くらい

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See also: ぐらい

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Hiragana modern くらい
historical くらい
Kanji 暗い
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

くらい (-i inflection, rōmaji kurai)

  1. dark; dim
  2. sombre; gloomy
Inflection[edit]
Antonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Hiragana modern くらい
historical くらゐ
Kanji

Compound of (kura, high place) +‎ (i, residence).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

くらい (rōmaji kurai)

  1. grade, rank, standing
     (くらい) ()がる (くらい) (くだ)
    Kurai ga agaru, kurai ga kudasu.
    To rise in rank, to lower in rank.
     (くらい) (たか) (ひと)
    Kurai no takai hito.
    A high-ranked person.
  2. the throne, the crown
     (くらい) (ゆず)
    Kurai o yuzuru.
    Abdicate the throne.
     (くらい)つく
    Kurai ni tsuku.
    Assume the throne.
  3. (mathematics) place, position
Derived terms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

くらい (rōmaji -kurai)

  1. seat, position, rank, grade

Etymology 3[edit]

Hiragana modern くらい
historical くらゐ

Derived from くらい (grade, rank).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

くらい (rōmaji kurai)

  1. about, approximately
    新宿 (しんじゅく)はどれくらい (とお)いですか。
    Shinjuku wa dore kurai tōi desu ka.
    How far is Shinjuku?
     (じゅっ) (ぷん)ぐらい ()かる
    Juppun gurai kakaru.
    It takes about ten minutes.
See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN