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See also:
U+6B32, 欲
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6B32

[U+6B31]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6B33]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
欲-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 76, +7, 11 strokes, cangjie input 金口弓人 (CRNO), four-corner 87682, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 567, character 36
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 16080
  • Dae Jaweon: page 956, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2140, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+6B32

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
欲-silk.svg 欲-seal.svg 欲-bigseal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *loɡ): phonetic (OC *ɦkroːɡ, *kloːɡ, *ɡ·loːɡ) + semantic .

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.

Sino-Tibetan. Compare Burmese လို (lui, to want; to desire) (Schuessler, 2007).

Alternatively, from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *r-ju(w) (to ask; to request), whence Tibetan ཞུ (zhu, to request) (ibid.).

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /y⁵¹/
Harbin /y⁵³/
Tianjin /y⁵³/
Jinan /y²¹/
Qingdao /y⁴²/
Zhengzhou /y³¹²/
Xi'an /y²¹/
Xining /y⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /y¹³/
Lanzhou /y¹³/
Ürümqi /y²¹³/
Wuhan /iəu²¹³/
Chengdu /yo³¹/
/y¹³/
Guiyang /iu²¹/
Kunming /iu³¹/
Nanjing /ʐuʔ⁵/
Hefei /yəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /yəʔ⁵⁴/
Pingyao /yʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /yəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /ɦioʔ¹/
/ɦyɪʔ¹/
Suzhou /ɦioʔ³/
Hangzhou /ɦyəʔ²/
Wenzhou /jo²¹³/
Hui Shexian /iuʔ²¹/
Tunxi
Xiang Changsha /ʐəu²⁴/
Xiangtan /iəɯ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /iuk̚⁵/
Taoyuan /ʒot̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jok̚²/
Nanning /juk̚²²/
Hong Kong /jok̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /iɔk̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /yʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /y⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /iok̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /zok̚⁵/
/hau³⁵/ 訓好

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (36)
Final () (8)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jɨok̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/jiok̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/iok̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/juawk̚/
Li
Rong
/iok̚/
Wang
Li
/jĭwok̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯wok̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ yowk ›
Old
Chinese
/*ɢ(r)ok/
English desire (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4303
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*loɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. wish; desire
    口腹之  ―  kǒufùzhī  ―  desire to eat
    控制  ―  kòngzhì   ―  desire to control
    權力 / 权力  ―  quánlì   ―  desire for power
  2. to wish; to desire; to want
  3. about to

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Min Dong
Min Dong

From the grammaticalization of (OC *pad, “to send out; to go forth; to proceed”) (Tu, 2017).

Pronunciation[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. (Min Dong, Hokkien, Hainanese) to want
  2. (Min Dong, Hokkien) about to
  3. (Hokkien, Hainanese) if
Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. want

Readings[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

This character was sometimes used to phonetically transcribe the Old Japanese word for “night” (yo). [cf. Manyōshū : 4134]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
よく
Grade: 6
Alternative spelling

Attested from the thirteenth century.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(よく) (yoku

  1. desire, a want, that which is wanted
    Synonym: 欲望 (yokubō)
    (よく)()うと
    yoku o iu to
    ideally; if one were to ask for one's desire
  2. greed, avarice
    Synonym: 強欲 (gōyoku)
    (よく)(かたまり)
    yoku no katamari
    greed incarnate; a lump of avarice
  3. ambition, will
    Synonym: 意欲 (iyoku)
    (よく)()
    yoku o dase
    aim high; show ambition

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun 바랄 (baral yok))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: dục, giục

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.