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See also: and
U+95DC, 關
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-95DC

[U+95DB]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+95DD]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 169, +11, 19 strokes, cangjie input 日弓女戈廿 (ANVIT), four-corner 77772, composition𢇇)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1341, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41470
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1845, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4316, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+95DC

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. *
variant forms
𨶚
𢇅
𬮦 Singapore simp.
Wikipedia has an article on:
關姓

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡ·roːlʔ, *ɡ·roːnʔ
*kroːn
*kroːn
*ɡ·ron

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kroːn): semantic  (door) + phonetic 𢇅 – to stop the door from opening with a wooden stick.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • guŏng - vernacular;
  • guăng - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • koaiⁿ/kuiⁿ/koaⁿ - vernacular;
    • koan - literary.
    Note:
    • guên1 - vernacular;
    • guêng1 - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (70)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kˠuan/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʷᵚan/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kuɐn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kwaɨn/
    Li
    Rong
    /kuan/
    Wang
    Li
    /kwan/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kwan/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    guān
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    guān guān guān
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kwæn › ‹ kwæn › ‹ kwæn ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[k]ˁro[n]/ /*[k]ˁro[n]/ /*kˁro[n]/
    English barrier 關關 kwæn.kwæn [bird’s cry] 間關 sound of a chariot"s linchpin (Ode 218.1)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 8640
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kroːn/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to close; to shut
      Antonyms: (kāi)
      窗子 / 窗子  ―  guān chuāngzi  ―  close the window
    2. to lock up; to detain
    3. to turn off; to switch off
      電燈 / 电灯  ―  guān diàndēng  ―  to switch the light off
    4. to concern; to implicate; to relate to
      /   ―  Zhè bù guān wǒ de shì.  ―  It does not concern me.
    5. frontier pass
    6. relation (family/contacts)
    7. A surname​.

    Synonyms[edit]

    • (Cantonese, Hakka) (shuān)

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. a pass, such as in a mountain range
    2. relation, relationship

    Readings[edit]

    Usage notes[edit]

    Not used in modern Japanese. Superseded by the shinjitai character .


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (gwan, wan) (hangeul , , revised gwan, wan, McCune–Reischauer kwan, wan, Yale kwan, wan)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Việt readings: quan, quân

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.