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See also:
U+5206, 分
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5206

[U+5205]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5207]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
分-order.gif
Stroke order
4 strokes

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 18, +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 金尸竹 (CSH), four-corner 80227, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 136, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1853
  • Dae Jaweon: page 304, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 321, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+5206

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. #

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
分-oracle.svg 分-bronze.svg 分-silk.svg 分-seal.svg 分-bigseal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意): (to separate) + (knife) – to separate with a knife.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • pûn - vernacular (“to divide; to separate; to distribute; to give; by”);
  • fûn - literary.
  • Jin
  • Min Bei
  • Min Dong
  • Note:
    • buŏng - vernacular;
    • hŭng - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • pun - vernacular;
    • hun - literary.
    Note:
    • bung1 - vernacular;
    • hung1 - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /fən⁵⁵/
    Harbin /fən⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /fən²¹/
    Jinan /fẽ²¹³/
    Qingdao /fə̃²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /fən²⁴/
    Xi'an /fẽ²¹/
    Xining /fə̃⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /fəŋ⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /fə̃n³¹/
    Ürümqi /fɤŋ⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /fən⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /fən⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /fen⁵⁵/
    Kunming /fə̃⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /fən³¹/
    Hefei /fən²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /fəŋ¹¹/
    Pingyao /xuŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /fə̃ŋ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /fəŋ⁵³/
    Suzhou /fən⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /fen³³/
    Wenzhou /faŋ³³/
    Hui Shexian /fʌ̃³¹/
    Tunxi /fɛ¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /fən³³/
    Xiangtan /ɸən³³/
    Gan Nanchang /fɨn⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /fun⁴⁴/ ~配
    /pun⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /pun²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /fɐn⁵³/
    Nanning /fɐn⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /fɐn⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hun⁵⁵/
    /pun⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /puoŋ⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xɔŋ⁵⁴/
    /puiŋ⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /luŋ³³/
    /puŋ³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔbun²³/
    /hun²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (1)
    Final () (59)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /pɨun/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /piun/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /piuən/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /pun/
    Li
    Rong
    /piuən/
    Wang
    Li
    /pĭuən/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /pi̯uən/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    fēn
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    fan1
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    fēn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ pjun ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*pə[n]/
    English divide

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 3148
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*pɯn/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to divide; to separate
      工作階段進行 [MSC, trad.]
      工作阶段进行 [MSC, simp.]
      Zhè xiàng gōngzuò fēn liǎng jiēduàn jìnxíng. [Pinyin]
      This exercise is divided into two stages.
    2. to distribute; to allocate; to assign; to allot
      兒子比薩餅 [MSC, trad.]
      儿子比萨饼 [MSC, simp.]
      Tā hé érzǐ fēn chī le yī zhāng bǐsàbǐng. [Pinyin]
      He shared a pizza with his son.
      一起苹果 [MSC, trad. and simp.]
      Tā hé wǒ yīqǐ fēn píngguǒ. [Pinyin]
      He divided the apples with me.
      他們住房 [MSC, trad.]
      他们住房 [MSC, simp.]
      Tāmen fēn dào le yī zhuàng zhùfáng. [Pinyin]
      They were allotted a house to live in.
    3. to distinguish; to differentiate; to tell apart
      他們他們 [MSC, trad.]
      他们他们 [MSC, simp.]
      fēn bù qīng tāmen. Tāmen cháng dé tài xiàng le. [Pinyin]
      I cannot tell them apart. They are very much alike.
      懦夫蠻力大丈夫氣概恃強凌弱 [MSC, trad.]
      懦夫蛮力大丈夫气概恃强凌弱 [MSC, simp.]
      Tā shì yī ge nuòfū, yī ge fēn bù qīng mánlì hé dàzhàngfū qìgài de shìqiánglíngruò zhě. [Pinyin]
      He's a coward and a bully who confuses physical strength with manhood.
    4. to break up; to end a relationship; to separate
    5. (Hakka, Teochew) to give
    6. (Hakka, Teochew) by
      / [Sixian Hakka]  ―  pûn ngìn ma [Pha̍k-fa-sṳ]  ―  to be scolded (by people)
    7. minute (unit of time)
      /   ―  fēnzhōng  ―  minute
      現在745 / 现在745  ―  Xiànzài shì 7 diǎn 45 fēn.  ―  It's quarter to eight now.
    8. minute (unit of angle, 1/60 of a degree)
    9. fraction; proportion
      分之 (fēn zhī, “used to indicate a fraction”)
    10. (sports, games) point; mark
      本題五十 / 本题五十  ―  Běntí zhàn wǔshí fēn.  ―  This question counts for 50 points.
      多少  ―  Wǒ dé le duōshǎo fēn?  ―  What's my score?
    11. one tenth
    12. deci- (SI unit prefix)
    13. (numismatics) 0.01 yuan (or dollar, etc.); cent
    14. one tenth of a (a unit of length)
      1. (Hong Kong) fan, legally defined as 0.00371475 metres
      2. (Mainland China) Short for 市分, equivalent to 0.33 cm
    15. one tenth of a (a unit of area)
    16. a candareen (a unit of weight), one tenth of a (qián, “mace”), and equal to ten (, “cash”)
    17. (historical) an ancient small unit of time
    18. (Taiwanese Hokkien) to beg (for food, etc.)
    Synonyms[edit]
    • (to divide):
    edit
    • (to distribute):
    edit
    • (to distribute):
    edit
    • (to break up): 分手 (fēnshǒu)
    • (to give):
    • (by):
    See also[edit]
    • (unit of length): (zhàng), (chǐ), (cùn)
    SI prefix
    Last Next
    n/a

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    • Thai: หุน (hǔn, a unit of length and weight)
    • Zhuang: faen

    Pronunciation 2[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (3)
    Final () (59)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /bɨunH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /biunH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /biuənH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /bunH/
    Li
    Rong
    /biuənH/
    Wang
    Li
    /bĭuənH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /bʱi̯uənH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    fèn
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    fan6
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    fèn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ bjunH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[m]-pə[n]-s/
    English alloted duty

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 3191
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*bɯns/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. part; share; portion
    2. ingredient; component
    3. duty; responsibility
    4. status; standing
    5. lot; fate; destiny
    6. mutual affection
    7. Alternative form of (fèn, “classifier”).
    Usage notes[edit]

    Many of the senses are now written with the specialised character (fèn).

    Synonyms[edit]
    • (ingredient): 成分 (chéngfèn)

    Compounds[edit]

    Further reading[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    ふん
    Grade: 2
    on’yomi

    /pun//fun/

    From Middle Chinese (MC pɨun, “a minute”).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Counter[edit]

    (ふん) (-fun

    1. minutes (duration)

    Noun[edit]

    (ふん) (fun

    1. a minute (unit of time)
    2. a minute (unit of angle)
    Usage notes[edit]

    When preceded by a number, the reading changes depending on the phonetic context.

    Japanese number-counter combinations for (ふん) (fun)
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 What time?
    (いっ)(ぷん) (ippun) ()(ふん) (nifun) (さん)(ぷん) (sanpun)
    (さん)(ふん) (sanfun)
    (よん)(ぷん) (yonpun)
    (よん)(ふん) (yonfun)
    ()(ふん) (gofun) (ろっ)(ぷん) (roppun) (なな)(ふん) (nanafun)
    (しち)(ふん) (shichifun)
    (はっ)(ぷん) (happun)
    (はち)(ふん) (hachifun)
    (きゅう)(ふん) (kyūfun) (じゅっ)(ぷん) (juppun)
    (じっ)(ぷん) (jippun)
    (なん)(ぷん) (nanpun)
    (なん)(ふん) (nanfun)

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    ぶん
    Grade: 2
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (MC bɨunH, “a minute”).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (ぶん) (bun

    1. a part, a share, a portion
      このケーキは(きみ)(ぶん)だよ。
      Kono kēki wa kimi no bun da yo.
      This piece of cake is your portion.

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 2
    on’yomi

    /bun//bu/

    Shift from bun above, with influence on the meaning from the Middle Chinese sense tied to original Middle Chinese reading /pɨun/.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    () (bu

    1. an obsolete unit of currency equal to four (りょう) (ryō) and to ten (りん) (rin)

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC pɨun).

    Historical Readings
    Dongguk Jeongun Reading
    Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 (Yale: pwùn)
    Middle Korean
    Text Eumhun
    Gloss (hun) Reading
    Hunmong Jahoe, 1527[1] ᄂᆞᆫ홀〮 (Yale: nònhwól) (Yale: pwùn)

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 나눌 (nanul bun))

    1. Hanja form? of (to divide).
    2. Hanja form? of (to distribute).
    3. Hanja form? of (to distinguish).
    4. Hanja form? of (fraction).
    5. Hanja form? of (minute (unit of time)).

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC bɨunH).

    Historical Readings
    Dongguk Jeongun Reading
    Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 뿐〮 (Yale: ppwún)
    Early Modern Korean
    Text Eumhun
    Gloss (hun) Reading
    Juhae Cheonjamun, 1804 분수 (bunsu) (bun)

    Pronunciation[edit]

    • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [pu(ː)n]
    • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
      • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 분수(分數) (bunsu bun))

    1. Hanja form? of (part; portion).
    2. Hanja form? of (component).
    3. Hanja form? of (status; standing).
    4. Hanja form? of (mutual affection).
    5. Hanja form? of (duty; responsibility).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Việt readings: phân, phần, phận

    1. chữ Hán form of phân (divide).
    2. chữ Hán form of phần (part).
    3. chữ Hán form of phận (role).