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U+660E, 明
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-660E

[U+660D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+660F]
See also: 日月

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
明-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 72 +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 日月 (AB), four-corner 67020, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 491, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13805
  • Dae Jaweon: page 852, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1491, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+660E

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
明-oracle.svg 明-bronze.svg 明-bigseal.svg 明-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*mraːŋ, *qʰɯd
*mraŋ
*mraŋ, *mraːŋs
*mreːŋ
*ʔmraːŋʔ

Traditionally interpreted as an ideogrammic compound (會意): (“sun”) + (“moon”). However, the etymology may be more complex, as older forms of the character show the moon shining through a window ().

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • màng - vernacular;
  • mìng - literary.
Note:
  • bîn/mê/miâ - vernacular;
  • bêng - literary.
Note:
  • 3men - vernacular;
  • 3min - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (111)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mˠiæŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/mᵚiaŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/miaŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/miajŋ/
Li
Rong
/miɐŋ/
Wang
Li
/mĭɐŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mi̯ɐŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
míng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
míng
Middle
Chinese
‹ mjæng ›
Old
Chinese
/*mraŋ/
English bright

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9188
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*mraŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. bright; light; brilliant
  2. clear
  3. tomorrow
  4. next; following
  5. to understand
    /   ―  jiǎngmíng  ―  to explain
  6. Ming Dynasty
  7. A surname​, listed as #111 on the Baijiaxing

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. clear
  2. tomorrow
  3. bright

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あきら, romaji Akira)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(myeong) (hangeul , revised myeong, McCune-Reischauer myŏng, Yale myeng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(minh)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.