好き

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
kun’yomi
Alternative spellings
数奇 (rare)
数寄 (rare)

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The (れん)(よう)(けい) (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of the verb () (suku, to like, to be fond of, to enjoy, to feel love for).[1][2]

First cited to the late 900s in the 宇津保物語 (Utsubo Monogatari).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

() (suki-na (adnominal () (suki na), adverbial () (suki ni))

  1. liked, favorite
    Antonym: 嫌い
    ()()(もの)は?アイスクリームです。
    Suki na tabemono wa? Aisukurīmu desu.
    What's your favorite food? - It's ice cream.
    (きみ)()だからこそこれほど(がん)()っているんだよ。
    Kimi ga suki da kara koso kore hodo ganbatte iru n da yo.
    It's precisely because I like you [because of my fondness for you] that I'm working this hard.
    ()です。
    Suki desu.
    “I like you.” → idiomatically used to express: “I love you.”
    どうとも()にしなさい。
    Dō tomo suki ni shinasai.
    Feel free to do as you like.

Usage notes[edit]

Used as an adjective to describe the thing that is liked. Note that this is different from English, where the term like is used as a verb describing the action of having a fondness or preference for something.

Inflection[edit]

Noun[edit]

() (suki

  1. fondness, favor, favour
    ()こそものの(じょう)()なれ
    Suki koso mono no jōzu nare
    Your fondness helps improve your skill. → Who likes not his business, his business doesn't like him.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 好・数奇・数寄”, in 日本国語大辞典 (Nihon Kokugo Daijiten, Nihon Kokugo Daijiten)[1] (in Japanese), 2nd edition, Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 2000, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN