好き

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
kun’yomi

Etymology[edit]

The 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of verb 好く (suku, to like, to be fond of, to enjoy, to feel love for).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

好き (-na inflection, hiragana すき, rōmaji suki)

  1. liked, favorite
     () () (もの)は?アイスクリームです。
    Suki na tabemono wa? Aisukurīmu desu.
    What's your favorite food? - It's ice cream.
     (きみ) ()だからこそこれほど (がん) ()っているんだよ。
    Kimi ga suki da kara koso kore hodo ganbatte iru n da yo.
    It's precisely because I like you [because of my fondness for you] that I'm working this hard.
     ()です。
    Suki desu.
    “I like you.” → idiomatically used to express: “I love you.”
    どうとも ()にしなさい。
    Dō tomo suki ni shinasai.
    Feel free to do as you like.

Usage notes[edit]

Used as an adjective to describe the thing that is liked. Note that this is different from English, where the term like is used as a verb describing the action of having a fondness or preference for something.

Inflection[edit]

Noun[edit]

好き (hiragana すき, rōmaji suki)

  1. fondness, favor, favour
     ()こそものの (じょう) ()なれ
    Suki koso mono no jōzu nare
    Your fondness helps improve your skill. → Who likes not his business, his business doesn't like him.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  • 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan