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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 38 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 十中女 (JLV), four-corner 50404, composition ⿱⿻)

  1. wife

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 257, character 30
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6140
  • Dae Jaweon: page 522, character 25
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1036, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+59BB

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (妻), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 清 (14)
Final: 齊
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 七稽切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰei/ /t͡sʰiei/ /t͡sʰei/ /t͡sʰei/ /t͡sʰɛj/ /t͡sʰiei/ /t͡sʰɛi/
Character (妻), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 清 (14)
Final: 齊
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 七計切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰeiH/ /t͡sʰieiH/ /t͡sʰeiH/ /t͡sʰeiH/ /t͡sʰɛjH/ /t͡sʰieiH/ /t͡sʰɛiH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ tshej › /*[tsʰ]ˤəj/ consort, wife
‹ tshejH › /*[tsʰ]ˤəj-s/ give as wife

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9913 1 /*sʰiːl/
9923 1 /*sʰiːls/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. spouse

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
つま
Grade: 5
kun'yomi

From ‎(tsuma, side, edge), indicating the person who is at the side of someone: a spouse.[1] Compare the English expression better half.

This term originally referred to either a male (husband) or female (wife) spouse. In modern usage, this term refers only to a female spouse.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (archaic)

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana つま, romaji tsuma)

  1. (archaic) the male or female partner in a marriage: a spouse
  2. (humble, only refers to one's own) the female partner in a marriage: wife
Synonyms[edit]
  • (one’s own wife): 家内 ‎(kanai)
  • (spouse in general): 配偶者 ‎(haigūsha)

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
つま
Grade: 5
kun'yomi

By extension from the at the side sense.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana つま, romaji tsuma)

  1. a side dish
  2. a tangent, a digression, something to the side of the main thing

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(cheo) (hangeul , revised cheo, McCune-Reischauer ch'ŏ)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thê, thế)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.