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U+4E5E, 乞
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E5E

[U+4E5D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E5F]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 5 +2, 3 strokes, cangjie input 人弓 (ON), four-corner 80717, composition𠂉)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 84, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 170
  • Dae Jaweon: page 170, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 50, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+4E5E

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script
乞-oracle.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰɯds, *kʰɯd
*kʰɯds
*ɡɯːd, *ɡuːd
*ɡɯːd, *ɡuːd
*ɡɯːd
*ŋrɯd, *ŋɯd
*kɯd
*kɯd
*kɯd, *kuːd, *ɡuːd
*ŋɯd
*ŋɯd
*ŋɯd, *hŋɯd
*hŋɯd
*hŋɯd
*hŋɯd
*hŋɯd
*kʰuːd
*ɡuːd

Variant of (OC *kʰɯds), distinguished to indicate a phonetically borrowed meaning “to beg”.

Pronunciation 1[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms


  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰi²¹⁴/
Harbin /t͡ɕʰi²¹³/
Tianjin /t͡ɕʰi¹³/
Jinan /t͡ɕʰi⁴²/
Qingdao /t͡ɕʰi⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕʰi²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕʰi²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕʰji²¹³/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰi⁵³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰi⁵³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰi²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰi²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡ɕʰi³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕʰi²¹/
Kunming /t͡ɕʰi³¹/
Nanjing /t͡ɕʰiʔ⁵/
Hefei /t͡ɕʰiəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰiəʔ²/
Pingyao /t͡ɕʰiʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕʰiəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕʰiɪʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡ɕʰiəʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕʰiəʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕʰai²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰiʔ²¹/
Tunxi /kʰo⁵/
/t͡ɕʰi⁵/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕʰi²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕʰi²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian
Taoyuan /kʰit̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /hɐt̚⁵/
Nanning /hɐt̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /hɐt̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰit̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰøyʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰi²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰɯk̚²/
/kʰiʔ²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /xit̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (29)
Final () (58)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰɨt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰɨt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰiət̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰɨt̚/
Li
Rong
/kʰiət̚/
Wang
Li
/kʰĭət̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰi̯ət̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qi
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ khjɨt ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.qʰət/
English beg, ask

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 10082
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰɯd/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. to beg
  2. to request
  3. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms
Hokkien


Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (29)
Final () (20)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰɨiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰɨiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰiəiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰɨjH/
Li
Rong
/kʰiəiH/
Wang
Li
/kʰĭəiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰe̯iH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 10073
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰɯds/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. (Min Dong, Teochew) to give
  2. (Min Dong; Xiamen, Quanzhou, Zhangzhou, Teochew Min Nan) by
  3. (Min Dong; Xiamen, Quanzhou, Zhangzhou, Teochew Min Nan) Used before a verb to indicate passive voice.
Synonyms[edit]
Dialectal synonyms of (“to give”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Tianjin
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan 把得
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Taichung
Yilan
Lukang
Sanxia
Kinmen
Magong
Hsinchu
Chaozhou
Wu Shanghai
Suzhou
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Dialectal synonyms of (“by; passive marker”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan 把得
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Xingning
Huidong (Huizhou)
Qujiang
Xiaosanjiang
Changting
Pingyu
Wuping
Liancheng
Ninghua
Ruijin
Shicheng
Shangyou
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Taichung
Yilan
Lukang
Sanxia
Kinmen
Magong
Hsinchu
Chaozhou
Wu Suzhou 撥勒
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. beg
  2. invite
  3. ask

Readings[edit]

References[edit]

  • New Nelson: 59
  • Halpern: 1961
  • Halpern Learners: not listed
  • Heisig: 462
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 0a3.4
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(geol)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): (McCune-Reischauer: kŏl)
    • Name (hangeul): (revised: bil, McCune-Reischauer: pil)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]