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U+796D, 祭
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-796D

[U+796C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+796E]

Translingual[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

In Japanese handwriting, the diagonals of the upper right component cross: the short upper-right to lower-left stroke crosses the long upper-left to lower-right stroke, rather than abutting there.

Han character[edit]

(radical 113, +6, 11 strokes, cangjie input 月人一一火 (BOMMF), four-corner 27901)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 843, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24700
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1263, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2397, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+796D

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𥙊

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
祭-oracle.svg 祭-bronze.svg 祭-bronze-warring.svg 祭-seal.svg 祭-bigseal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意): (meat) + (hand) + (altar, ceremony) – the hand offers a piece of meat at the altar during a ceremony.

The top is not related to but may be corrupted to in calligraphy and handwriting. The left part is twisted to the left (compare , ). The right part is a form of .

Pronunciation 1[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕi⁵¹/
Harbin /t͡ɕi⁵³/
Tianjin /t͡ɕi⁵³/
Jinan /t͡ɕi²¹/
Qingdao /t͡si⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡si³¹²/
Xi'an /t͡ɕi⁴⁴/
Xining /t͡ɕji²¹³/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕi¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕi¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕi²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕi³⁵/
Chengdu /t͡ɕi¹³/
Guiyang /t͡ɕi²¹³/
Kunming /t͡ɕi²¹²/
Nanjing /t͡si⁴⁴/
Hefei /t͡sz̩⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕi⁴⁵/
Pingyao /t͡ɕi³⁵/
/t͡sei³⁵/ ~先人
Hohhot /t͡ɕʰi⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕi³⁵/
Suzhou /t͡si⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕi⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡sei⁴²/
Hui Shexian /t͡si³²⁴/
Tunxi /t͡se⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /t͡si⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /t͡si⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰi⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡si⁵³/
Taoyuan /t͡si⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sɐi³³/
Nanning /t͡sɐi³³/
Hong Kong /t͡sɐi³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡se²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡si²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡si³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡si²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡si³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (13)
Final () (35)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡siᴇiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡siɛiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sjæiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡siajH/
Li
Rong
/t͡siɛiH/
Wang
Li
/t͡sĭɛiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡si̯ɛiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
zai3
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsjejH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ts]et-s/
English sacrifice

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 5839
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsleds/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to make offerings to; to sacrifice to; to worship
  2. a ceremony where one offers sacrifices to one's ancestors

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (18)
Final () (33)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ʃˠɛiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈ͡ʂᵚæiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃɐiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈ͡ʂəɨjH/
Li
Rong
/t͡ʃɛiH/
Wang
Li
/t͡ʃɐiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʈ͡ʂăiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhài
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
zaai3
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhài
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsrɛjH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ts](ˁ)re[t]-s/
English (name of a state)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 5838
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsreːds/

Definitions[edit]

  1. () Zhai (a state during the Spring and Autumn period (祭國))
  2. A surname.

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. festival

Readings[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(je, chae) (hangeul , , revised je, chae, McCune–Reischauer che, ch'ae, Yale cey, chay)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: tế

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.