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U+4F8B, 例
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4F8B

[U+4F8A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4F8C]
U+F9B5, 例
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F9B5

[U+F9B4]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F9B6]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
8 strokes

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 9, +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 人一弓弓 (OMNN), four-corner 22200, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 101, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 587
  • Dae Jaweon: page 215, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 146, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+4F8B

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. #

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
例-seal.svg


References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *reds): semantic + phonetic (OC *red).

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /li⁵¹/
Harbin /li⁵³/
Tianjin /li⁵³/
Jinan /li²¹/
Qingdao /li⁴²/
Zhengzhou /li³¹²/
Xi'an /li⁴⁴/
Xining /l̩²¹³/
Yinchuan /li¹³/
Lanzhou /li¹³/
Ürümqi /li²¹³/
Wuhan /ni³⁵/
Chengdu /ni¹³/
Guiyang /ni²¹³/
Kunming /li²¹²/
Nanjing /li⁴⁴/
Hefei /zz̩⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /li⁴⁵/
Pingyao /li³⁵/
Hohhot /li⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /liɪʔ¹/
Suzhou /li³¹/
Hangzhou /li¹³/
Wenzhou /li²¹³/
Hui Shexian /li²²/
Tunxi /le¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /li⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /ni⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /li²¹/
Hakka Meixian /li⁵³/
Taoyuan /li⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /lɐi²²/
Nanning /lɐi²²/
Hong Kong /lɐi²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /le²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /liɛ²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /li⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /li³¹/
Haikou (Min Nan) /lɔi²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (35)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/liᴇiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/liɛiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ljæiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/liajH/
Li
Rong
/liɛiH/
Wang
Li
/lĭɛiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/li̯ɛiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
lai6
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 8121
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*reds/

Definitions[edit]

  1. example; instance
    /   ―    ―  to give an example
    先生 / 先生  ―  yǐ Chén xiānshēng wéi   ―  to use the case of Mr. Chen as an example
  2. case; instance
      ―  bìng  ―  medical case
      ―  bù shí, fǎ bù lì  ―  If there are fewer than ten cases, then a rule should not be established based on them.
  3. precedent
      ―  xiān  ―  precedent
      ―    ―  to grant an exception
  4. rule; regulation
    /   ―  tiáo  ―  regulation
  5. regular
    /   ―  huì  ―  regular meeting
  6. (literary) to compare; to contrast

Synonyms[edit]

  • (example):
edit
  • (precedent):
edit
  • (rule):
edit
  • (to compare):
edit

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
れい
Grade: 4
kan’on

Noun[edit]

(れい) (rei

  1. a custom, usual practice, habit
    Synonym: 慣例 (kanrei)
    (れい)によって
    rei ni yotte
    as usual
    (れい)()
    rei ni naku
    contrary to habit
    メールで(れん)(らく)するのが(れい)となっている。
    Mēru de renraku suru no ga rei to natteiru.
    It has become customary practice to correspond by email.
  2. a precedent
    (れい)のない()()(ごと)
    rei no nai dekigoto
    an unprecedented incident
  3. the aforementioned
    (れい)(おとこ)
    rei no otoko
    that man (who we were speaking about)
  4. a case, an instance, an illustration, an example
    Synonyms: 一例 (ichirei), たとえ (tatoe)
    (れい)として
    rei to shite
    for instance
    (れい)(しめ)
    rei o shimesu
    give an example

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
ためし
Grade: 4
kun’yomi
Alternative spellings
例し

Noun[edit]

(ためし) (tameshi

  1. an instance, an example, a precedent
    Synonyms: 実例 (jitsurei), 先例 (senrei)
    ()いた(ためし)がありません。
    Kīta tameshi ga arimasen.
    I have never heard of such a thing.

Usage notes[edit]

The most common reading is れい (rei).


Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC liᴇiH). Recorded as Middle Korean 례〯 (lyěy) (Yale: lyěy) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (initial position)
    • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [je̞(ː)]
    • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
      • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
  • (non-initial position)

Hanja[edit]

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 법식(法式) (beopsik rye), South Korea 법식(法式) (beopsik ye))

  1. Hanja form? of / (example).
  2. Hanja form? of / (rule; formalities; process).

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: lệ

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.