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See also:
U+96F2, 雲
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-96F2

[U+96F1]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+96F3]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order (Taiwan)
12 strokes
Stroke order
雲-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 173, +4, 12 strokes, cangjie input 一月一一戈 (MBMMI), four-corner 10731, composition)

  1. Shuōwén Jiězì radical №423

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1372, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42235
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1879, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 4058, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+96F2

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. *
Wikipedia has articles on:
  • (Written Standard Chinese?)
  • (Cantonese)
Clouds

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
雲-seal.svg 雲-bigseal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɢun): semantic  (rain) + phonetic  (OC *ɢun). Radical added to to distinguish from the borrowed sense of “to speak”.

Etymology[edit]

Very few outside cognates exist. Starostin compares it with Mizo vân (sky, the skies, heaven) and Karbi inghun (cloud).

Alternatively, this is a derivation from a root meaning “to revolve”. Compare (OC *ɢuns, “to move”), (OC *ɡuːl, “to whirl, to circle”) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • hûn - vernacular;
  • ûn/în - literary.
  • Wu
  • Note: hhion (T3) - archaic.

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /yn³⁵/
    Harbin /yn²⁴/
    Tianjin /yn⁴⁵/
    Jinan /yẽ⁴²/
    Qingdao /yə̃⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /yn⁴²/
    Xi'an /yẽ²⁴/
    Xining /yə̃²⁴/
    Yinchuan /yŋ⁵³/
    Lanzhou /ỹn⁵³/
    Ürümqi /yŋ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /yn²¹³/
    Chengdu /yn³¹/
    Guiyang /in²¹/
    Kunming /ĩ³¹/
    Nanjing /yn²⁴/
    Hefei /yn⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /yəŋ¹¹/
    Pingyao /yŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /ỹŋ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /ɦyŋ²³/
    /ɦioŋ²³/
    Suzhou /ɦyən¹³/
    Hangzhou /ɦyn²¹³/
    Wenzhou /joŋ³¹/
    Hui Shexian /yʌ̃⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /yan⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /yn¹³/
    Xiangtan /yn¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /yn⁴⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /iun¹¹/
    Taoyuan /ʒuŋ¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /wɐn²¹/
    Nanning /wɐn²¹/
    Hong Kong /wɐn²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /un³⁵/
    /hun³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /huŋ⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /œyŋ²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /huŋ⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /zun³¹/
    /hun³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (35)
    Final () (59)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦɨun/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦiun/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣiuən/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦun/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣiuən/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣĭuən/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /i̯uən/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yún
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    yún
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ hjun ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ɢ]ʷə[n]/
    English cloud

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 16358
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɢun/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. cloud (Classifier: ;  m; 𫩥 c)
    2. (computing) cloud
    3. (figuratively) many; numerous
    4. Short for 雲南云南 (Yúnnán, “Yunnan”).
    5. A surname​.

    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    くも
    Grade: 2
    kun’yomi
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    English Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia
    (kumo): an anvil-shaped cumulonimbus cloud

    ⟨kumo1 → */kumʷo//kumo/

    From Old Japanese.

    Ultimately from Proto-Japonic *kumo.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (くも) (kumo

    1. a cloud (visible mass of water droplets or other related material suspended in the air)
    2. (by extension) of how clouds are widely spread:
      1. something spreading over like clouds in the sky
      2. something clouded, foggy, or gloomy
    3. (by extension) of how clouds are high above in the sky:
      1. the sky, heavens
      2. a person or object of higher rank or status
      3. something clouded, obscure, or unusual
    4. (by extension) the smoke during cremation that is thought to be the soul of the deceased person ascending into the heavens
    5. a style of 家紋 (kamon, family crest) with a design of cloud(s), usually associated with major Buddhist temples
    Citations[edit]

    For quotations of use of this term, see Citations:雲.

    Derived terms[edit]
    Idioms[edit]
    Proverbs[edit]

    Proper noun[edit]

    (くも) (Kumo

    1. a surname​.

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    うん
    Grade: 2
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (MC ɦɨun).

    Affix[edit]

    (うん) (un

    1. cloud
    2. (figuratively) high, tall, far-off, or distant
    3. (historical) Short for 出雲 (Izumo-no-kuni): Izumo Province
    Derived terms[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (うん) (un

    1. (rare) a mochi rice cake

    Proper noun[edit]

    (うん) (Un

    1. a female given name
    2. a surname​.

    See also[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 구름 (gureum un))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Okinawan[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    くむ
    Grade: 2
    kun’yomi

    From Proto-Ryukyuan *kumo.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana くむ, rōmaji kumu)

    1. a cloud (visible mass of water droplets or other related material suspended in the air)

    Derived terms[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ クム” in Okinawa Center of Language Study, Shuri-Naha Dialect Dictionary.

    Old Japanese[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    From Proto-Japonic *kumo.

    Noun[edit]

    (kumo1 → kumo) (kana くも)

    1. a cloud (visible mass of water droplets or other related material suspended in the air)
    2. (by extension) the smoke during cremation that is thought to be the soul of the deceased person ascending into the heavens
    Citations[edit]

    For quotations of use of this term, see Citations:雲.

    Derived terms[edit]
    Descendants[edit]
    • Japanese: (kumo)

    Etymology 2[edit]

    (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

    Noun[edit]

    (kumu) (kana くむ)

    1. (regional, Southern Eastern Old Japanese) a cloud
    Derived terms[edit]

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (vân)

    1. cloud

    Yonaguni[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (hiragana んむ, romaji nmu)

    Etymology[edit]

    From Proto-Ryukyuan *kumo.

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana んむ, romaji nmu)

    1. cloud