Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: and 𫌓
U+79AE, 禮
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-79AE

[U+79AD]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+79AF]
U+F9B6, 禮
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F9B6

[U+F9B5]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F9B7]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Simplified
Japanese
Korean

Alternative forms[edit]

In Traditional Chinese, the component on the left of U+79AE is . In Korean hanja and Japanese kyūjitai, the component on the left of U+79AE is rather than , which is also the historical form that appears in the Kangxi dictionary. A CJK compatibility ideograph exists at U+F9B6 to reflect the form found in the Kangxi dictionary.

Han character[edit]

(radical 113, +13, 18 strokes, cangjie input 戈火廿田廿 (IFTWT), four-corner 35218, composition(GHTV) or ⿰(JK or U+F9B6))

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 847, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24844
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1268, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2409, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+79AE

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alternative forms
 

𠃞 ancient form
𤔑 ancient form
𥜨
𥜪
𥘆

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Ancient script Small seal script
豊-oracle.svg 豊-bronze.svg 豊-bronze-warring.svg 豊-silk.svg 禮-ancient.svg 禮-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *riːʔ): semantic  (altar) + phonetic  (OC *riːʔ) – performing rites at the altar.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • lài - vernacular;
  • lǐ - literary.
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • loi2 - vernacular;
    • li2 - literary.
  • Wu

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (37)
    Final () (39)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /leiX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /leiX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /lɛiX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /lɛjX/
    Li
    Rong
    /leiX/
    Wang
    Li
    /lieiX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /lieiX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ lejX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[r]ˁijʔ/
    English propriety, ceremony

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 7839
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*riːʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. present; gift (Classifier: m c)
    2. ritual; rite
    3. etiquette
    4. ceremony
    5. salute
    6. 48th tetragram of the Taixuanjing; "ritual" (𝌵)

    Usage notes[edit]

    Usually, a single () refers to a gift that involves more serious social interaction. For gifts between friends, 禮物礼物 (lǐwù) is used instead.

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    Kanji[edit]

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. Kyūjitai form of (propriety; courtesy; politeness; etiquette)

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 례도/예도 (ryedo/yedo rye), South Korea 례도/예도 (ryedo/yedo ye))

    1. Hanja form? of (manners; etiquette).

    Compounds[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Việt readings: lễ (()(đệ)(thiết))[1][2][3]
    : Nôm readings: lẻ[1][3][4][5], lẫy[2][3][4][5], lễ[1][2][5], rẽ[2][3], rẩy[2][4], lạy[3][4], lẩy[3][4], lãi[3][5], lể[4][5], lởi[3], lỡi[3], lấy[3], lảy[5], rẻ[5]

    1. Hán tự form of lễ (ritual; ceremony; etiquette; gift).
    2. Nôm form of lạy (to kowtow).
    3. Nôm form of lẻ (odd (not divisible by two)).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]