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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 57 +19, 22 strokes, cangjie input 女火弓 (VFN), four-corner 22207, composition)

Definition[edit]

  1. bend, curve

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 361, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9904
  • Dae Jaweon: page 680, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1005, character 22
  • Unihan data for U+5F4E

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(bow) + phonetic , "to draw a bow".

Etymology[edit]

May be cognate with .

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (彎), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 影 (34)
Final: 刪
Division: II

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 烏關切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔɣuan/ /ʔwan/ /ʔuan/ /ʔʷɯan/ /ʔwaɨn/ /wan/ /ʔuɐn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
8626 3 /*qroːn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to bend, to make bent
  2. to draw a bow
  3. bent, curved, crooked, arched
  4. (neologism, opposite of (“straight”)) gay, homosexual
  5. a bend, turn, curve, crook
  6. ()
    1. a bend in a river
    2. a bend in the coastline; bay, gulf
  7. Classifier for bent objects, such as a quarter moon.

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (彎):


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. bend, curve
  2. stretching a bow

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
わん
Hyōgaiji
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(*quan). Compare modern Mandarin traditional and simplified ‎(wān).

Note that this character is replaced in modern Japanese by the simplified character ‎(wan), rather than the simplified Chinese character ‎(wān, bend, curve). The Japanese simplified version means bay or inlet when used on its own, but now also includes the bend, curve meanings when used in compounds.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji , hiragana わん, romaji wan)

  1. a bend, a curve

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(man) (hangeul , revised man, McCune-Reischauer man, Yale man)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(loan, thoăn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.