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See also: 日月

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
明-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
明-oracle.svg 明-bronze.svg 明-bigseal.svg 明-seal.svg

The traditional etymology follows the modern form in finding Ideogrammic compound (會意): ‎(sun) + ‎(moon). However, the etymology may be somewhat less simple, as alleged older forms of the character show the moon shining through a window ().

Han character[edit]

(radical 72 +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 日月 (AB), four-corner 67020, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 491, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13805
  • Dae Jaweon: page 852, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1491, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+660E

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (111)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mɣiæŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/mɯiaŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/miaŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/miajŋ/
Li
Rong
/miɐŋ/
Wang
Li
/mĭɐŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mi̯ɐŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
míng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
míng
Middle
Chinese
‹ mjæng ›
Old
Chinese
/*mraŋ/
English bright

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9188
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*mraŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. bright, light, brilliant
  2. clear
  3. tomorrow
  4. next, following
  5. to understand
    講明讲明 (jiǎngmíng, “to explain”)
    如果講畀 [Cantonese, trad.]
    如果讲畀 [Cantonese, simp.]
    Jyu4 gwo2 nei5 m4 ming4 zau6 jiu3 gong2 bei2 ngo5 teng1. [Jyutping]
    If you don't understand then you have to tell me.
  6. Ming Dynasty
  7. A surname​, listed as #111 on the Baijiaxing

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. clear
  2. tomorrow
  3. bright

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あきら, romaji Akira)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(myeong) (hangeul , revised myeong, McCune-Reischauer myŏng, Yale myeng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(minh)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.