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U+660E, 明
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-660E

[U+660D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+660F]
See also: 日月

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
0 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 72 +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 日月 (AB), four-corner 67020, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 491, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13805
  • Dae Jaweon: page 852, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1491, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+660E

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
明-oracle.svg 明-bronze.svg 明-silk.svg 明-bigseal.svg 明-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*mraːŋ, *qʰɯd
*mraŋ
*mraŋ, *mraːŋs
*mreːŋ
*ʔmraːŋʔ

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (sun) +  (moon) – the sun just rising and the moon not yet set – dawn (天明). Alternatively, it may be interpreted as two bright celestial bodies – bright. This form was already found in the oracle bone script and was prevalent throughout the eras.

Three other forms were found in the oracle bone script:

  • < (window) +  – the moon shining through a window – moonlight. This form was also prevalent in the ancient scripts and was considered to be the standard form in Shuowen. See this form's entry for its historical forms.
  • < (eye) +  – bright eyes. This form was rarely attested, so it is still uncertain whether this form is actually equivalent to . It reappeared in the bamboo script of the Qin dynasty, but this was probably a corruption of .
  •  +  – probably a corruption of the above forms.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • màng - vernacular;
  • mìng - literary.
Note:
  • bêng - literary;
  • bîn, miâ - vernacular;
  • mê/mêe/mî/môa/mâ - vernacular (limited, e.g. 明年).
Note:
  • 3men - vernacular;
  • 3min - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (111)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mˠiæŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/mᵚiaŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/miaŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/miajŋ/
Li
Rong
/miɐŋ/
Wang
Li
/mĭɐŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mi̯ɐŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
míng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
míng
Middle
Chinese
‹ mjæng ›
Old
Chinese
/*mraŋ/
English bright

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9188
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*mraŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. bright; light; brilliant
  2. clear; limpid
  3. tomorrow
  4. next; following
  5. to understand
    /   ―  jiǎngmíng  ―  to explain
  6. (~朝) Ming dynasty
  7. A surname​, listed as #111 on the Baijiaxing

See also[edit]

Dynasties (朝代) in Chinese history
Name Time period Divisions
Xia
(~朝, ~代)
2070 – 1600 BCE
Shang
(~朝, ~代)
(~朝, ~代)
1600 – 1046 BCE
Zhou
(~朝, ~代)
1046 – 256 BCE Western Zhou
西周
Eastern Zhou
東周东周
Spring and Autumn period
春秋
Warring States period
戰國战国
Qin
(~朝, ~代)
221 – 206 BCE
Han
(~朝, ~代)
206 BCE – 220 CE Western Han
西漢西汉
Xin
(~朝)
Eastern Han
東漢东汉
Three Kingdoms
三國三国
220 – 280 CE Wei
Shu
Wu
Jin
(~朝, ~代)
265 – 420 CE Western Jin
西晉西晋
Eastern Jin
東晉东晋
Southern and Northern dynasties
南北朝
420 – 589 CE Northern dynasties
北朝
Northern Wei
北魏
Western Wei
西魏
Eastern Wei
東魏东魏
Northern Zhou
北周
Northern Qi
北齊北齐
Southern dynasties
南朝
Liu Song
劉宋刘宋
Southern Qi
南齊南齐
Liang
(~朝, ~代)
Chen
(~朝, ~代)
Sui
(~朝, ~代)
581 – 618 CE
Tang
(~朝, ~代)
618 – 907 CE
Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms
五代十國五代十国
907 – 960 CE
Liao
(~朝, ~代)
907 – 1125 CE
Song
(~朝, ~代)
960 – 1279 CE Northern Song
北宋
Southern Song
南宋
Western Xia
西夏
1038 – 1227 CE
Jin
(~朝, ~代)
1115 – 1234 CE
Western Liao
西遼西辽
1124 – 1218 CE
Yuan
(~朝, ~代)
1271 – 1368 CE
Ming
(~朝, ~代)
1368 – 1644 CE
Qing
(~朝, ~代)
1636 – 1912 CE

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. clear
  2. tomorrow
  3. bright

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana あきら, rōmaji Akira)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(myeong) (hangeul , revised myeong, McCune-Reischauer myŏng, Yale myeng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(minh)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.