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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script
乞-oracle.svg

Variant of , distinguished to indicate a phonetically borrowed meaning "to beg".

Han character[edit]

(radical 5 +2, 3 strokes, cangjie input 人弓 (ON), four-corner 80717, composition𠂉)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 84, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 170
  • Dae Jaweon: page 170, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 50, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+4E5E

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰi²¹⁴/
Harbin /t͡ɕʰi²¹³/
Tianjin /t͡ɕʰi¹³/
Jinan /t͡ɕʰi⁴²/
Qingdao /t͡ɕʰi⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕʰi²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕʰi²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕʰji²¹³/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰi⁵³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰi⁵³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰi²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰi²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡ɕʰi³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕʰi²¹/
Kunming /t͡ɕʰi³¹/
Nanjing /t͡ɕʰiʔ⁵/
Hefei /t͡ɕʰiəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰiəʔ²/
Pingyao /t͡ɕʰiʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕʰiəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕʰiɪʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡ɕʰiəʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕʰiəʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕʰai²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰiʔ²¹/
Tunxi /kʰo⁵/
/t͡ɕʰi⁵/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕʰi²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕʰi²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian
Taoyuan /kʰit̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /hɐt̚⁵/
Nanning /hɐt̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /hɐt̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰit̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰøyʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰi²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰɯk̚²/
/kʰiʔ²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /xit̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (29)
Final () (58)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰɨt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰɨt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰiət̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰɨt̚/
Li
Rong
/kʰiət̚/
Wang
Li
/kʰĭət̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰi̯ət̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qi
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ khjɨt ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.qʰət/
English beg, ask

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 10073 10082
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰɯds/ /*kʰɯd/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. beg
  2. to request
  3. (Min) to give

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. beg
  2. invite
  3. ask

Readings[edit]

References[edit]

  • New Nelson: 59
  • Halpern: 1961
  • Halpern Learners: not listed
  • Heisig: 462
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 0a3.4
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(geol)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: kŏl)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: bil, McCune-Reischauer: pil)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]