Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɢun): semantic  ‎(rain) + phonetic  ‎(OC *ɢun), created to separate the sense of "cloud" (the original meaning of ) from a later sense of "speak" or "say" that was added to the character owing to a similarity of sound

Han character[edit]

(radical 173 +4, 12 strokes, cangjie input 一月一一戈 (MBMMI), four-corner 10731, composition)

  1. Shuōwén Jiězì radical №423
Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1372, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42235
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1879, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4058, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+96F2

Etymology 2[edit]

A contraction of 雲南 ("Yunnan"), itself a contraction of 雲岭 ("land south of the Yunling Mountains"), as popularized since the Han Dynasty via the name of the town 云南驿 ("Yunnanyi"; lit. 'The Postal Relay Station South of the Yunling Mountains').[1]

Han character[edit]

(radical 173 +4, 12 strokes, cangjie input 一月一一戈 (MBMMI), four-corner 10731, composition)

  1. (abbreviation) Yunnan province in China

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /yn³⁵/
Harbin /yn²⁴/
Tianjin /yn⁴⁵/
Jinan /yẽ⁴²/
Qingdao /yə̃⁴²/
Zhengzhou /yn⁴²/
Xi'an /yẽ²⁴/
Xining /yə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /yŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /ỹn⁵³/
Ürümqi /yŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /yn²¹³/
Chengdu /yn³¹/
Guiyang /in²¹/
Kunming /ĩ³¹/
Nanjing /yn²⁴/
Hefei /yn⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /yəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /yŋ¹³/
Hohhot /ỹŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɦyŋ²³/
/ɦioŋ²³/
Suzhou /ɦyən¹³/
Hangzhou /ɦyn²¹³/
Wenzhou /joŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /yʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /yan⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /yn¹³/
Xiangtan /yn¹²/
Gan Nanchang /yn⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /iun¹¹/
Taoyuan /ʒuŋ¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /wɐn²¹/
Nanning /wɐn²¹/
Hong Kong /wɐn²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /un³⁵/
/hun³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /huŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /œyŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /huŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /zun³¹/
/hun³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (35)
Final () (59)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɨun/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦiun/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣiuən/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦun/
Li
Rong
/ɣiuən/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭuən/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯uən/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yún
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yún
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjun ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷə[n]/
English cloud

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16358
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢun/

Etymology 1[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions.

Noun[edit]

(classifier (duǒ))

  1. cloud

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From 雲南云南 (Yúnnán).

Proper noun[edit]

  1. Abbreviation of 雲南.

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. cloud

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Kanji in this term
くも
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Anvil shaped cumulus panorama edit.jpg

‎(hiragana くも, romaji kumo)

  1. cloud

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ See for example this report.
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(un) (hangeul , revised un, McCune-Reischauer un, Yale wun)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Mulam[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(kwa3)

  1. cloud

Okinawan[edit]

Kanji[edit]

‎(hiragana くむ, romaji kumu)

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana くむ, romaji kumu)

  1. cloud

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(vân, nguyên)

  1. Cloud

Yonaguni[edit]

Kanji[edit]

‎(hiragana んむ, romaji nmu, mmu)

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana んむ, romaji nmu, mmu)

  1. cloud