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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
分-order.gif
Stroke order
分-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

分-oracle.svg 分-bronze.svg 分-bigseal.svg 分-seal.svg
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Ideogram (指事) - to separate () with a knife ()

Han character[edit]

(radical 18 +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 金尸竹 (CSH), four-corner 80227, composition)

  1. to divide
  2. small unit of time etc.
  3. the number 1/10; 0.1

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 136, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1853
  • Dae Jaweon: page 304, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 321, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+5206

See also[edit]

  • Chinese Numeral

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (分), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 幫 (1)
Final: 文
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 府文切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/pɨun/ /pi̯uən/ /piuən/ /piun/ /pun/ /pĭuən/ /piuən/
Character (分), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 並 (3)
Final: 文
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 扶問切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/bɨunH/ /bʱi̯uənH/ /biuənH/ /biunH/ /bunH/ /bĭuənH/ /biuənH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
fēn ‹ pjun › /*pə[n]/ divide
fèn ‹ bjunH › /*[m]-pə[n]-s/ alloted duty

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3148 1 /*pɯn/
3191 1 /*bɯns/

Verb[edit]

  1. to divide, to separate
    工作階段進行 [MSC, trad.]
    工作阶段进行 [MSC, simp.]
    Zhè xiàng gōngzuò fēn liǎng jiēduàn jìnxíng. [Pinyin]
    This exercise is divided into two stages.
  2. to distribute, to allocate, to assign, to allot
    兒子比薩餅 [MSC, trad.]
    儿子比萨饼 [MSC, simp.]
    Tā hé érzǐ fēn chī le yī zhāng bǐsàbǐng. [Pinyin]
    He shared a pizza with his son.
    一起苹果 [MSC, trad. and simp.]
    Tā hé wǒ yīqǐ fēn píngguǒ. [Pinyin]
    He divided the apples with me.
    他们住房 [MSC, trad. and simp.]
    Tāmen fēn dào le yī zhuàng zhùfáng. [Pinyin]
    They were allotted a house to live in.
  3. to distinguish, to differentiate, to tell apart
    他們他們 [MSC, trad.]
    他们他们 [MSC, simp.]
    fēn bù qīng tāmen. Tāmen cháng dé tài xiàng le [Pinyin]
    I cannot tell them apart. they are very much alike.
    懦夫蠻力大丈夫氣概恃強凌弱 [MSC, trad.]
    懦夫蛮力大丈夫气概恃强凌弱 [MSC, simp.]
    Tā shì yī ge nuòfū, yī ge fēn bù qīng mánlì hé dàzhàngfū qìgài de shìqiánglíngruò zhě. [Pinyin]
    He's a coward and a bully who confuses physical strength with manhood.

Noun[edit]

  1. minute (unit of time)
    分鐘分钟 (“minute”)
    現在745 [MSC, trad.]
    现在745 [MSC, simp.]
    Xiànzài shì 7 diǎn 45 fēn. [Pinyin]
    It's quarter to eight now.
  2. minute (unit of angle, 1/60 of a degree))
  3. fraction
    分之 (“used to indicate a fraction”)
  4. (sports, games) point; mark;
    本題 [MSC, trad.]
    本题 [MSC, simp.]
    Běntí zhàn wǔshí fēn. [Pinyin]
    This question counts for 50 points.
    多少?  ―  wǒ dé le duōshào fēn?  ―  What's my score?
  5. one tenth
  6. (unit of money) 0.01 yuan
  7. (Hong Kong) fan, a traditional unit of length, legally defined as 0.1 tsun () or 0.00371475 metres ()
  8. (archaic) an ancient small unit of time
  9. Abbreviation of 市分: a unit of length equivalent to 0.33 cm

See also[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Noun[edit]

  1. part, share
  2. ingredient, component
Usage notes[edit]
  • Equivalent to .

Classifier[edit]

  1. classifier for gifts, newspaper, papers, reports, contracts

Compounds[edit]

  • Terms marked with * are regular formations from nouns (e.g. 分校, 分行).

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ふん, romaji fun)

  1. a minute (unit of time)
  2. a minute (unit of angle)

‎(hiragana ぶん, romaji bun)

  1. part; share
    このケーキ
    kono kēki wa kimi no bun da yo.
    this piece of cake is yours. (your share; it implies there are other pieces of cake.)

‎(hiragana , romaji bu)

  1. an obsolete unit of currency equal to four (ryō)

Counter[edit]

‎(hiragana ふん, romaji -fun)

  1. minutes (duration)

Related terms[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(bun)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: bun, McCune-Reischauer: pun, Yale: pwun)
  • Name (hangeul): 나눌 (revised: nanul, McCune-Reischauer: nanul)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(phân, phận, phần)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.