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Translingual[edit]

shinjitai

/禮

simplified

traditional

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (altar) + phonetic  – performing rites at the altar.

In Japanese kyūjitai, Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (altar) + phonetic .

Han character[edit]

(radical 113 +13, 18 strokes, cangjie input 戈火廿田廿 (IFTWT), four-corner 35218, composition)

  1. social custom
  2. manners
  3. courtesy
  4. rites
  5. proper social behavior (in Confucianism)
  6. propriety
  7. politeness

Descendants[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Note that a correct Japanese kyūjitai glyph uses on the left, rather than the simplification . The Unicode codepoint is the same, only the appearance of the glyph differs between fonts.

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 847, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24844
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1268, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2409, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+79AE

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (禮), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 齊
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 盧啓切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/leiX/ /lieiX/ /leiX/ /leiX/ /lɛjX/ /lieiX/ /lɛiX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ lejX › /*[r]ˤijʔ/ propriety, ceremony

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7839 2 /*riːʔ/

Definitions[edit]

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Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(rye, ye) (hangeul , , revised rye, ye, McCune-Reischauer rye, ye, Yale lyey, yey)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(lễ, thanh, lạy, lẩy, lẫy, lẻ, lể, rẩy, lãi, lấy, lỡi, lởi, rẽ)

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