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U+660F, 昏
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-660F

[U+660E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6610]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 72 +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 竹心日 (HPA), four-corner 72604, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 491, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13806
  • Dae Jaweon: page 854, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1492, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+660F

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*mrɯn
*mrɯn, *mrɯn, *mrɯnʔ
*mrɯn
*mrɯnʔ
*mrɯnʔ
*hmɯːn
*hmɯːn
*hmɯːn
*hmɯːn, *hmɯːnʔ, *hmɯːns
*hmɯːn
*hmɯːn

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: hng - vernacular, hun - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /xuən⁵⁵/
Harbin /xuən⁴⁴/
Tianjin /xuən²¹/
Jinan /xuẽ²¹³/
Qingdao /xuə̃²¹³/
Zhengzhou /xuən²⁴/
Xi'an /xuẽ²¹/
Xining /xuə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /xuŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /xũn³¹/
Ürümqi /xuŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /xuən⁵⁵/
Chengdu /xuən⁵⁵/
Guiyang /xuen⁵⁵/
Kunming /xuə̃/
Nanjing /xun³¹/
Hefei /xuən²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /xuəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /xuŋ¹³/
Hohhot /xũŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /huəŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /huən⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /hun³³/
Wenzhou /ɕy³³/
Hui Shexian /xuʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /xuɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /fən³³/
Xiangtan /ɸən³³/
Gan Nanchang /fɨn⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /fun⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /fun²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /fɐn⁵³/
Nanning /wɐn⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /fɐn⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hun⁵⁵/
/hŋ̍⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /huŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xɔŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /huŋ³³/
/hŋ̍³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hun²³/
/hui²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (32)
Final () (55)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/huən/
Pan
Wuyun
/huon/
Shao
Rongfen
/xuən/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/hwən/
Li
Rong
/xuən/
Wang
Li
/xuən/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xuən/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hūn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
hūn
Middle
Chinese
‹ xwon ›
Old
Chinese
/*m̥ˤu[n]/
English dusk, dark

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5529
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hmɯːn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. dusk, nightfall, twilight, dark
  2. confused; dizzy; dazed; muddled
  3. faint, lose consciousness

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. dark
  2. evening, dusk

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(hon) (hangeul , revised hon, McCune-Reischauer hon, Yale hon)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hôn, hon)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.