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See also:
U+958B, 開
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-958B

[U+958A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+958C]
開 U+2F9EE, 開
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F9EE
𨯺
[U+2F9ED]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 䦕
[U+2F9EF]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 169, +4, 12 strokes, cangjie input 日弓一廿 (ANMT), four-corner 77441, composition(U+958B) or ⿵(U+2F9EE))

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Qin slip script Ancient script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
開-slip.svg 開-ancient.svg 開-seal.svg 開-bigseal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (door) +  (latch) +  (a pair of hands) — a pair of hands opening a latched door. and are combined into since the seal script.

Etymology 1[edit]

trad.
simp. *
alternative forms 𫔭 obsolete Singapore simp.
𨵑

According to STEDT, from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *m/s-k(w)a-j (mouth; opening; spread; door; face; jaw). Cognate with (OC *ɡʷaːʔ, “door”), Tibetan (kha, mouth), Tibetan སྒོ (sgo, door).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • kŭi - vernacular;
  • kăi - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • khui - vernacular;
    • khai - literary.
    Note:
    • kui1 - vernacular;
    • kai1 - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (29)
    Final () (41)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kʰʌi/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʰəi/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kʰɒi/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kʰəj/
    Li
    Rong
    /kʰᴀi/
    Wang
    Li
    /kʰɒi/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kʰɑ̆i/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    kāi
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    kāi kāi
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ khoj › ‹ khoj ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*Nə-[k]ʰˁəj/ /*[k]ʰˁəj/
    English to open (v.i.) to open (v.t.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 7348
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰɯːl/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to open; to unlatch; to unfasten
    2. to start; to turn on; to switch on
      • 電燈 / 电灯  ―  kāi diàndēng  ―  to switch the light on
      • 電腦 / 电脑  ―  kāi diànnǎo  ―  to turn on the computer
    3. to begin; to start
    4. to boil; to seethe
    5. to write out (a prescription, check, invoice, etc.)
    6. to book (a hotel room)
    7. to operate/run a business
    8. to operate; to drive (a vehicle)
    9. apart; away
    10. (Cantonese) Habitual aspect particle.
    11. (physics) Short for 開爾文开尔文 (kāi'ěrwén, “kelvin”).
    12. (Chinese phonetics) Short for 開口开口 (kāikǒu, “open-mouthed”).
    13. A surname​.
    Synonyms[edit]
    Antonyms[edit]
    Compounds[edit]
    Descendants[edit]
    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: (かい) (kai)
    • Vietnamese: khai ()

    Others:

    • Lao: ໄຂ (khai, open)
    • Thai: ไข (kǎi, open)
    • Zhuang: hai (open)

    Etymology 2[edit]

    trad.
    simp. *
    alternative forms 𫔭 obsolete Singapore simp.
    K

    Borrowed from English K (karat).

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. karat (measure of gold purity)
    Compounds[edit]

    Japanese[edit]

    Ryakuji for 開, based on ryakuji for ; compare also and 𫔭.

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. open

    Readings[edit]

    Antonyms[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    かい
    Grade: 3
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (MC kʰʌi).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Affix[edit]

    (かい) (kai

    1. open
    2. start; beginning

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (gae) (hangeul )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (khai, khơi, khui)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.