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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
分-order.gif
Stroke order
分-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
分-oracle.svg 分-bronze.svg 分-silk.svg 分-bigseal.svg 分-seal.svg

Ideogram (指事) - to separate () with a knife ()

Han character[edit]

(radical 18 +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 金尸竹 (CSH), four-corner 80227, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 136, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1853
  • Dae Jaweon: page 304, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 321, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+5206

See also[edit]

  • Chinese Numeral

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation 1[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /fən⁵⁵/
Harbin /fən⁴⁴/
Tianjin /fən²¹/
Jinan /fẽ²¹³/
Qingdao /fə̃²¹³/
Zhengzhou /fən²⁴/
Xi'an /fẽ²¹/
Xining /fə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /fəŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /fə̃n³¹/
Ürümqi /fɤŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /fən⁵⁵/
Chengdu /fən⁵⁵/
Guiyang /fen⁵⁵/
Kunming /fə̃⁴⁴/
Nanjing /fən³¹/
Hefei /fən²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /fəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /xuŋ¹³/
Hohhot /fə̃ŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /fəŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /fən⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /fen³³/
Wenzhou /faŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /fʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /fɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /fən³³/
Xiangtan /ɸən³³/
Gan Nanchang /fɨn⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /fun⁴⁴/ ~配
/pun⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /pun²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /fɐn⁵³/
Nanning /fɐn⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /fɐn⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hun⁵⁵/
/pun⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /puoŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xɔŋ⁵⁴/
/puiŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /luŋ³³/
/puŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔbun²³/
/hun²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (1)
Final () (59)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pɨun/
Pan
Wuyun
/piun/
Shao
Rongfen
/piuən/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pun/
Li
Rong
/piuən/
Wang
Li
/pĭuən/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pi̯uən/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
fēn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
fēn
Middle
Chinese
‹ pjun ›
Old
Chinese
/*pə[n]/
English divide

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 3148
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pɯn/

Definitons[edit]

  1. to divide, to separate
    工作階段進行 [MSC, trad.]
    工作阶段进行 [MSC, simp.]
    Zhè xiàng gōngzuò fēn liǎng jiēduàn jìnxíng. [Pinyin]
    This exercise is divided into two stages.
  2. to distribute, to allocate, to assign, to allot
    兒子比薩餅 [MSC, trad.]
    儿子比萨饼 [MSC, simp.]
    Tā hé érzǐ fēn chī le yī zhāng bǐsàbǐng. [Pinyin]
    He shared a pizza with his son.
    一起苹果 [MSC, trad. and simp.]
    Tā hé wǒ yīqǐ fēn píngguǒ. [Pinyin]
    He divided the apples with me.
    他們住房 [MSC, trad.]
    他们住房 [MSC, simp.]
    Tāmen fēn dào le yī zhuàng zhùfáng. [Pinyin]
    They were allotted a house to live in.
  3. to distinguish, to differentiate, to tell apart
    他們他們 [MSC, trad.]
    他们他们 [MSC, simp.]
    fēn bù qīng tāmen. Tāmen cháng dé tài xiàng le [Pinyin]
    I cannot tell them apart. they are very much alike.
    懦夫蠻力大丈夫氣概恃強凌弱 [MSC, trad.]
    懦夫蛮力大丈夫气概恃强凌弱 [MSC, simp.]
    Tā shì yī ge nuòfū, yī ge fēn bù qīng mánlì hé dàzhàngfū qìgài de shìqiánglíngruò zhě. [Pinyin]
    He's a coward and a bully who confuses physical strength with manhood.
  4. Short for 分手 (fēnshǒu, “to break up”).
  5. minute (unit of time)
    分鐘分钟 (fēnzhōng, “minute”)
    現在745 / 现在745  ―  Xiànzài shì 7 diǎn 45 fēn.  ―  It's quarter to eight now.
  6. minute (unit of angle, 1/60 of a degree))
  7. fraction
    分之 (fēnzhī, “used to indicate a fraction”)
  8. (sports, games) point; mark;
    本題 / 本题  ―  Běntí zhàn wǔshí fēn.  ―  This question counts for 50 points.
    多少  ―  Wǒ dé le duōshǎo fēn?  ―  What's my score?
  9. one tenth
  10. (unit of money) 0.01 yuan
  11. (Hong Kong) fan, a traditional unit of length, legally defined as 0.1 tsun () or 0.00371475 metres ()
  12. (archaic) an ancient small unit of time
  13. Short for 市分: a unit of length equivalent to 0.33 cm

See also[edit]

  • (unit of length): (zhàng), (chǐ), (cùn)

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (3)
Final () (59)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/bɨunH/
Pan
Wuyun
/biunH/
Shao
Rongfen
/biuənH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/bunH/
Li
Rong
/biuənH/
Wang
Li
/bĭuənH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱi̯uənH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
fèn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
fèn
Middle
Chinese
‹ bjunH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[m]-pə[n]-s/
English alloted duty

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 3191
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*bɯns/

Definitions[edit]

  1. part, share, portion
  2. ingredient, component
  3. classifier for gifts, newspaper, papers, reports, contracts
Usage notes[edit]
  • Equivalent to (fèn).

Compounds[edit]

  • Terms marked with * are regular formations from nouns (e.g. 分校, 分行).

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ふん, romaji fun)

  1. a minute (unit of time)
  2. a minute (unit of angle)

‎(hiragana ぶん, romaji bun)

  1. part; share
    このケーキは (きみ) (ぶん)だよ。
    Kono kēki wa kimi no bun da yo.
    This piece of cake is yours. (your share; it implies there are other pieces of cake.)

‎(hiragana , romaji bu)

  1. an obsolete unit of currency equal to four (ryō)

Counter[edit]

‎(hiragana ふん, romaji -fun)

  1. minutes (duration)
Minutes in Japanese
一分 (いっぷん) ‎(ippun) 二分 (にふん) ‎(nifun) 三分 (さんぷん) ‎(sanpun) 四分 (よんぷん) ‎(yonpun) 五分 (ごふん) ‎(gofun) 六分 (ろっぷん) ‎(roppun) 七分 (ななふん) ‎(nanafun)
七分 (しちふん) ‎(shichifun)
八分 (はちふん) ‎(hachifun)
八分 (はっぷん) ‎(happun)
九分 (きゅうふん) ‎(kyūfun) 十分 (じっぷん) ‎(jippun)
十分 (じゅっぷん) ‎(juppun)

Related terms[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(bun)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): ()
  • Name (hangeul): 나눌 (revised: nanul, McCune-Reischauer: nanul)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(phân, phận, phần)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.