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U+4E5E, 乞
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E5E

[U+4E5D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E5F]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 5, +2, 3 strokes, cangjie input 人弓 (ON), four-corner 80717, composition𠂉)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 84, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 170
  • Dae Jaweon: page 170, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 50, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+4E5E

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Variant of (OC *kʰɯds), distinguished to indicate a phonetically borrowed meaning “to beg”.

Pronunciation 1[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms


Note:
  • keg4 - other places;
  • kêg4 - Jieyang;
  • kig4 - Chaoyang.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰi²¹⁴/
    Harbin /t͡ɕʰi²¹³/
    Tianjin /t͡ɕʰi¹³/
    Jinan /t͡ɕʰi⁴²/
    Qingdao /t͡ɕʰi⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /t͡ɕʰi²⁴/
    Xi'an /t͡ɕʰi²¹/
    Xining /t͡ɕʰji²¹³/
    Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰi⁵³/
    Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰi⁵³/
    Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰi²¹³/
    Wuhan /t͡ɕʰi²¹³/
    Chengdu /t͡ɕʰi³¹/
    Guiyang /t͡ɕʰi²¹/
    Kunming /t͡ɕʰi³¹/
    Nanjing /t͡ɕʰiʔ⁵/
    Hefei /t͡ɕʰiəʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰiəʔ²/
    Pingyao /t͡ɕʰiʌʔ¹³/
    Hohhot /t͡ɕʰiəʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕʰiɪʔ⁵/
    Suzhou /t͡ɕʰiəʔ⁵/
    Hangzhou /t͡ɕʰiəʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /t͡ɕʰai²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰiʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /kʰo⁵/
    /t͡ɕʰi⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕʰi²⁴/
    Xiangtan /t͡ɕʰi²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian
    Taoyuan /kʰit̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /hɐt̚⁵/
    Nanning /hɐt̚⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /hɐt̚⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰit̚³²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰøyʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰi²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰɯk̚²/
    /kʰiʔ²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /xit̚⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (29)
    Final () (58)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kʰɨt̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʰɨt̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kʰiət̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kʰɨt̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /kʰiət̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /kʰĭət̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kʰi̯ət̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    qi
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ khjɨt ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.qʰət/
    English beg, ask

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 10082
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰɯd/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to beg
    2. to request
    3. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]

    simp. and trad.
    alternative forms
    Hokkien


    Note: kih4 - Chaoyang.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (29)
    Final () (20)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kʰɨiH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʰɨiH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kʰiəiH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kʰɨjH/
    Li
    Rong
    /kʰiəiH/
    Wang
    Li
    /kʰĭəiH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kʰe̯iH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 10073
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰɯds/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (Min Dong, Teochew) to give
    2. (Min Dong; Xiamen, Quanzhou, Zhangzhou, Teochew Min Nan) by
      拍死 [Teochew]  ―  keh4 nang5 pah4 si2 [Peng'im]  ―  be beat to death by someone
    3. (Min Dong; Xiamen, Quanzhou, Zhangzhou, Teochew Min Nan) Used before a verb to indicate passive voice.
    Synonyms[edit]

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. beg
    2. invite
    3. ask

    Readings[edit]

    “To give”:

    References[edit]

    • New Nelson: 59
    • Halpern: 1961
    • Halpern Learners: not listed
    • Heisig: 462
    • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 0a3.4
    1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (geol)

    • Eumhun:
      • Sound (hangeul): (McCune–Reischauer: kŏl)
      • Name (hangeul): (revised: bil, McCune–Reischauer: pil)
    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: khất, khắt, gật

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    References[edit]