くらい

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See also: ぐらい

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Alternative spelling 暗い

From Old Japanese.[1] Found in the Nihon Shoki of 720 CE.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Tokyo pitch accent of inflected forms of "暗い"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Continuative (連用形) 暗く らく [kùrákú]
Terminal (終止形) 暗い らい
[kùráí]
[kùráꜜì]
Attributive (連体形) 暗い らい [kùráí]
Key constructions
Informal negative 暗くない らくな [kùrákúnáꜜì]
Informal past 暗かった かった [kùráꜜkàttà]
Informal negative past 暗くなかった らくなかった [kùrákúnáꜜkàttà]
Formal 暗いです いです [kùráꜜìdèsù]
Conjunctive 暗くて くて [kùráꜜkùtè]
Conditional 暗ければ ければ [kùráꜜkèrèbà]

Adjective[edit]

くらい (kurai) (-i inflection, adverbial くらく (kuraku))

  1. dark; dim
  2. sombre; gloomy
Inflection[edit]
Antonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Alternative spelling (obsolete for adverb)

/kurawi//kurai/

Originally a compound of (kura, seat, where something is placed) +‎ (wi, being, existing in a place), literally referring to "where one is", and by extension, "status, rank, position; degree".[1][2] Appears from at least as early as The Tale of Genji (prior to 1021 CE).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

くらい (kurai) (historical hiragana くらゐ)

  1. about, approximately
    新宿(しんじゅく)はどれくらい(とお)いですか。
    Shinjuku wa dore kurai tōi desu ka.
    How far is Shinjuku?
    十分(じゅっぷん)ぐらい()かる
    Juppun gurai kakaru.
    It takes about ten minutes.
Alternative forms[edit]
See also[edit]

Noun[edit]

くらい (kurai) (historical hiragana くらゐ)

  1. grade, rank, standing
    (くらい)()がる(くらい)(くだ)
    Kurai ga agaru, kurai ga kudasu.
    To rise in rank, to lower in rank.
    (くらい)(たか)(ひと)
    Kurai no takai hito.
    A high-ranked person.
  2. the throne, the crown
    (くらい)(ゆず)
    Kurai o yuzuru.
    Abdicate the throne.
    (くらい)つく
    Kurai ni tsuku.
    Assume the throne.
  3. (mathematics) place, position
Derived terms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

くらい (-kurai)

  1. seat, position, rank, grade

Etymology 3[edit]

Alternative spelling 食らい

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

くらい (kurai) (historical hiragana くらひ)

  1. (usually in compounds) eating

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN