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See also:
U+470C, 䜌
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-470C

[U+470B]
CJK Unified Ideographs Extension A
[U+470D]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 149, +12, 19 strokes, cangjie input 女火卜口火 (VFYRF), composition(G) or ⿲糹(T) or ⿲糸(JK))

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
䜌-bronze.svg 䜌-seal.svg 䜌-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*mroːn
*mroːnʔ
*prons
*b·roːn
*b·roːn
*b·roːn
*b·roːn
*b·roːn
*b·roːn, *b·ronʔ
*b·roːn
*b·roːn, *b·ron, *b·rons
*b·roːn, *b·roːns, *b·rons
*b·roːn
*b·roːn
孿 *smroːns, *smrons
*qroːn
*qroːn
*b·ron
*b·ronʔ, *b·rons
*b·rons
*pʰlons, *klons

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  + .

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Initial () (37) (37) (37)
Final () (62) (78) (78)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed Closed
Division () I III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/luɑn/ /liuᴇn/ /liuᴇnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/lʷɑn/ /lʷiɛn/ /lʷiɛnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/luɑn/ /ljuæn/ /ljuænH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lwan/ /lwian/ /lwianH/
Li
Rong
/luɑn/ /liuɛn/ /liuɛnH/
Wang
Li
/luɑn/ /lĭwɛn/ /lĭwɛnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/luɑn/ /li̯wɛn/ /li̯wɛnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
luán luán luàn
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
luán
Middle
Chinese
‹ lwan ›
Old
Chinese
/*mə.rˁo[n]/
English harness bells

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
No. 8620 8629 8635
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 3 3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*b·roːn/ /*b·ron/ /*b·rons/

Definitions[edit]

  1. chaotic
  2. orderly
  3. continuous

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

  • Go-on: れん (ren)
  • Kan-on: れん (ren)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ryeon>yeon) (hangeul >, revised ryeon>yeon, McCune–Reischauer ryŏn>yŏn, Yale lyen>yen)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.