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See also:
U+79AE, 禮
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-79AE

[U+79AD]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+79AF]
U+F9B6, 禮
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F9B6

[U+F9B5]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F9B7]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Simplified
Japanese
Korean

Alternative forms[edit]

In traditional Chinese, the component on the left of U+79AE is . In Korean Hanja or Japanese kyūjitai, the component on the left of U+79AE is rather than , which is also the historical form that appears in the Kangxi dictionary. A CJK compatibility ideograph exists at U+F9B6 to reflect the form found in the Kangxi dictionary.

Han character[edit]

(radical 113, +13, 18 strokes, cangjie input 戈火廿田廿 (IFTWT), four-corner 35218, composition(GHTV) or ⿰(JK or U+F9B6))

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
variant forms 𥜨 (historical variant)
𥜪 (historical variant)
𫌓 (corrupted form)

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Ancient script Small seal script
豊-bronze.svg 豊-bronze-warring.svg 禮-ancient.svg 禮-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*r̥ʰiːʔ
*r̥ʰiːʔ
*riːʔ
*riːʔ
*riːʔ
*riːʔ
*riːʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *riːʔ): semantic  (altar) + phonetic  (OC *riːʔ) – performing rites at the altar.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • loi2 - vernacular;
  • li2 - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (39)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/leiX/
Pan
Wuyun
/leiX/
Shao
Rongfen
/lɛiX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lɛjX/
Li
Rong
/leiX/
Wang
Li
/lieiX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/lieiX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ lejX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[r]ˁijʔ/
English propriety, ceremony

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7839
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*riːʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. present; gift (Classifier: m c)
  2. ritual; rite
  3. etiquette
  4. ceremony
  5. salute
  6. 48th tetragram of the Taixuanjing

Usage notes[edit]

Usually, a single () refers to a gift that involves more serious social interaction. For gifts between friends, 禮物礼物 (lǐwù) is used instead.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. propriety, courtesy, politeness, etiquette

Readings[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

This spelling has been superseded in modern Japanese by the shinjitai form .


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(rye>ye)

  1. manners, etiquette

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(lễ, thanh, lạy, lẩy, lẫy, lẻ, lể, rẩy, lãi, lấy, lỡi, lởi, rẽ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.