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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
祭-oracle.svg 祭-bronze.svg 祭-bigseal.svg 祭-seal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(meat) +  ‎(hand) +  ‎(altar, ceremony) – the hand offers a piece of meat at the altar during a ceremony.

Note that the top is not . The left part is ⺼ twisted to the left (compare , ). The right part (which looks like 又 without the tail to the left) actually a simplified form of hand, which was written originally like (three fingers on the arm), with the tail tilted to the right and the leftmost fingers disappearing).

In Japanese handwriting, the diagonals of the upper right component cross: the short upper-right to lower-left stroke crosses the long upper-left to lower-right stroke, rather than abutting there.

Han character[edit]

(radical 113 +6, 11 strokes, cangjie input 月人一一火 (BOMMF), four-corner 27901)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 843, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24700
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1263, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2397, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+796D

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕi⁵¹/
Harbin /t͡ɕi⁵³/
Tianjin /t͡ɕi⁵³/
Jinan /t͡ɕi²¹/
Qingdao /t͡si⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡si³¹²/
Xi'an /t͡ɕi⁴⁴/
Xining /t͡ɕji²¹³/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕi¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕi¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕi²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕi³⁵/
Chengdu /t͡ɕi¹³/
Guiyang /t͡ɕi²¹³/
Kunming /t͡ɕi²¹²/
Nanjing /t͡si⁴⁴/
Hefei /t͡sz̩⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕi⁴⁵/
Pingyao /t͡ɕi³⁵/
/t͡sei³⁵/ ~先人
Hohhot /t͡ɕʰi⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕi³⁵/
Suzhou /t͡si⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕi⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡sei⁴²/
Hui Shexian /t͡si³²⁴/
Tunxi /t͡se⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /t͡si⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /t͡si⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰi⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡si⁵³/
Taoyuan /t͡si⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sɐi³³/
Nanning /t͡sɐi³³/
Hong Kong /t͡sɐi³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡se²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡si²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡si³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡si²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡si³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (13) (18)
Final () (35) (33)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡siᴇiH/ /t͡ʃˠɛiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡siɛiH/ /ʈ͡ʂᵚæiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sjæiH/ /t͡ʃɐiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡siajH/ /ʈ͡ʂəɨjH/
Li
Rong
/t͡siɛiH/ /t͡ʃɛiH/
Wang
Li
/t͡sĭɛiH/ /t͡ʃɐiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡si̯ɛiH/ /ʈ͡ʂăiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhài
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhài
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsjejH › ‹ tsrɛjH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ts]et-s/ /*[ts](ˤ)re[t]-s/
English sacrifice (name of a state)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 5838 5839
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsreːds/ /*ʔsleds/

Noun[edit]

  1. a ceremony where one offers sacrifices to one's ancestors

Verb[edit]

  1. to make offerings to, to sacrifice to, to worship

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. festival

Readings[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(je, chae) (hangeul , , revised je, chae, McCune-Reischauer che, ch'ae, Yale cey, chay)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tế, sái)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.