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See also: and
U+95DC, 關
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-95DC

[U+95DB]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+95DD]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 169, +11, 19 strokes, cangjie input 日弓女戈廿 (ANVIT), four-corner 77772, composition𢇇)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1341, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41470
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1845, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4316, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+95DC

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. *
alternative forms
 

𨶚
𢇅
𬮦 Singapore simp.

𨶚
𢇅
𬮦 Singapore simp.

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Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kroːn): semantic  (door) + phonetic 𢇅 – to stop the door from opening with a wooden stick.

The bronze inscription was in the form of (“door”) + (“door closed”). might also serve as a phonetic component.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • guŏng - vernacular;
  • guăng - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • koaiⁿ/kuiⁿ/koaⁿ - vernacular;
    • koan - literary (incl. surname).
    Note:
    • guên1 - vernacular;
    • guêng1 - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (70)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kˠuan/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʷᵚan/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kuɐn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kwaɨn/
    Li
    Rong
    /kuan/
    Wang
    Li
    /kwan/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kwan/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    guān
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    guān guān guān
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kwæn › ‹ kwæn › ‹ kwæn ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[k]ˁro[n]/ /*[k]ˁro[n]/ /*kˁro[n]/
    English barrier 關關 kwæn.kwæn [bird’s cry] 間關 sound of a chariot"s linchpin (Ode 218.1)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 8640
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kroːn/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to close; to shut
      窗子 / 窗子  ―  guān chuāngzi  ―  close the window
      聖誕節店鋪 [MSC, trad.]
      圣诞节店铺 [MSC, simp.]
      Tā zài shèngdànjié shí guān le diànpū. [Pinyin]
      He shut up his shop at Christmas.
      Antonym: (kāi)
    2. to lock up; to detain
      囚犯單人牢房 [MSC, trad.]
      囚犯单人牢房 [MSC, simp.]
      Nà qiúfàn bèi guān zài dānrén láofáng nèi. [Pinyin]
      The prisoner was locked in a cell.
    3. to turn off; to switch off
      電燈 / 电灯  ―  guān diàndēng  ―  to switch the light off
    4. (literary) to go through; to pass
    5. to concern; to implicate; to relate to
      /   ―  Zhè bù guān wǒ de shì.  ―  It does not concern me.
    6. frontier pass; border control; checkpoint (controlled passage)
      /   ―  hǎiguān  ―  customs (literally, "maritime checkpoint")
    7. (video games) Short for 關卡关卡 (guānqiǎ, “level”).
    8. relation (family/contacts)
    9. A surname​.

    Synonyms[edit]

    • (to turn off):
      • (Cantonese, Hakka)
      • (Cantonese) (sik1)
      • (Singapore Hokkien) (khàm)

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: (かん) (kan)
    • Korean: (, gwan)
    • Vietnamese: quan ()

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. Kyūjitai form of

    Readings[edit]

    Proper noun[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    せき
    Hyōgaiji
    kun’yomi

    (せき) (Seki

    1. a surname

    Korean[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC kˠuan).

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 빗장 (bitjang gwan))

    1. Hanja form? of (relation; barrier).

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    From Middle Chinese / (MC ʔˠuan).

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 당길 (danggil wan))

    1. (literary Chinese) Alternative form of (Hanja form? of (stretching a bow; to draw a bow).)

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: quan

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.