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See also:
U+96F2, 雲
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-96F2

[U+96F1]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+96F3]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order (Taiwan)
12 strokes
Stroke order

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 173, +4, 12 strokes, cangjie input 一月一一戈 (MBMMI), four-corner 10731, composition )

  1. Shuōwén Jiězì radical №423

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 1372, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42235
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1879, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 4058, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+96F2

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. *
alternative forms ancient
Wikipedia has articles on:

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts

Ideogrammic compound (會意会意) and phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *ɢun) : semantic (rain) + phonetic (OC *ɢun, cloud). Originally written , with the radical added to to distinguish from the borrowed sense of “to speak”.

Etymology[edit]

Very few outside cognates exist. Starostin compares it with Mizo vân (sky, the skies, heaven) and Karbi inghun (cloud).

Alternatively, this is a derivation from a root meaning “to revolve”. Compare (OC *ɢuns, “to move”), (OC *ɡuːl, “to whirl, to circle”) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • hûn - vernacular;
  • ûn/în - literary.
Note: hhion (T3) - archaic.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /yn³⁵/
Harbin /yn²⁴/
Tianjin /yn⁴⁵/
Jinan /yẽ⁴²/
Qingdao /yə̃⁴²/
Zhengzhou /yn⁴²/
Xi'an /yẽ²⁴/
Xining /yə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /yŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /ỹn⁵³/
Ürümqi /yŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /yn²¹³/
Chengdu /yn³¹/
Guiyang /in²¹/
Kunming /ĩ³¹/
Nanjing /yn²⁴/
Hefei /yn⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /yəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /yŋ¹³/
Hohhot /ỹŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɦyŋ²³/
/ɦioŋ²³/
Suzhou /ɦyən¹³/
Hangzhou /ɦyn²¹³/
Wenzhou /joŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /yʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /yan⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /yn¹³/
Xiangtan /yn¹²/
Gan Nanchang /yn⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /iun¹¹/
Taoyuan /ʒuŋ¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /wɐn²¹/
Nanning /wɐn²¹/
Hong Kong /wɐn²¹/
Min Xiamen (Hokkien) /un³⁵/
/hun³⁵/
Fuzhou (Eastern Min) /huŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Northern Min) /œyŋ²¹/
Shantou (Teochew) /huŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Hainanese) /zun³¹/
/hun³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (35)
Final () (59)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter hjun
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɨun/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦiun/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣiuən/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦun/
Li
Rong
/ɣiuən/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭuən/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯uən/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yún
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
wan4
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yún
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjun ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷə[n]/
English cloud

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16358
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢun/

Definitions[edit]

  1. cloud (Classifier: m;  m;  c)
  2. (computing) cloud
  3. (figurative) many; numerous
  4. Short for 雲南云南 (Yúnnán, “Yunnan”).
  5. a surname

Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
くも
Grade: 2
kun’yomi
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
(kumo): an anvil-shaped cumulonimbus cloud

⟨kumo1 → */kumʷo//kumo/

From Old Japanese, ultimately from Proto-Japonic *kumo.

Possibly an ancient nativized borrowing from Old Chinese (*ɢun).

First attested in the Kojiki of 712 CE.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(くも) (kumo

  1. a cloud (visible mass of water droplets or other related material suspended in the air)
  2. (by extension) of how clouds are widely spread:
    1. something spreading over like clouds in the sky
    2. something clouded, foggy, or gloomy
  3. (by extension) of how clouds are high above in the sky:
    1. the sky, heavens
    2. a person or object of higher rank or status
    3. something clouded, obscure, or unusual
  4. (by extension) the smoke during cremation that is thought to be the soul of the deceased person ascending into the heavens
  5. a style of 家紋 (kamon, family crest) with a design of cloud(s), usually associated with major Buddhist temples
Quotations[edit]

For quotations using this term, see Citations:雲.

Derived terms[edit]
Idioms[edit]
Proverbs[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(くも) (Kumo

  1. a surname

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
うん
Grade: 2
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC hjun).

Affix[edit]

(うん) (un

  1. cloud
  2. (figuratively) high, tall, far-off, or distant
  3. (historical) Short for 出雲 (Izumo-no-kuni): Izumo Province
Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(うん) (un

  1. (rare) a mochi rice cake

Proper noun[edit]

(うん) (Un

  1. a female given name
  2. a surname

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Shōgaku Tosho (1988) 国語大辞典(新装版) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  2. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998), NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK Publishing, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC hjun). Recorded as Middle Korean (wun) (Yale: wun) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

Hanja[edit]

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 구름 (gureum un))

  1. Hanja form? of (cloud).

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

Okinawan[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
くむ
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

From Proto-Ryukyuan *kumo.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(くむ) (kumu

  1. a cloud (visible mass of water droplets or other related material suspended in the air)

Derived terms[edit]

Old Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Japonic *kumo.

Noun[edit]

(kumo1 → kumo) (kana くも)

  1. a cloud (visible mass of water droplets or other related material suspended in the air)
  2. (by extension) the smoke during cremation that is thought to be the soul of the deceased person ascending into the heavens
Quotations[edit]

For quotations using this term, see Citations:雲.

Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Japanese: (kumo)

Etymology 2[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

(kumu) (kana くむ)

  1. (regional, Southern Eastern Old Japanese) a cloud
Derived terms[edit]

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Việt readings: vân

  1. chữ Hán form of vân (cloud).

Yonaguni[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Ryukyuan *kumo.

Noun[edit]

(んむ) (nmu

  1. cloud