衛生

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Chinese[edit]

Chinese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia zh

 
to guard; to protect; to defend; (surname)
 
to be born; to give birth; life; to grow; student; raw
trad. (衛生/衞生) /
simp. (卫生)

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (衛生, reconstructed)
Character (衛), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 云 (35)
Final: 祭
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 于歲切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦiuᴇiH/ /i̯wɛiH/ /ɣiuɛiH/ /ɦʷiɛiH/ /ɦwiajH/ /ɣĭwɛiH/ /ɣiuæiH/
Character (生), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 生 (21)
Final: 庚
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 所庚切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃɣæŋ/ /ʂɐŋ/ /ʃɐŋ/ /ʃɯaŋ/ /ʂaɨjŋ/ /ʃɐŋ/ /ʃaŋ/
Character (生), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 生 (21)
Final: 庚
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 所敬切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃɣæŋH/ /ʂɐŋH/ /ʃɐŋH/ /ʃɯaŋH/ /ʂaɨjŋH/ /ʃɐŋH/ /ʃaŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (衛生, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
wèi ‹ hjwejH › /*[ɢ]ʷ(r)a[t]-s/ to guard
shēng ‹ sræng › /*sreŋ (MC srj- > sr-; or *s.reŋ ?)/ bear, be born; live
shēng ‹ sræng › /*sreŋ/ fresh, raw
shēng ‹ srjæng › /*sreŋ (or *s.reŋ ?)/ bear, be born; live

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11312 0 /*sʰleːŋ/
11322 0 /*sreŋs/

Noun[edit]

衛生

  1. hygiene; sanitation; health
    衛生 / 卫生  ―  gǎo wèishēng  ―  to do cleaning

Adjective[edit]

衛生

  1. hygienic

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (衛生):


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
えい
Grade: 5
せい
Grade: 1
on'yomi

Noun[edit]

衛生 ‎(hiragana えいせい, romaji eisei)

  1. hygiene, sanitary, health

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this word

Noun[edit]

衛生 ‎(wisaeng) ‎(hangeul 위생)

  1. Hanja form? of 위생, “hygiene”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Noun[edit]

衛生

  1. Hán tự form of vệ sinh, "hygiene"