conditional

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French condicionel (French conditionnel).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kənˈdɪʃənəl/
    • (file)

Noun[edit]

conditional (plural conditionals)

  1. (grammar) A conditional sentence; a statement that depends on a condition being true or false.
  2. (grammar) The conditional mood.
  3. (logic) A statement that one sentence is true if another is.
    "A implies B" is a conditional.
    • 1867, L. H. Atwater, (Please provide the book title or journal name), quoted in 'OED':
      Manual of Elementary Logic
  4. (programming) An instruction that branches depending on the truth of a condition at that point.
    if and while are conditionals in some programming languages.
  5. (obsolete) A limitation.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Francis Bacon to this entry?)

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The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Adjective[edit]

conditional (not comparable)

  1. Limited by a condition.
    I made my son a conditional promise: I would buy him a bike if he kept his room tidy.
    • 1753, William Warburton, The Character and Conduct of the Messengers
      Every covenant of God with man [] may justly be made (as in fact it is made) with this conditional punishment annexed and declared.
  2. (logic) Stating that one sentence is true if another is.
    "A implies B" is a conditional statement.
    • 1826, Richard Whately, Elements of Logic
      A conditional proposition is one which asserts the dependence of one categorical proposition on another.
  3. (grammar) Expressing a condition or supposition.
    a conditional word, mode, or tense

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