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See also:
U+96F2, 雲
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-96F2

[U+96F1]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+96F3]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 173 +4, 12 strokes, cangjie input 一月一一戈 (MBMMI), four-corner 10731, composition)

  1. Shuōwén Jiězì radical №423

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1372, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42235
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1879, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4058, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+96F2

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
雲-bigseal.svg 雲-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
ɢuːn
ɢuːn, *ɢun
ɢuːn, *ɢuns
ɢun
ŋunʔ
ɢun
ɢun
ɢun
ɢun
ɢun
ɢun
ɢun
ɢun
ɢun
ɢun
ɢunʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɢun): semantic  (rain) + phonetic  (OC *ɢun). Radical added to to distinguish from the borrowed sense of “to speak”.

Etymology[edit]

Very few outside cognates exist. Starostin compares it with Mizo vân (sky, the skies, heaven) and Karbi inghun (cloud).

Alternatively, this is a derivation from a root meaning “to revolve”. Compare (OC *ɢuns, “to move”), (OC *ɡuːl, “to whirl, to circle”) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • hûn - vernacular;
  • ûn/în - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /yn³⁵/
Harbin /yn²⁴/
Tianjin /yn⁴⁵/
Jinan /yẽ⁴²/
Qingdao /yə̃⁴²/
Zhengzhou /yn⁴²/
Xi'an /yẽ²⁴/
Xining /yə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /yŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /ỹn⁵³/
Ürümqi /yŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /yn²¹³/
Chengdu /yn³¹/
Guiyang /in²¹/
Kunming /ĩ³¹/
Nanjing /yn²⁴/
Hefei /yn⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /yəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /yŋ¹³/
Hohhot /ỹŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɦyŋ²³/
/ɦioŋ²³/
Suzhou /ɦyən¹³/
Hangzhou /ɦyn²¹³/
Wenzhou /joŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /yʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /yan⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /yn¹³/
Xiangtan /yn¹²/
Gan Nanchang /yn⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /iun¹¹/
Taoyuan /ʒuŋ¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /wɐn²¹/
Nanning /wɐn²¹/
Hong Kong /wɐn²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /un³⁵/
/hun³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /huŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /œyŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /huŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /zun³¹/
/hun³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (35)
Final () (59)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɨun/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦiun/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣiuən/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦun/
Li
Rong
/ɣiuən/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭuən/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯uən/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yún
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yún
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjun ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷə[n]/
English cloud

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16358
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢun/

Definitions[edit]

  1. cloud (Classifier: m;  c)
  2. (computing) cloud
  3. (figuratively) many; numerous
  4. Short for 雲南云南 (Yúnnán, “Yunnan”).
  5. A surname​.

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of (“cloud”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing 雲彩
Taiwan
Harbin 雲彩
Hailar
Ulan Hot
Tongliao
Chifeng
Baochang 雲彩
Bayanhot 雲彩
Jinan 雲彩
Muping 雲彩
Luoyang 雲彩
Jiedian
Xi'an
Qingdao 雲彩
Xining
Xuzhou
Yinchuan 雲子
Lanzhou 雲彩
Ürümqi 雲彩
Wuhan 雲頭
Chengdu
Guiyang
Guilin
Liuzhou
Yangzhou
Nanjing 雲彩
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Shunde
Zhongshan
Dongguan 雲彩
Hong Kong (Weitou)
Taishan
Doumen
Kaiping
Shaoguan
Yunfu
Yangjiang
Xinyi
Lianjiang
Nanning
Wuzhou
Yulin
Hepu
Kuala Lumpur
Gan Nanchang
Lichuan
Pingxiang
Hakka Meixian
Luchuan
Yudu
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Hong Kong
Sabah
Senai
Singkawang
Huizhou Jixi
Jin Taiyuan 雲彩
Xinzhou 雲彩
Jining 雲彩
Hohhot 雲彩
Baotou 雲彩
Dongsheng 雲彩
Linhe 雲彩
Haibowan 雲彩
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Fuqing
Matsu
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Penang
Pingnan
Chaozhou
Johor Bahru
Haikou
Pinghua Nanning 雲朵
Guilin 雲子
Wu Shanghai 雲頭
Suzhou
Hangzhou
Wenzhou
Chongming
Danyang 雲彩
Jinhua
Ningbo 雲頭
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng
Loudi
Quanzhou

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. cloud

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Kanji in this term
くも
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Anvil shaped cumulus panorama edit.jpg

(hiragana くも, rōmaji kumo)

  1. cloud

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(un) (hangeul )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Mulam[edit]

Noun[edit]

(kwa3)

  1. cloud

Okinawan[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(hiragana くむ, romaji kumu)

Noun[edit]

(hiragana くむ, romaji kumu)

  1. cloud

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(vân)

  1. cloud

Yonaguni[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(hiragana んむ, romaji nmu, mmu)

Noun[edit]

(hiragana んむ, romaji nmu, mmu)

  1. cloud