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U+4E5E, 乞
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E5E

[U+4E5D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E5F]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 5, +2, 3 strokes, cangjie input 人弓 (ON), four-corner 80717, composition𠂉)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 84, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 170
  • Dae Jaweon: page 170, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 50, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+4E5E

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰɯds, *kʰɯd
*kʰɯds
*ɡɯːd, *ɡuːd
*ɡɯːd, *ɡuːd
*ɡɯːd
*ŋrɯd, *ŋɯd
*kɯd
*kɯd
*kɯd, *kuːd, *ɡuːd
*ŋɯd
*ŋɯd
*ŋɯd, *hŋɯd
*hŋɯd
*hŋɯd
*hŋɯd
*hŋɯd
*kʰuːd
*ɡuːd

Variant of (OC *kʰɯds), distinguished to indicate a phonetically borrowed meaning “to beg”.

Pronunciation 1[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms

Note:
  • keg4 - other places;
  • kêg4 - Jieyang;
  • kig4 - Chaoyang.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰi²¹⁴/
    Harbin /t͡ɕʰi²¹³/
    Tianjin /t͡ɕʰi¹³/
    Jinan /t͡ɕʰi⁴²/
    Qingdao /t͡ɕʰi⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /t͡ɕʰi²⁴/
    Xi'an /t͡ɕʰi²¹/
    Xining /t͡ɕʰji²¹³/
    Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰi⁵³/
    Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰi⁵³/
    Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰi²¹³/
    Wuhan /t͡ɕʰi²¹³/
    Chengdu /t͡ɕʰi³¹/
    Guiyang /t͡ɕʰi²¹/
    Kunming /t͡ɕʰi³¹/
    Nanjing /t͡ɕʰiʔ⁵/
    Hefei /t͡ɕʰiəʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰiəʔ²/
    Pingyao /t͡ɕʰiʌʔ¹³/
    Hohhot /t͡ɕʰiəʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕʰiɪʔ⁵/
    Suzhou /t͡ɕʰiəʔ⁵/
    Hangzhou /t͡ɕʰiəʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /t͡ɕʰai²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰiʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /kʰo⁵/
    /t͡ɕʰi⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕʰi²⁴/
    Xiangtan /t͡ɕʰi²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian
    Taoyuan /kʰit̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /hɐt̚⁵/
    Nanning /hɐt̚⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /hɐt̚⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰit̚³²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰøyʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰi²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰɯk̚²/
    /kʰiʔ²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /xit̚⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (29)
    Final () (58)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kʰɨt̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʰɨt̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kʰiət̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kʰɨt̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /kʰiət̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /kʰĭət̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kʰi̯ət̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    qi
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ khjɨt ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.qʰət/
    English beg, ask

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 10082
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰɯd/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to beg
    2. to request
    3. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]

    simp. and trad.
    variant forms
    Hokkien


    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (29)
    Final () (20)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kʰɨiH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʰɨiH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kʰiəiH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kʰɨjH/
    Li
    Rong
    /kʰiəiH/
    Wang
    Li
    /kʰĭəiH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kʰe̯iH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 10073
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰɯds/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (Min Dong, Teochew) to give
    2. (Min Dong; Xiamen, Quanzhou, Zhangzhou, Teochew Min Nan) by
    3. (Min Dong; Xiamen, Quanzhou, Zhangzhou, Teochew Min Nan) Used before a verb to indicate passive voice.
    Synonyms[edit]
    Dialectal synonyms of (“to give”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
    Mandarin Beijing
    Taiwan
    Tianjin
    Jinan
    Xi'an
    Wuhan 把得
    Chengdu
    Yangzhou
    Hefei
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Taishan
    Yangjiang
    Gan Nanchang
    Hakka Meixian
    Miaoli (N. Sixian)
    Liudui (S. Sixian)
    Hsinchu (Hailu)
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Zhuolan (Raoping)
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Jin Taiyuan
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Min Nan Xiamen
    Quanzhou
    Zhangzhou
    Taipei
    Kaohsiung
    Tainan
    Taichung
    Hsinchu
    Lukang
    Sanxia
    Yilan
    Kinmen
    Magong
    Chaozhou
    Wu Shanghai
    Suzhou
    Wenzhou
    Xiang Changsha
    Dialectal synonyms of (“by; passive marker”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
    Mandarin Beijing
    Taiwan
    Jinan
    Xi'an
    Wuhan 把得
    Chengdu
    Yangzhou
    Hefei
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Taishan
    Yangjiang
    Gan Nanchang
    Hakka Meixian
    Xingning
    Huidong
    Qujiang
    Xiaosanjiang
    Changting
    Pingyu
    Wuping
    Liancheng
    Ninghua
    Ruijin
    Shicheng
    Shangyou
    Miaoli (N. Sixian)
    Liudui (S. Sixian)
    Hsinchu (Hailu)
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Zhuolan (Raoping)
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Jin Taiyuan
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Min Nan Xiamen
    Quanzhou
    Zhangzhou
    Taipei
    Kaohsiung
    Tainan
    Taichung
    Hsinchu
    Lukang
    Sanxia
    Yilan
    Kinmen
    Magong
    Chaozhou
    Wu Suzhou 撥勒
    Wenzhou
    Xiang Changsha
    Shuangfeng

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. beg
    2. invite
    3. ask

    Readings[edit]

    “To give”:

    References[edit]

    • New Nelson: 59
    • Halpern: 1961
    • Halpern Learners: not listed
    • Heisig: 462
    • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 0a3.4
    1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (geol)

    • Eumhun:
      • Sound (hangeul): (McCune–Reischauer: kŏl)
      • Name (hangeul): (revised: bil, McCune–Reischauer: pil)
    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Việt readings: khất, khắt, gật

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    References[edit]