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U+5F4E, 彎
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5F4E

[U+5F4D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5F4F]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 57 +19, 22 strokes, cangjie input 女火弓 (VFN), four-corner 22207, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 361, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9904
  • Dae Jaweon: page 680, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1005, character 22
  • Unihan data for U+5F4E

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*mroːn
*mroːnʔ
*prons
*b·roːn
*b·roːn
*b·roːn
*b·roːn
*b·roːn
*b·roːn, *b·ronʔ
*b·roːn
*b·roːn, *b·ron, *b·rons
*b·roːn, *b·roːns, *b·rons
*b·roːn
*b·roːn
孿 *smroːns, *smrons
*qroːn
*qroːn
*b·ron
*b·ronʔ, *b·rons
*b·rons
*pʰlons, *klons

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qroːn): semantic (bow) + phonetic (OC *b·roːn, *b·ron, *b·rons), “to draw a bow”.

Etymology[edit]

May be cognate with (OC *qʷa, *qʷaʔ, *ɢʷa).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • oan - literary;
  • oaiⁿ - vernacular.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /uan⁵⁵/
Harbin /uan⁴⁴/
Tianjin /van²¹/
Jinan /vã²¹³/
Qingdao /vã²¹³/
Zhengzhou /uan²⁴/
Xi'an /uã²¹/
Xining /uã²¹³/
Yinchuan /van⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /vɛ̃n³¹/
Ürümqi /van⁴⁴/
Wuhan /uan⁵⁵/
Chengdu /uan⁵⁵/
Guiyang /uan⁵⁵/
Kunming /uã̠⁴⁴/
Nanjing /uaŋ³¹/
Hefei /uæ̃²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /væ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /uɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /væ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ue⁵³/
Suzhou /ue̞⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ʔuõ³³/
Wenzhou /v̠a³³/
Hui Shexian /uɛ³¹/
Tunxi /uːə¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /uan³³/
Xiangtan /uan³³/
Gan Nanchang /uan⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /van⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /vɑn²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /wan⁵³/
Nanning /wan⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /wan⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /uan⁵⁵/
/uãi⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /uaŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /yiŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /uaŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /uaŋ²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (34)
Final () (70)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔˠuan/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔʷᵚan/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔuɐn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔwaɨn/
Li
Rong
/ʔuan/
Wang
Li
/wan/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔwan/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
wān
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 8626
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qroːn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to bend; to make bent
  2. to draw a bow
  3. bent; curved; crooked; arched
  4. (neologism, opposite of (“straight”)) gay; homosexual
  5. a bend; turn; curve; crook
  6. (Chinese calligraphy) a bend (such as in , , , or )
  7. ( (wān))
    1. a bend in a river
    2. a bend in the coastline; bay, gulf
  8. Classifier for bent objects, such as a quarter moon.

Coordinate terms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic ():

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. bend, curve
  2. stretching a bow

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
わん
Hyōgaiji
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (*quan). Compare modern Mandarin traditional and simplified (wān).

Note that this character is replaced in modern Japanese by the simplified character (wan), rather than the simplified Chinese character (wān, bend, curve). The Japanese simplified version means bay or inlet when used on its own, but now also includes the bend, curve meanings when used in compounds.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji , hiragana わん, romaji wan)

  1. a bend, a curve

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(man) (hangeul , revised man, McCune-Reischauer man, Yale man)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(loan, thoăn)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.