 12 strokes, cangjie input 日弓一廿 (ANMT), four-corner 77441, composition)

  1. to open
  2. initiate, begin, start

Synonyms[edit]

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1331, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41233
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1835, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4286, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+958B

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms 𫔭 obsolete Singapore simp.
𨵑

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
開-bigseal.svg 開-seal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(door) +  ‎(latch) +  ‎(a pair of hands) — a pair of hands opening a latched door. and are combined into since the seal script.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (29)
Final () (41)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰʌi/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰəi/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰɒi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰəj/
Li
Rong
/kʰᴀi/
Wang
Li
/kʰɒi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰɑ̆i/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
kāi
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
kāi kāi
Middle
Chinese
‹ khoj › ‹ khoj ›
Old
Chinese
/*Nə-[k]ʰˤəj/ /*[k]ʰˤəj/
English to open (v.i.) to open (v.t.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7348
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰɯːl/

Etymology 1[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology Scriptorium.

Definitions[edit]

  1. to open
  2. to start; to turn on; to switch on
    • 電燈 / 电灯  ―  kāi diàndēng  ―  to switch the light on
    • 電腦 / 电脑  ―  kāi diànnǎo  ―  to turn on the computer
  3. to begin; to start
  4. to boil
  5. to write out (a prescription, check, invoice, etc.)
  6. to book (a hotel room)
  7. to operate; to drive (a vehicle)
  8. apart; away
  9. (Cantonese) Habitual aspect particle.
  10. A surname​.

Antonyms[edit]

  • (to open, to turn on): (guān)
  • (apart): (Cantonese) (mái)

Etymology 2[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. Short for 開爾文开尔文 (kāi'ěrwén, “kelvin”).

Etymology 3[edit]

Borrowing from English K, abbreviation of karat.

Definitions[edit]

  1. karat

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Ryakuji for 開, based on ryakuji for ; compare also and 𫔭.

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. open

Readings[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

  • (to open):

Derived terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gae) (hangeul , revised gae, McCune-Reischauer kae, Yale kay)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(khai, khơi, khui)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.