中心

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Chinese[edit]

 
middle; center; within
middle; center; within; among; in; while (doing sth); during; China; Chinese; hit (the mark)
heart; mind
simp. and trad.
(中心)
anagram 心中

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
Initial () (9) (16)
Final () (2) (139)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʈɨuŋ/ /siɪm/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈiuŋ/ /sim/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȶiuŋ/ /sjem/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈuwŋ/ /sim/
Li
Rong
/ȶiuŋ/ /siəm/
Wang
Li
/ȶĭuŋ/ /sĭĕm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȶi̯uŋ/ /si̯əm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhōng xīn
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhōng xīn
Middle
Chinese
‹ trjuwng › ‹ sim ›
Old
Chinese
/*truŋ/ /*səm/
English center heart

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
No. 17407 13801
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tuŋ/ /*slɯm/

Noun[edit]

中心

  1. centre (point in the interior of a circle or sphere)
  2. centre (main part of a thing); core
  3. centre (place where some function or activity occurs)
    社區衛生服務中心 [MSC, trad.]
    社区卫生服务中心 [MSC, simp.]
    shèqū wèishēng fúwù zhōngxīn [Pinyin]
    community healthcare center
    托兒中心 / 托儿中心  ―  tuō'ér zhōngxīn  ―  childcare centre

Synonyms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

中心

  1. (~區) a former name of Siming District (思明) in Xiamen, Fujian, China during the late 1940s
  2. () Zhongxin (a village in Wudian, Guangshui, Suizhou, Hubei, China)

Adverb[edit]

中心

  1. (Classical Chinese) in the heart; with all one's heart; from the bottom of one's heart

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (中心):

See also[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
ちゅう
Grade: 1
しん
Grade: 2
on’yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese compound 中心 (trjuwng sim, literally heart in the middle). Compare modern Hakka reading chûng-sîm.

From (chū, center) + (shin, core)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

中心(ちゅうしん) (chūshin

  1. center, middle, heart, core (physical center)
    • 1931, 宮本百合子, ワルシャワのメーデー:
      広場(ひろば)中心(ちゅうしん)()くと、やっと、行列(ぎょうれつ)らしいものがあった。
      Hiroba no chūshin e iku to, yatto, gyōretsu-rashī mono ga atta.
      She went to the middle of the plaza and finally found a sort of queue.
  2. center, hub (most important area of activity)
    • 1908, 夏目漱石, 坑夫:
      (こと)(おこ)りを調(しら)べて()ると、中心(ちゅうしん)には一人(ひとり)少女(しょうじょ)がいる。
      Koto no okori o shirabete miru to, chūshin ni wa hitori no shōjo ga iru.
      If you investigate its origins, you'll find one girl at the center of it all.
  3. crux, main point
    • 1921, 豊島与志雄, 反抗:
      今後(こんご)生活(せいかつ)問題(もんだい)中心(ちゅうしん)だった。
      Kongo no seikatsu ga mondai no chūshin datta.
      The main issue was how we would live from then on.

Derived terms[edit]

Idioms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1960, Tetsuo Hirayama (平山輝男, editor), 全国アクセント辞典 (Zenkoku Akusento Jiten, Nationwide Accent Dictionary), (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Tōkyōdō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

中心 (jungsim) (hangeul 중심)

  1. Hanja form? of 중심 (center, middle).

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this term

Noun[edit]

中心

  1. Hán tự form of trung tâm (center).