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See also:
U+54E1, 員
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-54E1

[U+54E0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+54E2]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 口月山金 (RBUC), four-corner 60806, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 189, character 31
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3633
  • Dae Jaweon: page 409, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 628, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+54E1

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms 𪔅

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
員-oracle.svg 員-bronze.svg 員-seal.svg 員-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɢon, *ɢun
*ɢon
*qʰon
*sqʰuːnʔ
*ɢun
*ɢunʔ
*ɢunʔ
*ɢunʔ, *ɢun
*ɢunʔ
*ɢunʔ
*ɢunʔ, *ɢun
*qʰun
*ɢun
*ɢun
*ɢun, *ɢuns
*ɢʷɯns

Ideogrammic compound (會意): a indicating the top edge of a (“ding”) - round.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • îⁿ - vernacular;
  • oân, goân - literary.
Note:
  • uêng5 - Chaozhou;
  • uang5 - Shantou.
  • Wu

  • Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    yuán
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ hjwen ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɢʷ<r>en/
    English circle; round

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 16199
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɢon/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. member
    2. personnel; staff member
    3. Original form of (yuán, “circle; round”).

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (35)
    Final () (59)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦɨun/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦiun/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣiuən/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦun/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣiuən/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣĭuən/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /i̯uən/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yún
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    yún
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ hjun ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ɢ]ʷə[n]/
    English (a particle)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 16215
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɢun/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 3[edit]

    Definitions[edit]

    1. A surname​.

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Suffix[edit]

    (hiragana いん, rōmaji -in)

    1. member

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (won) (hangeul )

    1. person, personnel, employee, member

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (viên, von)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.