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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 72 +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 竹心日 (HPA), four-corner 72604, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 491, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13806
  • Dae Jaweon: page 854, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1492, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+660F

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /xuən⁵⁵/
Harbin /xuən⁴⁴/
Tianjin /xuən²¹/
Jinan /xuẽ²¹³/
Qingdao /xuə̃²¹³/
Zhengzhou /xuən²⁴/
Xi'an /xuẽ²¹/
Xining /xuə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /xuŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /xũn³¹/
Ürümqi /xuŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /xuən⁵⁵/
Chengdu /xuən⁵⁵/
Guiyang /xuen⁵⁵/
Kunming /xuə̃/
Nanjing /xun³¹/
Hefei /xuən²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /xuəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /xuŋ¹³/
Hohhot /xũŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /huəŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /huən⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /hun³³/
Wenzhou /ɕy³³/
Hui Shexian /xuʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /xuɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /fən³³/
Xiangtan /ɸən³³/
Gan Nanchang /fɨn⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /fun⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /fun²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /fɐn⁵³/
Nanning /wɐn⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /fɐn⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hun⁵⁵/
/hŋ̍⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /huŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xɔŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /huŋ³³/
/hŋ̍³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hun²³/
/hui²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (32)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/huən/ /xuən/ /xuən/ /huon/ /hwən/ /xuən/ /xuən/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
hūn ‹ xwon › /*m̥ ˤu[n]/ dusk, dark

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5529 1 /*hmɯːn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. dusk, nightfall, twilight, dark
  2. confused; dizzy; dazed; muddled
  3. faint, lose consciousness

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. dark
  2. evening, dusk

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(hon) (hangeul , revised hon, McCune-Reischauer hon, Yale hon)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hôn, hon)

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