未然形

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
ぜん
Grade: 4
けい
Grade: 2
on'yomi

Compound of 未然 ‎(mizen, literally not yet occurred) +‎ ‎(kei, form). Historically called 将然言 (しょうぜんげん) ‎(shōzengen), 未然段 (みぜんだん) ‎(mizendan).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

未然形 ‎(hiragana みぜんけい, romaji mizenkei)

  1. (grammar) a Japanese verbal inflectional category: the irrealis form
    Indicates that something has not yet happened, or not yet begun.

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  4. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0
  • 1990, Masayoshi Shibatani, The languages of Japan, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-36918-5, page 221-224: