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See also: and
U+54E1, 員
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-54E1

[U+54E0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+54E2]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
10 strokes

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 30, +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 口月山金 (RBUC), four-corner 60806, composition )

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 189, character 31
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3633
  • Dae Jaweon: page 409, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 628, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+54E1

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alternative forms
𪔅

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts

Ideogrammic compound (會意会意): a indicating the top edge of a (“ding”) - round.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • îⁿ - vernacular;
  • oân, goân - literary.
Note:
  • uêng5 - Chaozhou;
  • uang5 - Shantou.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    yuán
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ hjwen ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɢʷ<r>en/
    English circle; round

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 16199
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɢon/
    Notes

    This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

    Definitions[edit]

    1. member
    2. personnel; staff member
    3. Original form of (yuán, “circle; round”).

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (35)
    Final () (59)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Baxter hjun
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦɨun/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦiun/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣiuən/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦun/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣiuən/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣĭuən/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /i̯uən/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yún
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    wan4
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    yún
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ hjun ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ɢ]ʷə[n]/
    English (a particle)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 16215
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɢun/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Only used in 伍員伍员(a person’s name)

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 3[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. a surname

    References[edit]

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    いん
    Grade: 3
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (MC hjun).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (いん) (inゐん (win)?

    1. (literary) member

    Derived terms[edit]

    Suffix[edit]

    (いん) (-inゐん (win)?

    1. member
      (こう)()(いん)kōmuinpublic sector workers, civil servants

    Affix[edit]

    (いん) (inゐん (win)?

    1. member

    Derived terms[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ Akira Matsumura, editor (2006) 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC *hjwen). Recorded as Middle Korean / (wen) (Yale: wen) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

    Hanja[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 인원 (inwon won))

    1. Hanja form? of (person, personnel, employee, member).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Việt readings: vân[1], viên[1]
    : Nôm readings: von[2]

    1. chữ Hán form of viên (person, member, staff, personnel).

    Derived terms[edit]

    References[edit]