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See also:
U+5206, 分
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5206

[U+5205]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5207]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
分-order.gif
Stroke order
4 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 18 +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 金尸竹 (CSH), four-corner 80227, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 136, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1853
  • Dae Jaweon: page 304, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 321, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+5206

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
分-oracle.svg 分-bronze.svg 分-silk.svg 分-bigseal.svg 分-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*prɯːns, *hmroːlʔ, *pɯn, *pɯnʔ
*pʰrɯːns
*praːn, *bɯn
*praːn, *bɯn
*praːn, *bɯn
*prɯn, *bɯns
*pʰreːd, *prɯn
*prɯn
*prɯn
*prɯn
*prɯn, *pʰrɯn, *pʰɯn
*brɯn
*pʰɯːns, *bɯːn, *pʰɯns
*bɯːn
*bɯːn, *bɯn, *bɯn
*bɯːns, *bɯnʔ, *bɯns
*bɯːns, *bɯnʔ, *bɯns
*pɯn, *bɯns
*pɯn
*pɯnʔ
*pɯnʔ
*pʰɯn
*pʰɯn
*pʰɯn
*pʰɯn, *bɯn
*pʰɯn, *bɯn
*pʰɯn
忿 *pʰɯnʔ, *pʰɯns, *bɯnʔ
*pʰɯnʔ, *pʰɯns, *bɯn, *bɯnʔ
*bɯn
*bɯn
*bɯn
*bɯn
*bɯn
*bɯn
*bɯn
*bɯn, *bɯnʔ
*bɯn, *bɯnʔ
*bɯnʔ
*bɯns

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (to separate) +  (knife) – to separate with a knife.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • pûn - vernacular (“to divide; to separate; to distribute; to give; by”);
  • fûn - literary.
Note:
  • buŏng - vernacular;
  • hŭng - literary.
Note:
  • pun - vernacular;
  • hun - literary.
Note:
  • bung1 - vernacular;
  • hung1 - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (1)
Final () (59)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pɨun/
Pan
Wuyun
/piun/
Shao
Rongfen
/piuən/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pun/
Li
Rong
/piuən/
Wang
Li
/pĭuən/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pi̯uən/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
fēn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
fēn
Middle
Chinese
‹ pjun ›
Old
Chinese
/*pə[n]/
English divide

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 3148
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pɯn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to divide; to separate
  2. to distribute; to allocate; to assign; to allot
  3. to distinguish; to differentiate; to tell apart
  4. Short for 分手 (fēnshǒu, “to break up”).
  5. (Hakka, Teochew) to give
  6. (Hakka, Teochew) by
  7. minute (unit of time)
    /   ―  fēnzhōng  ―  minute
  8. minute (unit of angle, 1/60 of a degree)
  9. fraction; proportion
    • 分之 (fēnzhī, “used to indicate a fraction”)
  10. (sports, games) point; mark
  11. one tenth
  12. (numismatics) 0.01 yuan (or dollar, etc.); cent
  13. one tenth of a (a unit of length)
    1. (Hong Kong) fan, legally defined as 0.00371475 metres
    2. (Mainland China) Short for 市分, equivalent to 0.33 cm
  14. one tenth of a (a unit of area)
  15. (historical) an ancient small unit of time
Synonyms[edit]
Dialectal synonyms of (“to give”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Tianjin
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan 把得
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Taichung
Hsinchu
Lukang
Sanxia
Yilan
Kinmen
Magong
Chaozhou
Wu Shanghai
Suzhou
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Dialectal synonyms of (“by; passive marker”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan 把得
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Xingning
Huidong
Qujiang
Xiaosanjiang
Changting
Pingyu
Wuping
Liancheng
Ninghua
Ruijin
Shicheng
Shangyou
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Taichung
Hsinchu
Lukang
Sanxia
Yilan
Kinmen
Magong
Chaozhou
Wu Suzhou 撥勒
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng
See also[edit]
  • (unit of length): (zhàng), (chǐ), (cùn)
  • Chinese Numeral

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • → Lao: ປັນ (pan, divide, distribute)
  • → Thai: ปัน (bpan, divide, distribute)

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (3)
Final () (59)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/bɨunH/
Pan
Wuyun
/biunH/
Shao
Rongfen
/biuənH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/bunH/
Li
Rong
/biuənH/
Wang
Li
/bĭuənH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱi̯uənH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
fèn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
fèn
Middle
Chinese
‹ bjunH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[m]-pə[n]-s/
English alloted duty

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 3191
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*bɯns/

Definitions[edit]

  1. part; share; portion
  2. ingredient; component
  3. duty; responsibility
  4. status; standing
  5. lot; fate; destiny
  6. mutual affection
  7. Alternative form of (fèn, “classifier”).
Usage notes[edit]

Many of the senses are now written with the specialised character (fèn).

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
ふん
Grade: 2
on’yomi

/pun//fun/

From Middle Chinese (/pɨun/, a minute).

Pronunciation[edit]

Counter[edit]

(hiragana ふん, rōmaji -fun)

  1. minutes (duration)

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ふん, rōmaji fun)

  1. a minute (unit of time)
  2. a minute (unit of angle)
Usage notes[edit]

When preceded by a number, the reading changes depending on the phonetic context.

Minutes in Japanese
 (いっ) (ぷん) (ippun)  () (ふん) (nifun)  (さん) (ぷん) (sanpun)  (よん) (ぷん) (yonpun)  () (ふん) (gofun)  (ろっ) (ぷん) (roppun) 七分 (ななふん) (nanafun)
七分 (しちふん) (shichifun)
八分 (はちふん) (hachifun)
 (はっ) (ぷん) (happun)
 (きゅう) (ふん) (kyūfun)  (じっ) (ぷん) (jippun)
 (じゅっ) (ぷん) (juppun)

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
ぶん
Grade: 2
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (bɨunH, a minute).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ぶん, rōmaji bun)

  1. a part, a share, a portion
    このケーキは (きみ) (ぶん)だよ。
    Kono kēki wa kimi no bun da yo.
    This piece of cake is your portion.

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
on’yomi

/bun//bu/

Shift from bun above, with influence on the meaning from the Middle Chinese sense tied to original Middle Chinese reading /pɨun/.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , rōmaji bu)

  1. an obsolete unit of currency equal to four  (りょう) (ryō)

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(bun)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul):
    • Name (hangeul): 나눌 (revised: nanul, McCune-Reischauer: nanul)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(phân, phận, phần)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.