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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 57 +19, 22 strokes, cangjie input 女火弓 (VFN), four-corner 22207, composition)

Definitions[edit]

  1. bend, curve

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 361, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9904
  • Dae Jaweon: page 680, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1005, character 22
  • Unihan data for U+5F4E

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(bow) + phonetic , "to draw a bow".

Etymology[edit]

May be cognate with .

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /uan⁵⁵/
Harbin /uan⁴⁴/
Tianjin /van²¹/
Jinan /vã²¹³/
Qingdao /vã²¹³/
Zhengzhou /uan²⁴/
Xi'an /uã²¹/
Xining /uã²¹³/
Yinchuan /van⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /vɛ̃n³¹/
Ürümqi /van⁴⁴/
Wuhan /uan⁵⁵/
Chengdu /uan⁵⁵/
Guiyang /uan⁵⁵/
Kunming /uã̠⁴⁴/
Nanjing /uaŋ³¹/
Hefei /uæ̃²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /væ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /uɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /væ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ue⁵³/
Suzhou /ue̞⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ʔuõ³³/
Wenzhou /v̠a³³/
Hui Shexian /uɛ³¹/
Tunxi /uːə¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /uan³³/
Xiangtan /uan³³/
Gan Nanchang /uan⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /van⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /vɑn²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /wan⁵³/
Nanning /wan⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /wan⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /uan⁵⁵/
/uãi⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /uaŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /yiŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /uaŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /uaŋ²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (34)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔɣuan/ /ʔwan/ /ʔuan/ /ʔʷɯan/ /ʔwaɨn/ /wan/ /ʔuɐn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
8626 3 /*qroːn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to bend, to make bent
  2. to draw a bow
  3. bent, curved, crooked, arched
  4. (neologism, opposite of (zhí, “straight”)) gay, homosexual
  5. a bend, turn, curve, crook
  6. ( (wān))
    1. a bend in a river
    2. a bend in the coastline; bay, gulf
  7. Classifier for bent objects, such as a quarter moon.

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic ():

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. bend, curve
  2. stretching a bow

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
わん
Hyōgaiji
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(*quan). Compare modern Mandarin traditional and simplified ‎(wān).

Note that this character is replaced in modern Japanese by the simplified character ‎(wan), rather than the simplified Chinese character ‎(wān, bend, curve). The Japanese simplified version means bay or inlet when used on its own, but now also includes the bend, curve meanings when used in compounds.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji , hiragana わん, romaji wan)

  1. a bend, a curve

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(man) (hangeul , revised man, McCune-Reischauer man, Yale man)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(loan, thoăn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.