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U+54E1, 員
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-54E1

[U+54E0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+54E2]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 口月山金 (RBUC), four-corner 60806, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 189, character 31
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3633
  • Dae Jaweon: page 409, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 628, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+54E1

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
員-oracle.svg 員-bronze.svg 員-bigseal.svg 員-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɢon, *ɢun
*ɢon
*qʰon
*sqʰuːnʔ
*ɢun
*ɢunʔ
*ɢunʔ
*ɢunʔ, *ɢun
*ɢunʔ
*ɢunʔ
*ɢunʔ, *ɢun
*qʰun
*ɢun
*ɢun
*ɢun, *ɢuns
*ɢʷɯns

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • oân, goân - literary;
  • îⁿ - vernacular.
Note:
  • uêng5 - Chaozhou;
  • uang5 - Shantou.

Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yuán
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjwen ›
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷ<r>en/
English circle; round

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 16199
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢon/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. member
  2. personnel; staff member

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (35)
Final () (59)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɨun/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦiun/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣiuən/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦun/
Li
Rong
/ɣiuən/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭuən/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯uən/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yún
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yún
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjun ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷə[n]/
English (a particle)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 16215
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢun/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 3[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. A surname​.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Suffix[edit]

‎(hiragana いん, romaji -in)

  1. member

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(won) (hangeul , revised won, McCune-Reischauer wŏn)

  1. Hanja form? of , “person, personnel, employee, member”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(viên, von)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.