未然形

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
ぜん
Grade: 4
けい
Grade: 2
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

Compound of 未然 (mizen, literally not yet occurred) +‎ (kei, form). Historically called 将然言 (しょうぜんげん) (shōzengen), 未然段 (みぜんだん) (mizendan).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

未然形 (hiragana みぜんけい, romaji mizenkei)

  1. (grammar) a Japanese verbal inflectional category: the irrealis form
    Indicates that something has not yet happened, or not yet begun.

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  • 1990, Masayoshi Shibatani, The languages of Japan, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-36918-5, page 221-224: